Top 100 Gold Artifacts

Top 100 Gold Artifacts

  1. King Tutankhamen’s Tomb, Coffin and Burial Mask

    Description:
    Links: Top 100 Egyptian Artifacts, Top 100 African Artifacts, Top Ten KingsTop Ten Archeologists,
  2. Gold Buddha

    This beautiful gold statue of Buddha is located in Thailand.
    Links: Top Ten Statues of Buddha, Top Ten Thai Attractions, 
  3. Moche Effigy Figurine

    Description:
    Links: Top Moche Artifacts, 
  4. The Golden Larnax

           The Golden Larnax, housed at the Museum of Vergina, quite possibly contains the remains of King Philip II.
    Links: Top Ten KingsTop Ten Tombs,
  5. Pectoral

    Description:
    Links: Top Ten Scythian Artifacts, Top Ten PectoralsTop Ten Ancient Necklaces,
  6. Gold Crown and Necklace (1300 AD)

           This gold apparel can be seen at the Larco Museum in Lima, Perú.
    Links: Top Ten Chimu Artifacts, Top Ten Crowns, 
  7. King Tut’s Throne

    Description:
    Links: Top 100 Egyptian ArtifactsTop 100 African Artifacts, Top Ten Pharaohs, Top Ten Kings, Top Ten Thrones, 
  8. Panagyuriste Treasure of Bulgaria
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           On the 8th of December 1949 three brothers, Pavel, Petko and Michail Deikovi worked together at the region of “Merul” tile factory near Panagyurishte. When processing a new layer of clay they came across unusual glossy objects. What they uncovered was the Panagyuriste treasure, a spectacular perfectly made Thracian treasure, one of the most famous treasures in the world. It consists of a phial, an amphora and seven rhytons with total weight of 6,164 kg of pure gold. All of the objects are richly decorated with scenes of the Thracian myths, customs and life. It is dated from the 4th-3rd centuries BC.
    Links: Top Ten Vases, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Panagyurishte_treasure,
  9. Moche Sea Goddess Headress (700 AD)

    This Moche sea god headdress dates to 700 AD.
    Links: Top Ten Moche Artifacts, Top 100 Masks,
  10. Vajrabhairava Mandala (1403-1424 AD)

           Chinese emperors lavished costly gifts on Tibetan high lamas. This one, made during the Ming dynasty, is fantastic both in its amazing detail, and also in its Buddhist subject. The upper part of the object unfolds, like a lotus blooming, to reveal the wrathful deity Vajrabhairava and his entourage. The figures are arranged to form a mandala, or mystic diagram of the universe, as envisioned by Buddhists. Chinese emperors exchanged gifts with Tibetan lamas to maintain cordial political relations and also to celebrate a shared religion, as many emperors practiced the Tibetan style of Buddhism.
    Links: Top 100 Mandalas,
  11. Skullcup (Kapala) (19th Century AD)

           A human skull rests on a mount of pure gold, embellished with turquoise. During a sacred ceremony, the elaborately decorated lid was removed and the skull – perhaps lined in gold – became a crucible. Inside, symbols of ordinary life were placed, heated, and transformed as part of an elaborate ritual enacted to help the initiates visualize the conversion of ordinary life and death into the path of enlightenment. This skull, given the elaborate mount of costly materials, undoubtedly belonged to a high-ranking lama, whose spiritual status lent special importance to this ritual object.
    Links: Top Ten Tibetan/Nepali Artifacts, Top Ten Chalices/Cups, Top Ten SkullsTop Ten Human Skulls,
  12. Golden Sumerian Helmet

    Description:
    Links: Top 100 Sumerian Artifacts, Top Ten Helmets,
  13. King Tutankhamen’s Golden Burial Dagger

    Description:
    Links: Top 100 Egyptian ArtifactsTop Ten Daggers/Knives, 
  14. Lambayeque Gold Cups (9th-11th Century)
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           These gold Lambayeque cups currently reside at the Metropolitan Museum of art in New York.
    Links: Top Ten Lambayeque Artifacts, 
  15. Kalardasht Gold Cup

    Description:
    Links: Top Ten Achaemenid Empire/Medo-Persian Empire Artifacts, Top Ten Big Cats,
  16. Two Dragons Presenting a Heart-Shaped Amber (1647-1658)

           Two dragons presenting a heart-shaped amber, buried 1647-1658.
    Links: Top Ten Ming Dynasty Artifacts,
  17. Muisca Gold Raft

    The Muisca Gold Raft is part of the El Dorado legend and tales of immense offerings of gold.
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  18. King Psusennes I

