Top Ten Most Camouflaged Animals

Top Ten Most Camouflaged Animals

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       Now you seem them, now you don’t.

  1. Octopus
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    Octopus, Squid and Cuttlefish take the cake when it comes to stealthy camouflage. Some species can literally change the coloring and texture of their exterior to match that of their environment, and are incredibly hard to spot when they go undercover. The Mimic Octopus can even replicate the physical likeness and movements of more than 15 different species, including sea snakes, lionfish, flatfish, brittle stars, giant crabs, sea shells, stingrays, flounders, jellyfish, sea anemones, and mantis shrimp.
    Links: Top Ten Octopus/Squid,
  2. Chameleon
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    Chameleons are a distinctive and highly specialized clade of lizards. The approximately 160 species of chameleon come in a range of colors, including pink, blue, red, orange, turquoise, yellow and green. They are distinguished by their zygodactylous feet; their separately mobile, stereoscopic eyes; their very long, highly modified, rapidly extrudable tongues; their swaying gait; and crests or horns on their distinctively shaped heads. Some species can change color, and many have a prehensile tail. Uniquely adapted for climbing and visual hunting, they are found in warm habitats that vary from rain forest to desert conditions—in Africa, Madagascar, and southern Europe, and across south Asia as far as Sri Lanka. They have also been introduced to Hawaii, California, and Florida, and are often kept as household pets.
    Links: Top Ten Lizards, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chameleon,
  3. Leaf Tailed Gecko and Mossy Leafed Gecko
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    Uroplatus phantasticus, the Satanic Leaf Tailed Gecko, is a species of gecko endemic to the island of Madagascar. First described in 1888 by George Albert Boulenger, U. phantasticus is the smallest in body of the Uroplatus geckos, though there is an ongoing debate as to whether one of its cousins, U. ebenaui, is smaller because of its shorter tail. It may also be known as the eyelash leaf tailed gecko or the fantastic leaf tailed gecko.
    Links: Top Ten Lizards,  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uroplatus_phantasticus,  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mossy_leaf-tailed_gecko,
  4. Ghost Mantis and Dead Leaf Mantis
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    Phyllocrania paradoxa, common name Ghost Mantis, is a small species of mantis from Africa remarkable for its leaf-like body. It is one of the three species in the genus Phyllocrania. Dead Leaf Mantis is a common name given to various species of praying mantis that mimic dead leaves. It is most often used in reference to species within genus Deroplatys because of their popularity as exotic pets. Examples include D. desiccata (Giant Dead Leaf Mantis), D. lobata (Malaysian Dead Leaf Mantis), and D. philippinica (Philippines Dead Leaf Mantis). Other species to which the term may apply include Acanthops falcataria (South American Dead Leaf Mantis), A. falcata (South American Dead Leaf Mantis), and Phyllocrania paradoxa (more common known as the Ghost Mantis).
    Links: Top 100 Insects,  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ghost_Mantis,  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dead_leaf_mantis,
  5. Dead Leaf Butterfly
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    The Orange Oakleaf or Dead Leaf (Kallima inachus) is a nymphalid butterfly found in tropical Asia from India to Japan. With wings closed, it closely resembles a dry leaf with dark veins and is a spectacular and commonly cited example of camouflage.
    Links: Top Ten Butterfly, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dead_Leaf,
  6. Reef Stonefish
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    Synanceia verrucosa is a fish species known as the reef stonefish or simply stonefish. It is a carnivorous ray-finned fish with venomous spines. It lives on reef bottoms camouflaged as a rock. It is the most venomous known fish in the world. It can be lethal to humans.
    Links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reef_stonefish,
  7. Leafy Sea Dragon
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    The leafy seadragon or Glauert’s seadragon, is a marine fish in the family Syngnathidae, which also includes the seahorses. It is found along the southern and western coasts of Australia. The name is derived from the appearance, with long leaf-like protrusions coming from all over the body. These protrusions are not used for propulsion; they serve only as camouflage. The leafy seadragon propels itself by means of a pectoral fin on the ridge of its neck and a dorsal fin on its back closer to the tail end. These small fins are almost completely transparent and difficult to see as they undulate minutely to move the creature sedately through the water, completing the illusion of floating seaweed. Popularly known as “leafies,” it is the marine emblem of the state of South Australia and a focus for local marine conservation.
    Links: Top 100 Fish, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leafy_Sea_Dragon,
  8. Tawny Frogmouth
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    The Tawny Frogmouth is an Australian species of frogmouth, a type of bird found throughout the Australian mainland, Tasmania and southern New Guinea. The Tawny Frogmouth is often mistaken for an owl. Many Australians refer to the Tawny Frogmouth by the colloquial names of “Mopoke” or “Morepork,” which usually are common alternative names for the Southern Boobook.
    Links: Top 100 Birds, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tawny_Frogmouth,
