Top Ten Akkadian Artifacts

Top Ten Akkadian Artifacts

       The Akkadian Empire was an empire centered in the city ofAkkadand its surrounding region in Ancient Iraq, (Mesopotamia). The Akkadian state was the predecessor of the ethnic Akkadian states of Babylonia and Assyria; formed following centuries of Akkadian cultural synergy with Sumerians, it reached the height of its power between the 24th and 22nd centuries BC following the conquests of king Sargon of Akkad, and is sometimes regarded as the first manifestation of an empire in history, though there are also previous claimants.

  1. Bronze Head of Sargon

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  2. Atra-Hasis

    The 18th century BC Akkadian epic of Atra-Hasis is named after its protagonist. An “Atra-Hasis” (“exceedingly wise”) appears on one of the Sumerian king lists as king of Shuruppak in the times before the flood. It includes both a creation myth and a flood account and is one of three surviving Babylonian deluge stories. The oldest known copy of the epic tradition concerning Atrahasis can be dated by colophon (scribal identification) to the reign of Hammurabi’s great-grandson, Ammi-Saduqa (1646–1626 BCE), but various Old Babylonian fragments exist; it continued to be copied into the first millennium BC. The Atrahasis story also exists in a later fragmentary Assyrian version, having been first rediscovered in the library of Ashurbanipal, but, because of the fragmentary condition of the tablets and ambiguous words, translations had been uncertain. Its fragments were assembled and translated first by George Smith as The Chaldean Account of Genesis; the name of its hero was corrected to Atra-Hasis by Heinrich Zimmern in 1899.
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  3. Stele of Naram-Sin, King of Akkad (2,310 BC)

    This stele depicts Naram-Sin, King of Akkad and grandson of Sargon the Great, celebrating his victory against the Lullubi. It was comes from Zagros in present day Iran.
    Links: Top Ten Stelae, Top Ten Middle Eastern Stele,,
  4. Inscription of Naram Sin

  5. Gilgamesh Motif Cylinder Seal Impression (2,400 BC)

           This is a Gilgamesh motif cylinder seal impression dated to 2,400 BC. It currently resides in the Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore.
  6. Zu Relief (2550 – 2500 BC)

           This is a relief of Zu, a divinity of Akkadian mythology, and the son of the bird goddess Siris, as a lion-headed eagle. It currently resides in the Louvre.
    Links: Top Ten Louvre Artifacts,
  7. Links: Artifacts, Top 100 Middle Eastern Artifacts, Top 100 Sumerian Artifacts,

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