    Description:
    Links: The Pineal Gland, Sun Gazing, DMT and OM, Sculptures, Top 100 Egyptian SculpturesTop Ten Pharaohs, Top 100 Symbols,
  19. Kings with Dragons Earrings

    These earrings known as the “Kings with dragons” were found at Tillia tepe.
    Links: Top Ten Scythian Artifacts,
  20. Gold Statuette of Amun

    The god Amun (“the hidden one”) first came into prominence at the beginning of the Middle Kingdom. From the New Kingdom onward, Amun was arguably the most important god in the Egyptian pantheon. As a creator god, Amun is most often identified as Amun-Re (in the typical Egyptian blending of deities, Amun is combined with Re, the principal solar god). His main sanctuary was the immense temple complex at Karnak on the east bank of the Nile at the southern edge of modern Luxor. In this small representation, Amun stands in the traditional pose with the left leg forward. He is identified by his characteristic flat-topped crown, which originally supported two tall gold feathers, now missing. He wears the gods’ braided beard with a curled tip and carries an ankh (“life”) emblem in his left hand and a scimitar across his chest. On pylons and temple walls of the New Kingdom, Amun-Re is often depicted presenting a scimitar to the king, thus conferring on him military victory. This statuette, cast in solid gold, is an extremely rare example of the sculpture made of precious materials that, according to ancient descriptions, filled the sanctuaries of temples. The figure could have been mounted on top of a ceremonial scepter or standard. If traces on the back are rightly interpreted, it was fitted with a loop that could have been employed for attachment, even possibly to an elaborate necklace. For the Egyptians, the color of gold and the sheen of its surface were associated with the sun, and the skin of gods was supposed to be made of gold. The soft modeling of the torso, the narrow waist, and the facial features are typical of the art of the Third Intermediate Period. This era marks the decline of centralized power in Egypt, but it is also a time of great artistic achievement. Works in metal (gold, silver, and, above all, bronze) reached especially high levels, as attested by the Museum’s statuette.
    Links: Top 100 Egyptian ArtifactsTop Ten Egyptian Artifacts (Third Intermediate Period),
  21. The Golden Comb

    Description:
    Links: Top Ten Scythian Artifacts, 
  22. Ecuadoran Gold Pyramid with Sun at the Top and Writing Example

    Father Carlos Crespi was a Silesian-monk who lived in Ecuador. He did missionary work among the Indian population in remote valleys during his lifetime and received or bought many artifacts from the indigenous people in Ecuador. These are supposedly two of them.
    Links: Top Ten Ecuadoran Artifacts,
  23. Scythian Gold Bongs
    3104896320scythian-gold-bong01 Solid gold bong - Aryan Kings
    Discovered in a mass grave in the Caucasus Mountains of southern Russia these two gold bongs were traced back to the Scythians who ruled the surrounding area between the 9th century BC and 4th century AD.
    Links: Top Ten Drug Related Artifacts, Top Ten Scythian Artifacts, 
  24. Tairona Pendant, Northern Andes (1000-1400 AD)

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  25. Ancient Classical Greek Headpiece

    Description:
    Links: Top 100 Greek Artifacts, Top Ten Classical Greek Artifacts,
  26. Mayan Sun Ray Crown

    Description:
    Links: Top 100 Mayan Artifacts, Top Ten Crowns,
  27. Gold Helmet (Museo del Oro) (500-700 BC)

    Description:
    Links: Top Ten Helmets,
  28. Golden Rhyton

    Description:
    Links: Top Ten Achaemenid Empire Artifacts, 
  29. Gold Statue of Avalokiteçvara

    The graceful gold coated bronze statue of four handed Avalokiteçvara in Malayu-Srivijayan style, discovered at Rataukapastuo, Muarabulia.
    Links: Top Srivijaya Artifacts, Sculptures, Top 100 Asian Sculptures,
  30. Golden Winged Isis Pectoral (538-519 BC)

    Napatan Period, reign of Amaninatakelebte, about 538-519 B.C., Sudan, Nubia, (Nuri), Gold, Width: 16.8 cm (6 5/8 in.) Chased gold pectoral representing the winged goddess Isis, shown kneeling with wings outstretched. In her right hand, she holds an ankh, the symbol for “life”; in her left hand she holds what may be the hieroglyph for a sail, the symbol for the breath of life. On her head is a throne, the hieroglyph for her name. From Nuri, Pyramid 10. 1916: excavated by the Harvard University-Museum of Fine Arts Expedition; 1920: assigned to the MFA by the division of finds with the Sudanese government.
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  31. Scythian Necklaces (1st Century)

