Top Ten Piri Reis Maps

Top Ten Piri Reis Maps

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       Piri Reis was an Ottoman admiral, geographer and cartographer born between 1465 and 1470 and died in 1554 or 1555. He is primarily known today for his maps and charts collected in his Kitab-ı Bahriye (Book of Navigation), a book which contains detailed information on navigation, as well as very accurate charts (for its time) describing the important ports and cities of the Mediterranean Sea. He gained fame as a cartographer when a small part of his first world map (prepared in 1513) was discovered in 1929 at the Topkapı Palace in Istanbul. His world map is the oldest known Turkish atlas showing the New World, and one of the oldest maps of America still in existence in the world (the oldest known map of America that is still in existence is the map drawn by Juan de la Cosa in 1500, which is conserved in the Naval Museum (Museo Naval) of Madrid, Spain). Piri Reis’ map is centered on the Sahara at the latitude of the Tropic of Cancer. In 1528 Piri Reis drew a second world map, of which a small fragment (showing Greenland and North America from Labrador and Newfoundland in the north to Florida, Cuba and parts of Central America in the south) still survives. According to his imprinting text, he had drawn his maps using about twenty foreign charts and mappae mundi (Arab, Spanish, Portuguese, Chinese, Indian and Greek) including one of Christopher Columbus.

  1. Piri Reis World Map (1513 AD)
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    The legendary Piri-Reis map of 1513 is believed to be the oldest map of America (the Vinland map may be older but only shows a part of North America). The Piri Reis map shows North America, South America, and Africa. Piri Reis was a famous admiral of the Turkish fleet in the sixteenth century. His passion was cartography and was always on the lookout for new maps and other such documents. In 1513 a map had been commissioned by him. Piri Reis was high rank within the Turkish navy which allowed him to have a privileged access to the Imperial Library of Constantinople. He was considered an expert on Mediterranean lands and coastlines, and he even wrote a famous sailing book called Kitabi Bahriye where he described all the details of coastlines, harbors, currents, shallows, bays and straits of the Mediterranean and Aegean seas. He died in 1554 or 1555 being beheaded for unknown reasons.
    Links: Top Ten Ancient Maps, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Piri_Reis_map,
  2. Antartica Piri Reis Map
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  3. Second World Map
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  4. Map of Europe, the Near East and North Africa in the Kitab-ı Bahriye (Book of Navigation)
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  5. Cyprus
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  6. Sicily
    8
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    Links: Top Ten Italian Attractions,
  7. Rhodes
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  8. Corsica
    10
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    Links: Top Ten French Attractions, Islands,
  9. Tunis
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  10. Alanya
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  11. Majorca and Minorca
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  12. Tripoli
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  13. South Turkey
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    Links: Top Ten Turkish Attractions,
  14. Cape Bozburun
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  15. Links: Top 100 MapsSculptures,