Top Ten Kingdom of Benin Artifacts

Top Ten Kingdom of Benin Artifacts

The Benin Empire (1440–1897) was a pre-colonial African state in what is now modern Nigeria. It should not be confused with the modern-day country called Benin, formerly called Dahomey.

  1. Edo Ivory Mask

    Description:
    Links: Top 100 Masks,
  2. Relief

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    Links:
  3. The Oba of Benin with attendants and Europeans

           The Oba of Benin, or Omo N’Oba, is the oba or king of the Edo people, and formerly the Benin Kingdom from 1180 until 1897. ‘Oba’ means king or ruler. The Edo or Benin homeland (not to be confused with the modern day country of the Republic of Benin, which was formerly known as Dahomey) has and continues to be most significantly populated by the Edo, also known as the Bini or Benin ethnic group. The title of ‘oba’ was created by Oba Eweka the Great, the kingdom’s first ‘Oba.’ The current capital is Benin City in modern day Nigeria. In 1897, the British ‘Punitive Expedition’ sacked Benin City and exiled Oba Ovonramwen, taking control of the area in order to establish the British colony of Nigeria. The expedition was mounted to avenge the killing of an official British delegation in 1896. The expedition consisted of indigenous soldiers and British officers. To cover the cost of the expedition, the Benin royal art was auctioned off by the British. The Oba was captured and eventually exiled until his death in 1914. The present Oba, Erediauwa I, is the 39th Oba of the dynasty.
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  4. Benin Kings

    Description:
    Links: Top Ten Kings,
  5. Warrior Flanked by Two Shieldbearers

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  6. Benin Instrument

    Description:
    Links: Top Ten Instruments, Top Ten Historical Instruments,
  7. Baoule Anklet

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  8. Igbo Ukwu Bust (9th Century)

    Description:
    Links: Top 100 Busts,
  9. Benin Sword

    Description:
    Links: Top Ten Swords, Top Ten Weapons,
  10. Edo Salt Cellar

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    Links:
  11. Links: Artifacts, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benin_bronzes, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benin_art,