    Description:
    Links: Top Ten Scythian Artifacts, Top Ten Ancient NecklacesTop 100 Necklaces,
  32. Golden Ram Ornament

    Description:
    Links: Top Ten Ancient Afghani Artifacts, 
  33. “Eternal Territorial Integrity” Gold Cup with Jewel Inlay, Ming Dynasty (18th Century)

    This gold cup is one of the best both in design and in craftsmanship and was made especially for use by the emperor. The cup, in the shape of a round tripod, has a straight mouth rim with a band of rectangular spiral patterns around it. The four characters for “Eternal Territorial Integrity” are carved on one side of the cup, and the four characters for “Made in the Qianlong reign” on the other side. Rosette designs cover the entire outside surface of the cup with the pistils inlaid with pearls, ruby, sapphire and other jewels. The two handles are shaped as stylized dragons with pearls inlaid on the dragon heads. The three legs are in the shape of elephant heads with small ears, long tusks and curled trunks. The foreheads and eyes of the elephants are inlaid with jewels
    Links: Top Ten Ming Dynasty Artifacts,
  34. Gold Statue of Indic Goddess, Majapahit Empire

    Found in 1917 in a Mindanao riverbank, the Image is a 4.5 pound, 21-karat gold statue of an Indic goddess. It was originally identified as Hindu, but Prof. Juan Francisco argued that Hindu goddesses were rarely in cast in gold, and they were usually depicted standing, not seated in the lotus position as this was. He consequently proposed that the image was a Tara of Mahayana Buddhism, dating back to the Indo-Javanese Madjapahit Empire.
    Links: Top Ten Madjapahit Empire Artifacts, http://ericflo.blogspot.com/2007/03/opium-vivien-tan_11.html
  35. Golden Celestial Apsara

    Description:
    Links: Top Ten Majapahit Artifacts, Sculptures, Top 100 Asian Sculptures,
  36. Scythian Royal Crown

    This is a royal crown found at Tillia tepe.
    Links: Top Ten Scythian Artifacts, Top Ten Crowns,
  37. Russian Gold Crest

    Description:
    Links: Top Ten Russian Artifacts,
  38. Ceremonial Knife Used by Shamans for Offerings

    This Ceremonial Knife, which now resides in the Museo del Oro in Colombia, was once used by shamans in sacrificial offerings.
    Links: Museums and Galleries, Top Ten South American Museums, Top Ten Colombian Attractions,
  39. Gold Cup
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    Description:
    Links: Top Ten Chimu Artifacts, Top Chalices/Cups, 
  40. Gold Knife

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    Links: Top Ten Knives/Daggers,
  41. Janus Gold Chalice (3rd or 4th Century BC)
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    Description:
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  42. Golden Rhyton from Ecbatana Tehran

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    Links: Top Ten Chalices/Cups, Top Ten Achaemenid Empire Artifacts,
  43. The Sumerian Crown and Jewels of Queen Pu-abi

           This is a headdress from the tomb of Queen Pu-abi in the Royal Tombs of Ur. It was worn by one of the women who was sacrificed to serve the Queen in the afterlife.
    Links: Top 100 Sumerian Artifacts, Top Ten Crown JewelsTop Ten Crowns, 
  44. Moche Gold Figure with Sacriicial Knife and Head
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    This is a gold Mochica figure with sacrificial knife and head from the Gold Museum of Peru in Lima.
    Links: Top Ten Moche Artifacts,
  45. Chimu Headband with Feather (1370-1470 AD)

           This hammered gold headband with feather dates back to 1370-­1470 AD and is currently part of the Dumbarton Oaks Collection.
    Links: Top Ten Chimu Artifacts,
  46. Gold Bracelet

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    Links: Top Ten Pieces of Ancient JewelryTop Ten Achaemenid Empire Artifacts, 
  47. Bracelet (1st Century)

           These bracelets adorned with antelopes were found in a tomb in Tillia Tepe and currently reside in the Afghanistan National Museum.
    Links: Top Ten Ancient Afghani Artifacts, Top Ten Ancient BraceletsTop Ten Pieces of Ancient Jewelry
  48. Celtic Stater

    Somewhere between cave art and Picasso there was a Celtic engraver who should be honored among the best. Truly Remarkable.
    Links: Coins, Top 100 Coins, Top 100 European Coins, Top Ten Gold Coins,
  49. Gold Bracelet

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  50. Lambeyeque Funerary Mask (10th-11th Century AD)

