Top Ten Majapahit Artifacts

Top Ten Majapahit Artifacts

 

       Majapahit was a vast thalassocratic archipelagic empire based on the island of Java (modern-day Indonesia) from 1293 to around 1500. Majapahit reached its peak of glory during the era of Hayam Wuruk, whose reign from 1350 to 1389 marked by conquest which extended through Southeast Asia. His achievement is also credited to his prime minister, Gajah Mada. According to the Nagarakretagama (Desawarñana) written in 1365, Majapahit was an empire of 98 tributaries, stretching from Sumatra to New Guinea; consisting of present day Indonesia, Singapore, Malaysia, Brunei, southern Thailand, the Philippines, and East Timor, although the true nature of Majapahit sphere of influence is still the subject of studies among historians. Majapahit was one of the last major empires of the region and is considered to be one of the greatest and most powerful empires in the history of Indonesia and Southeast Asia, one that is sometimes seen as the precedent for Indonesia’s modern boundaries.

  1. Gold Statue of Indic Goddess

    Found in 1917 in a Mindanao riverbank, the Image is a 4.5 pound, 21-karat gold statue of an Indic goddess. It was originally identified as Hindu, but Prof. Juan Francisco argued that Hindu goddesses were rarely in cast in gold, and they were usually depicted standing, not seated in the lotus position as this was. He consequently proposed that the image was a Tara of Mahayana Buddhism, dating back to the Indo-Javanese Madjapahit Empire.
    Links: Top 100 Gold ArtifactsTop Ten Hindu Deities, Sculptures, Top 100 Asian Sculptures, http://ericflo.blogspot.com/2007/03/opium-vivien-tan_11.html,
  2. Golden Celestial Apsara

    Description:
    Links: Top 100 Gold Artifacts, Sculptures, Top 100 Asian Sculptures,
  3. Surya Majapahit Coat of Arms Emblem Stone

    Surya Majapahit’ or ‘The Sun of Majapahit’ is the emblem common found in temples and ruins dated from Majapahit era. Some scholars suggested that this sun disc was the royal emblem of Majapahit, probably functioned as the coat of arms of the Majapahit Empire. The sun disk is stylized with carved ray of light; surrounded by eight Lokapala gods, the eight Hindu gods that guarded eight cardinal points of the universe. There’s other version of Majapahit’s Sun, such as sun disc with sun god Surya riding a celestial horse or chariot, to just a simple sun disc with stylized ray of light.
    Links: Top Ten Coat of Arms,
  4. Statue of Harihara

    The statue of Harihara, the god combination of Shiva and Vishnu. It was the mortuary deified portrayal of Kertarajasa. Originally located at Candi Simping, Blitar and the statue is now preserved at National Museum of Indonesia.
    Links: Sculptures, Top 100 Asian Sculptures,
  5. Statue

    Description:
    Links: Sculptures, Top 100 Asian Sculptures,
  6. Door Guardian Statues (14th Century)

    Description: Pair of door guardians from a temple, Eastern Java, 14th century (Museum of Asian Art, San Francisco)
    Links: Sculptures, Top 100 Asian Sculptures,
  7. Strange Statue Head

    Description:
    Links: Top 100 Busts, Sculptures, Top 100 Asian Sculptures,
  8. Piggy Bank (14th-15th Century AD)

    Description:
    Links:
  9. Links: Artifacts, Top Ten Indian Attractions, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Majapahit