Top Ten North American Relieves

Top Ten North American Relieves

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  1. Aztec Sun Stone
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    The Aztec calendar stone, Mexica sun stone, Stone of the Sun, or Stone of the Five Eras, is a large monolithic sculpture that was excavated in the Zócalo, the main square of Mexico City, on December 17, 1790. It was discovered while Mexico City Cathedral was being repaired. The stone is approximately 12 feet (3.7 m) across and weighs approximately 24 tons.
    Links: Top Ten Aztec Artifacts, Top Ten Rocks/Stones, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aztec_calendar_stone,
  2. Yaxchilán Relieves
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           Yaxchilan (also sometimes historically referred to by the names Menché and City Lorillard) is an ancient Maya city located on the bank of the Usumacinta River in what is now the state of Chiapas, Mexico. In the Late Classic Period Yaxchilan was one of the most powerful Maya states along the course of the Usumacinta, with Piedras Negras as its major rival. Architectural styles in subordinate sites in the Usumacinta region demonstrate clear differences that mark a clear boundary between the two kingdoms. Yaxchilan was a large center, important throughout the Classic era and the dominant power of the Usumacinta River area. It dominated such smaller sites as Bonampak, and had a long rivalry with Piedras Negras and at least for a time with Tikal; it was a rival of Palenque, with which Yaxchilan warred in 654. The site is particularly known for its well-preserved sculptured stone lintels set above the doorways of the main structures. These lintels, together with the stele erected before the major buildings, contain hieroglyphic texts describing the dynastic history of the city. The ancient name for the city was probably Pa’ Chan. Yaxchilan means “green stones” in Maya.
    Links: Top Ten Mexican Attractions, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yaxchil%C3%A1n,
  3. Mayan Volcanic Explosion Relief

    This Mayan relief depicts the explosion of a volcano and a man and women fleeing from the situation. Some speculate that this scene could be reminiscent of the Atlantean disaster.
    Links: Top 100 Mayan Artifacts,
  4. Mayan Tablet of the Sun

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    Links: Top 100 Mayan Artifacts,
  5. Palenque Relieves, Mexico
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           Palenque (Bàak’ in Modern Maya) was a Maya city state in southern Mexico that flourished in the 7th century. The Palenque ruins date back to 100 BC to its fall around 800 AD. After its decline it was absorbed into the jungle, which is made up of cedar, mahogany, and sapodilla trees, but has been excavated and restored and is now a famous archaeological site attracting thousands of visitors. It is located near the Usumacinta River in the Mexican state of Chiapas, located about 130 km (81 mi) south of Ciudad del Carmen about 150 m above sea-level. Palenque is a medium-sized site, much smaller than such huge sites as Tikal or Copán, but it contains some of the finest architecture, sculpture, roof comb and bas-relief carvings that the Mayas produced. Much of the history of Palenque has been reconstructed from reading the hieroglyphic inscriptions on the many monuments; historians now have a long sequence of the ruling dynasty of Palenque in the 7th century and extensive knowledge of the city-state’s rivalry with other states such as Calakmul and Toniná. The most famous ruler of Palenque was Pacal the Great whose tomb has been found and excavated in the Temple of the Inscriptions. By 2005, the discovered area covered up to 2.5 km² (1 square mi), but it is estimated that less than 10% of the total area of the city is explored, leaving more than a thousand structures still covered by jungle.
    Links: Top Ten Mexican Attractions,
  6. El Tajín
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    Links: Top Ten Mexican Attractions,
  7. Robert Gould Shaw Memorial, Boston, USA (1897)

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  8. Wood Lintel Celebrating Military Victry of Yik’in Chan K’awiil

           The elaborately carved wooden Lintel 3 from Temple IV. It celebrates a military victory by Yik’in Chan K’awiil in 743.
    Links: National Parks, Top Ten North American Parkshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tikal_National_Park,
  9. Olmec Relief at La Venta Park, Villahermosa, Mexico

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  10. Mayan Relieves
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  11. Mayan Relieves
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  12. Mayan Relieves
    maya_relief_by_renemarcel27-d46elkzMayan relief sculpture with Lady Balam-Ix and Bird Jaguar IVMayan-Relief-of-Shield-Jaguar-and-Lady-Xoc
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  13. Mayan Relief
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  14. Mayan Relieves
    yaxchilanPre-Columbian_collection,_Dumbarton_Oaks,_Mayan_reliefStele51CalakmulMuseum
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  15. Aztec Plumed Serpent Relief

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  16. Relief of Pacal the Great

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    Links: Relieves and Petroglyphs, 
  17. Links: Relieves and Petroglyphs,