    Many Andean peoples placed masks as false faces on the mummy bundles of important individuals. Depending on the status and wealth of the deceased, the masks could be of wood, ceramic, or cloth; those of the most powerful were of gold and silver. This mask comes from the northern La Leche River valley, where a succession of powerful rulers amassed prodigious amounts of wealth in metal objects. Recently, archaeologists discovered a royal burial at the presumed ceremonial and funerary center of the Sicán culture, Batán Grande. The main personage’s face was covered by a sheet-gold mask similar to the present example. It was painted with bright red cinnabar and embellished with nose and ear ornaments and dangles. In some South American countries today, red is thought to have protective qualities. Perhaps the mask’s red pigment was meant to protect the deceased in the afterlife. Poorly understood features on Sicán burial masks are the skewer-like projections from the pupils of the eyes. They may symbolize a penetrating gaze. This Lambayeque funerary mask currently resides in the Metropolitan Museum of art in New York.
    Links: Top Ten Lambeyeque Artifacts,
  51. Lambeyeque Mask

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    Links: Top Ten Lambeyeque Artifacts,
  52. Gold Chariot and Other Gold Artifacts from the Oxus Treasure

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  53. The Trundholm Sun Chariot (18th-16th Century  BC)

           The Trundholm sun chariot is a late Nordic Bronze Age artifact discovered in Denmark, that has been interpreted as a depiction of the sun being pulled by a mare that may have relation to later Norse mythology attested in 13th century sources.
    Links: The Universe, Top Ten Suns, Top Ten Norse Artifacts, Top Ten Chariots,  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trundholm_Sun_chariot,
  54. Golden Horns of Gallehus

           The Golden Horns of Gallehus were two horns made of sheet gold, discovered in Gallehus, north of Møgeltønder in South Jutland, Denmark. The horns date to the early 5th century, the beginning of the Germanic Iron Age. The horns were found in 1639 and 1734 at locations only some 15–20 meters apart. They were composed of segments of double sheet gold. The two horns were found incomplete, the longer one found in 1639 has seven segments with ornaments, to which six plain segments and a plain rim were added, possibly by the 17th century restaurateur. The shorter horn found in 1734 has six segments, a narrow one bearing a Proto-Norse Elder Futhark inscription at the rim and five ornamented with images. It is uncertain whether the horns were intended as drinking horns, or as blowing horns, although drinking horns have more pronounced history as luxury items made from precious metal. The original horns were stolen and melted down in 1802. Unfortunately, casts made of the horns in the late 18th century were also lost. Replicas of the horns must thus rely on 17th and 18th century drawings exclusively and are accordingly fraught with uncertainty. Nevertheless, replicas of the original horns were produced and are exhibited at the National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark and the Moesgaard Museum, near Aarhus, Denmark. These replicas also have a history of having been stolen and retrieved twice, in 1993 and in 2007.
    Links: Top Ten Historical Instruments, Top Ten Norse Artifacts, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Golden_horns_of_Gallehus
  55. Zimbabwean Gold Rhinoceros (Pre-1270)

           The fascinating remains of the ancient civilization on top of the flat-topped Mapungubwe mountain, show that it was the centre of the kingdom and exclusive domain of its royal family. The famous mountain now forms the nucleus of the Park, which is fast becoming a top wildlife and cultural safari destination in South Africa. It was also the location where the famous Gold Rhino and many other artifacts were uncovered.
    Links: Top 100 African Artifacts, Top Ten Zimbabwean Attractions, Top 100 Animals,
  56. Golden Bird

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  57. Alexander the Great Lifetime Gold Stater from Abydos

           The obverse depicts a strong and beautiful Athena, goddess of wisdom and warfare, the reverse Nike, goddess of victory, with stunning body-length wings. Reid adds: “As with all ancient gold, this coin is intrinsically radiant, speaking with a bright voice about how humankind through the ages has prized this metal above all others.
    Links: Top Ten Warriors, Top Ten War Strategists, Top Ten Generals, Coins, Top 100 Coins, Top 100 African Coins, Top 100 European Coins, Top Ten Gold Coins,
  58. Gold and Silver Death Mask (1000–1465 AD)

           This is a death mask made of gold and silver alloy with copper eyes and ears. It can be seen at the Museo Larco in Peru.
    Links: Top 100 Masks, Top Ten Chimu Artifacts,
  59. Nebra Sky Disk

