Top Ten Nubian Artifacts

Top Ten Nubian Artifacts

       Ancient kingdom of Nubia in today’s northern Sudan whose rulers conquered southern Egyptin the 8th century BC and established a capital at Napata. From around 730 to 671 BC they ruled over entire Egypt after King Piankhi conquered the rest of Egypt. He had been Cushite ruler since around 751 BC. His son and the second king of the 25th dynasty, Taharka, lost against the Assyrians in 671 but continued to rule until 664 BC. In the 6th century BC the Cushites were forced to move their capital to Meroe where the kingdom flourished until around 350 AD when it was defeated and overrun by the Ethiopians.

  1. Golden Winged Isis Pectoral (538-519 BC)

           Napatan Period, reign of Amaninatakelebte, about 538-519 B.C., Sudan, Nubia, (Nuri), Gold, Width: 16.8 cm (6 5/8 in.) Chased gold pectoral representing the winged goddess Isis, shown kneeling with wings outstretched. In her right hand, she holds an ankh, the symbol for “life”; in her left hand she holds what may be the hieroglyph for a sail, the symbol for the breath of life. On her head is a throne, the hieroglyph for her name. From Nuri, Pyramid 10. 1916: excavated by the Harvard University-Museum of Fine Arts Expedition; 1920: assigned to the MFA by the division of finds with the Sudanese government.
    Links: Top 100 Golden Artifacts, Top Ten Egyptian Gods,
  2. Hathor Headed Crystal Pendant (747-716 BC)

           Napatan Period, reign of Piye, 747-716 B.C., Gold; rock crystal, Height: 2 1/8 inches, Crystal ball, surmounted by gold head of Hathor crowned with disc and horns. The ball is bored vertically and has a gold disc at the base on which it stands. Ring at back of head. Base loose. From El-Kurru, Tum 1. 1918-19: excavated by the Harvard University-Museum of Fine Arts Expedition; 1921: assigned to the MFA by the division of finds with the Sudanese government.
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  3. Nubian Royal Crown

    Description:
    Links: Top Ten Crowns,
  4. Nubian Statues

    Description:
    Links: Sculptures, Top 100 African SculpturesTop 100 Egyptian Sculptures,
  5. Bracelet with Image of Hathor (100 BC)

           Meroitic Period, about 100 B.C., Sudan, Nubia, (Gebel Barkal) Gold, enamel, Height x length: 1.8 x 12.5 cm (11/16 x 4 15/16 in.), Hinged bracelet of gold with enamel decoration showing a seated figure of the goddess Hathor and geometrical pattern; two hinges; loop on each end., From Gebel Barkal, Pyramid VIII April 1916: excavated by the Harvard University-Museum of Fine Arts Expedition; 1920: assigned to the MFA by the government of the Sudan.
    Links: Top Ten Ancient Bracelets, Top Ten Pieces of Ancient Jewelry,
  6. Amulet of a Winged Goddess (700-250 BC)

           Napatan Period, 700-250 B.C., Faience, Blue glazed faience. Steatopagous winged female figure wearing horn-disc-feather crown and with a crowned uraeus over each arm. The back bears a debased hieroglyphic inscription. From El-Kurru, tomb Ku. 51.1919: excavated by the Harvard University-Museum of Fine Arts Expedition, March 1919; 1924: assigned to the MFA by the government of the Sudan.
    Links: Top Ten Amulets,
  7. Red Granite Sphinx

    Description:
    Links: Top Ten Sphinx Statues,
  8. Painting

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  9. Head of God Imseti from Canopic Jar of King Tanutamani (664-653 BC)

           This canopic jar head of the god Imseti is from the Napatan Period (664-653 BC) and contained the remnants of the King Tanutamani. It was found in the El-Kurru Pyramid in the Sudan in 1919 by the Harvard University-Museum of Fine Arts Expedition and belonged to the Nubian Empire, (el-Kurru). It is made of alabaster and measures 17.7 cm (6 15/16 in.) in height. The piece currently resides with the Sudanese government.
    Links: Top Ten Canopic Jars,
  10. Ear Stud with Kneeling Hathor (30-170 AD)

           Meroitic Period, A.D. 30-170, Gold, enamel, Diameter: 4.1 cm (1 5/8 in.), The kneeling winged goddess wears a feathered garment that leaves the torso exposed. The breasts are supported by her hands, and the double crown surmounts the vulture diadem. As on the stela of Amanikhabale (cat. 290), a bundle of plants behind the goddess reaches up to the crown. The reverse bears a mirror-image representation. The decoration of the rim is identical to the stud in cat. 373. (Sudan catalogue) Gold. In center kneeling winged female figure with crown, from which hangs a tassel; surrounded by enamel inlay. Outer edge decorated with flowers and buds. From Meroe, Tomb Beg. W 127. February, 1922: excavated by the Harvard University-Museum of Fine Arts Expedition; 1924: assigned to the MFA by the government of the Sudan.
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  11. Nubian Sculptures

    Description:
    Links: http://egyptsites.wordpress.com/2009/01/31/the-nubian-museum/,
  12. Bonus: Paintings Depicting Nubians

    Description:
    Links: Paintings, Top 100 African Paintings,
  13. Bonus: Tiles Depicting Nubians

           This tiles which were found in the tomb of Seti depict Nubians and illustrate the attire worn by the people of the Nubian Empire.
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  14. Bonus: Two Nubian Ambassadors

    Description:
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  15. Bonus: Relief Depicting Nubian Slaves

           This relief found at the Great Temple, Abu Simbel, Egypt depicts Nubian slaves.
    Links: Relieves and Petroglyphs, Top Ten African Relieves, Top Ten Egyptian Relieves,
  16. Bonus: Nubian Archers

           Nubian archers found in the tomb of Mesehti, a prince from the region of Assiut from the Middle Dynasty around 2,000 BC.
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  17. Links: Artifacts, Top 100 African Artifacts,