Top Ten Meroe Artifacts

Top Ten Meroe Artifacts

       Meroë is an ancient city on the east bank of the Nile about 6 km north-east of the Kabushiya station near Shendi, Sudan, approximately 200 km north-east of Khartoum. Near the site are a group of villages called Bagrawiyah. This city was the capital of the Kingdom of Kush for several centuries. The Kushitic Kingdom of Meroë gave its name to the Island of Meroë, which was the modern region of Butana, a region bounded by the Nile (from the Atbarah River to Khartoum), the Atbarah, and the Blue Nile. The city of Meroë was on the edge of Butana and there were two other Meroitic cities in Butana, Musawwarat es-Sufra, and Naqa. The site of the city of Meroë is marked by more than 200 pyramids in three groups, of which many are in ruins. They are identified as Nubian pyramids because of their distinctive size and proportions.

  1. Wall of Meroe Pyramid Chapel Amanitenmomide

    Links: Pyramids, Top Ten African Pyramids, Top Ten Egyptian Pyramids,
  2. Sudan Meroe Pyramids Ornament

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  3. Statue Depicting Queen Shanakdakhete of Meroe

           Statue of Queen Shanakdakhete (170-150 BCE) ruling queen of Kush, and a male member of her family giving her royal power. Her name is carved in a ruined temple where the earliest inscriptions in Meroitic hieroglyphic writing are found. Her pyramid at Meroe is one of the largest ever built for a Kushite ruler. It has a unique chapel with two rooms and two pylons. The chapel is among the most elaborately carved of any known. The scenes in the chapel show military campaigns to the south and the capture of numerous cattle and prisoners.
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  4. Bajrawiya Relief

           This relief is located in Bajrawiya, on the Pyramids of Meroe, now the Sudan in northeast Africa.
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  5. Red Sandstone Relief from the Pyramid Chapel of Queen Shanakdakhete

           This wall comes from one of the small steep-sided pyramids with chapels in which the rulers were buried. It was probably that of Queen Shanakdakhete, the first female ruler. She appears here enthroned with a prince and protected by a winged Isis. In front of her are rows of offering bearers and also scenes of rituals including the judgment of the queen before Osiris. The term ‘Kush’ or ‘Kushite’ refers to the Nubian ruling powers, who were buried at el-Kurru, Nuri, Gebel Barkal and Meroe. The royal cemetery at Meroe has been given the name ‘Meroitic’ signifying the later stages of rule by the Kushite kings. The Meroitic script has been deciphered, but the language is still not fully understood. This relief now resides in the British Museum.
    Links: Relieves and Petroglyphs, Top Ten African Relieves, Top Ten Queens,,
  6. Mounted Female Warrior Vessel

           Vessel, found at Meroë, made in the shape of a mounted female warrior by the Athenian Greek potter Sotades about 425 BC. It was found in the pyramid chapel of a Meroitic prince, who may have died about 50 years later.
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