Top Ten First Intermediate Period Egyptian Artifacts

Top Ten First Intermediate Period Egyptian Artifacts

       The First Intermediate Period, often described as a “dark period” in ancient Egyptian history, spanned approximately 100 years, from ca. 2181-2055 BC, after the end of the Old Kingdom. It included the seventh, eighth, ninth, tenth, and part of the eleventh dynasties. Very little monumental evidence survives from this period, especially towards the beginning of the era. The First Intermediate Period was a dynamic time in history where rule of Egypt was roughly divided between two competing power bases. One of those bases resided at Heracleopolis in Lower Egypt, a city just south of the Faiyum region. The other resided at Thebes in Upper Egypt. It is believed that during this time, the temples were pillaged and violated, their existing artwork was vandalized, and the statues of kings were broken or destroyed as a result of this alleged political chaos. These two kingdoms would eventually come into conflict, with the Theban kings conquering the north, resulting in reunification of Egypt under a single ruler during the second part of the eleventh dynasty.

  1. King Psusennes I

    Description:
    Links: Top 100 Golden Artifacts, Sculptures, Top 100 Egyptian Sculptures, Top Ten Pharaohs, Top 100 Symbols,
  2. Sarcophagus

    Description:
    Links: Top Ten Sarcophagi, 
  3. Golden Statues

    Description:
    Links: Top 100 Golden Artifacts,
  4. Relief

    Description:
    Links: Relieves and Petroglyphs, Top Ten African RelievesTop Ten Egyptian Relieves,
  5. Relief

    Description:
    Links: Relieves and Petroglyphs, Top Ten African RelievesTop Ten Egyptian Relieves,
  6. Stele of Intef and Shenetsetji

           This sunk limestone relief of Intef and Shenetsetji, amazingly still has color preserved on the figures. The stele depicts a man standing with his wife facing right towards a small group of offerings. The man is wearing a pointed kilt and three necklaces, and holds a staff and scepter. The woman wears a long, straight dress, collar, and wig without a lappet , and holds her husband’s hand. The text  on the stele reads “Am offering which [the king] gives, (and) Anubis (and) Osiris, lord of Busiris in all his beautiful places: invocation offerings of bread and beer for the hereditary noble, count, overseer of the temple and master of secrets of the god’s sealer in the at-Hnkt, the venerated Intef. His wife, his beloved, the priestess of Hathor and sole royal ornament, Shenetsetji.”
    Links: Top Ten Stelae, Top Ten African Stelae, Top Ten Egyptian Stelae, http://www.mfa.org/collections/search_art.asp?recview=true&id=146115,
  7. Relief

    Description:
    Links: Relieves and Petroglyphs, Top Ten African RelievesTop Ten Egyptian Relieves,
  8. Links: Artifacts, Top 100 African Artifacts, Top 100 Egyptian Artifactshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Intermediate_Period_of_Egypt,

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