  9. Pygmy Seahorse
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    The pygmy seahorses comprise several species of tiny seahorse in the syngnathid family or Syngnathidae (seahorses and pipefish). Family Syngnathidae is part of order Syngnathiformes, which contains fishes with fused jaws that suck food into tubular mouths. They are found in Southeast Asia in the Coral Triangle area. They are some of the smallest seahorse species in the world, typically measuring less than 2 cm (0.79 in) in height. The first pygmy seahorse known to science was Hippocampus bargibanti. At least six more species were named after 2000. The first species discovered lives exclusively on fan corals and matches their color and appearance. So effective is pygmy seahorse camouflage that it was discovered only when a host gorgonian was being examined in a laboratory. Other species live on soft corals or are free-ranging among seagrasses and algae.
    Links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pygmy_seahorse,
  10. Merlet’s Scorpionfish
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    Scorpaenidae, the scorpionfish, are a family of mostly marine fish that includes many of the world’s most venomous species. As the name suggests, scorpionfish have a type of “sting” in the form of sharp spines coated with venomous mucus. The family is a large one, with hundreds of members. They are widespread in tropical and temperate seas, but mostly found in the Indo-Pacific. They should not be confused with the cabezones, of the genus Scorpaenichthys, which belong to a separate, though related family, Cottidae.
    Links: Top 100 Fishhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scorpionfish,
  11. Baron Caterpillar
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  12. Orchid Mantis
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    Hymenopus coronatus, also called H. bicornis, is a mantis from the rain forests of southeast Asia. It is known by various common names including walking flower mantis and (pink) orchid mantis. It is one of several species known as flower mantises from their resemblance and behavior.
    Links: Top 100 Insects, Top 100 Flowershttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orchid_mantis,
  13. Stick Insects (Stick Mantis)
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    The Phasmatodea are an order of insects, whose members are variously known as stick insects (in Europe and Australasia), walking sticks or stick-bugs (in the US and Canada), phasmids, ghost insects and leaf insects (generally the family Phylliidae). The ordinal name is derived from the Ancient Greek phasma, meaning an apparition or phantom, and refers to the resemblance of many species to sticks or leaves. Their natural camouflage can make them extremely difficult to spot. Phasmatodea can be found all over the world in warmer zones, especially the tropics and subtropics. The greatest diversity is found in Southeast Asia and South America, followed by Australia. Phasmids also have a considerable presence in the continental US, mainly in the Southeast.
    Links: Top 100 Insectshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stick_insect,
  14. Katydid
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    Insects in the family Tettigoniidae are commonly called katydids or bush-crickets. There are more than 6,400 species. Part of the suborder Ensifera, it is the only family in the superfamily Tettigonioidea. The name is derived from the genus Tettigonia, first described by Carl Linnaeus in 1748. They are also known as long-horned grasshoppers, although they are more closely related to crickets and weta than to any type of grasshopper. Many tettigoniids exhibit mimicry and camouflage, commonly with shapes and colors similar to leaves.
    Links: Top 100 Insects, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Katydid,
  15. Ornate Wobblegong
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    The ornate wobbegong is a species of carpet shark in the family Orectolobidae, found in the western Pacific Ocean around eastern Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, and Australia. As yet, only Australian populations are known to certainly belong to this species, and it is possible populations in other countries actually represent a separate, undescribed species. The maximum reported length of the ornate wobbegong is 1.17 m (3.8 ft.). Reports of a larger maximum size is due to confusion with the recently revalidated gulf wobbegong (O. halei), which for the most part is found further south than the ornate wobbegong.
    Links: Top Ten Sharks, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ornate_wobbegong,
  16. Flounder (Right Eyed Flounder)
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    Righteye flounders are a family, Pleuronectidae, of flounders. They are called “righteye flounders” because most species lie on the sea bottom on their left side, with both eyes on the right side. The Paralichthyidae are the opposite, with their eyes on the left side. Their dorsal and anal fins are long and continuous, with the dorsal fin extending forward onto the head. Females lay eggs that float in mid-water until the larvae develop, and they sink to the bottom. They are found on the bottoms of oceans around the world, with some species, such as the Atlantic halibut, Hippoglossus hippoglossus, being found down to 2,000 m (6,600 ft.). The smaller species eat sea-floor invertebrates such as polychaetes and crustaceans, but the larger righteye flounders, such as H. hippoglossus, which grows up to 4.7 m (15 ft) in length, feed on other fishes and cephalopods as well.
    Links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Right-eye_flounder,
  17. Southern Rock Agama Lizard

    The southern rock agama (Agama atra) is a species of lizard from the Agamidae family, that occurs in South Africa. It lives in small colonies on rocky outcrops, and the males are very conspicuous for their bright blue heads.
    Links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Southern_Rock_Agama,
  18. Gabon Viper
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    Bitis gabonica, commonly known as the Gaboon viper, is a venomous viper species found in the rainforests and savannas of sub-Saharan Africa. This is not only the largest member of the genus Bitis, but also the world’s heaviest viperid, and it has the longest fangs, up to 2 inches (5 cm), and the highest venom yield of any venomous snake. Two subspecies are currently recognized, including the nominate race described here.
    Links: Top Ten Snakes, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gabon_viper,
  19. Polar Bear, Artic Fox, Snowhare, Snowy Owl and the Great Owl
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    All of these animals employ a snowy white exterior to stealthily sneak up on prey and avoid predators.
    Links: Top 100 Birds,
  20. Paradoxophyla Palmata
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    Paradoxophyla palmata is a species of frog in the Microhylidae family. It is endemic to Madagascar. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, intermittent freshwater marshes, and heavily degraded former forest. It is threatened by habitat loss.
    Links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paradoxophyla_palmata,
  21. Horned Rockdweller Dragonfly
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    Bradinopyga is a genus of dragonflies in the family Libellulidae. It contains the following species: Bradinopyga cornuta Ris, 1911 – Horned Rock-dweller; Bradinopyga geminata (Rambur, 1842) – Granite Ghost; Bradinopyga saintjohanni Baijal & Agarwal, 1956; Bradinopyga strachani (Kirby, 1900) – Red Rock-dweller.
    Links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bradinopyga,
  22. Egyptian Nightjar
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           The Egyptian Nightjar is a medium-small nightjar which lives in south west Asia and north Africa, and winters in tropical Africa. It is a rare visitor to Europe, but, remarkably, has twice been found as far away as Great Britain. Open desert with a few trees or bushes are the haunts of this crepuscular nightjar. It flies at dusk, most often at sundown, with an easy, silent moth-like flight; its strong and deliberate wingbeats alternate with sweeps and wheels with motionless wings. The variegated plumage is much paler than the European Nightjar. The adult is sand-colored, barred and streaked with buff and brown. The under parts are sandy or whitish. It is smaller, but relatively longer-winged and longer-tailed than the more widespread species. Like other nightjars, it has a wide gape, long wings, soft downy plumage and nocturnal habits. The male has tiny white wing spots. The length is 25 cm, and the wingspan 55 cm. Crepuscular insects, such as moths, are its food. During the day this nightjar lies silent upon the ground, concealed by its plumage; it is difficult to detect, blending in with the sandy soil. No nest is made; the two elongated and elliptical eggs are placed upon the bare ground; the brooding bird, sitting closely, is their best protection.
    Links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Egyptian_nightjar,
  23. Underwing Moth
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           Catocala is a generally Holarctic genus of owlet moths (family Noctuidae or superfamily Noctuoidea) commonly known as underwing moths or simply underwings. These terms are sometimes used for a few related moths, but it is usually used to refer to Catocala only. They are traditionally placed in the subfamily Catocalinae, and therein in subtribe Catocalina of the large tribe Catocalini. Of these taxa, they form the type genus. Of the more than 250 known species, slightly less than half are found in North America, mostly in the US, while the rest occur in Eurasia. Of these, about one-fifth (almost 30 species) is native to Europe. A few range into the northern Neotropics and Indomalaya.
    Links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Underwing_moth,
  24. Knobbly Crab Spider
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    Links: Top Ten Spiders,
  25. Bat Faced Toad

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  26. Humans
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    Links: Emerging Technologies, Top Ten Material Science Technologies, Top 100 Gadgets,
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