    The Nebra Sky Disk is a bronze disk of around 30 cm diameter, with a blue-green patina and inlaid with gold symbols. These are interpreted generally as a sun or full moon, a lunar crescent, and stars (including a cluster interpreted as the Pleiades). Two golden arcs along the sides, marking the angle between the solstices, were added later. A final addition was another arc at the bottom surrounded with multiple strokes (of uncertain meaning, variously interpreted as a Solar Barge with numerous oars, as the Milky Way or as a rainbow). The disk is attributed to a site near Nebra, Saxony-Anhalt in Germany, and dated to circa 1600 BC. It has been associated with the Bronze Age Unetice culture. The disk is unlike any known artistic style from the period, and had initially been suspected of being a forgery, but is now widely accepted as authentic.
    Links: Top Ten Unetice Artifacts,
  60. Mycenaean Gold Funerary Masks
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    Description:
    Links: Top 100 Greek Artifacts, Top Ten Mycenaean Artifacts, Top 100 Masks,
  61. Minoan Bull’s Head with Gold Horns and Mycenaean Silver Repoussé Rhyton with Gold Horns

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    Links: Top 100 Greek Artifacts, Top Ten Minoan Artifacts, Top Ten Mycenaean Artifacts,
  62. Chimu Gold Kero Beaker

    Description:
    Links: Top Ten Chimu Artifacts, Top Ten Chalices/Cups, 
  63. Vinča Script

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    Links: Top Ten Historical Swastikas, Sacred Geometry, 
  64. Moche Gold Fan Headdress

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  65. Gold Blowgun with Zoomorph Figure

           This is a gold blowgun with zoomorph figure that resides at the Museo Larco. Blowguns…
    Links: Weapons and Armor, Top Ten South American Weapons, (Museo Larco)http://catalogomuseolarco.perucultural.org.pe/,
  66. 1849 Double Eagle $20

    The $20 gold coin shown here is the only known specimen of its kind and is among the rarest US  coins. It owes its existence, in part, to the discovery of gold in California in 1848, of which the famous Sutter’s Mill discovery was but the beginning. The California Gold Rush created a steady flow of gold, part of which reached the United States Mint in Philadelphia. Instead of striking gold in traditional $10 pieces, the Mint decided to also issue larger denominations. In February 1849, Congress authorized the striking of $20 gold coins, which were created by the very talented Chief-Engraver James Barton Longacre. This coin is one of two trial patterns struck on March 12, 1850, even though it bears the date 1849. The second pattern has never been found. This coin inaugurated the series of gold 20 dollars, nicknamed “double eagles,” which were issued from 1850 to 1907. The term “double eagle” is derived from the fact that the $10 coin is called an “eagle”.
    Links: Coins, Top 100 Coins, Top Ten Gold Coins, Top Ten American Coins,
  67. Olmec Gold Plate Cloak

    Description:
    Links: Top Ten Olmec Artifacts,
  68. Libyan Gold Jackal (1st Century BC)

           This is a Gold Jackal found in Cyrene, Libya, which was supposedly exported from Meroe. It currently resides in the British Musuem in London.
    Links: Top Ten Libyan Attractions, 
  69. Gold Collar of Princess Khnumet

           This beautiful gold collar necklace belonged to Princess Khnumet who reigned during the twelfth dynasty Middle Kingdom. The necklace currently resides in the Egyptian Museum of Antiquities in Cairo.
    Links: Top Ten Pectorals, Top Ten Middle Kingdom Egyptian Artifacts,
  70. Gold Ring of Akhenaten

    Akhenaten, meaning “living spirit of Aten,” known before the 5th year of his reign as Amenhotep IV (sometimes given its Greek form, Amenophis IV, and meaning Amun is Satisfied), was a Pharaoh of the 18th dynasty of Egypt who ruled for 17 years and died perhaps in 1336 BC or 1334 BC. He is especially noted for abandoning traditional Egyptian polytheism and introducing worship centered on the Aten, which is sometimes described as monotheistic or henotheistic. An early inscription likens the Aten to the sun as compared to stars, and later official language avoids calling the Aten a god, giving the solar deity a status above mere gods. Akhenaten tried to bring about a departure from traditional religion, yet in the end it would not be accepted. After his death, traditional religious practice was gradually restored, and when some dozen years later rulers without clear rights of succession from the 18th Dynasty founded a new dynasty, they discredited Akhenaten and his immediate successors, referring to Akhenaten himself as “the enemy” in archival records. He was all but lost from history until the discovery, in the 19th century, of Amarna, the site of Akhetaten, the city he built for the Aten. Early excavations at Amarna by Flinders Petrie sparked interest in the enigmatic pharaoh, whose tomb was unearthed in 1907 in a dig led by Edward R. Ayrton. Interest in Akhenaten increased with the discovery in the Valley of the Kings, at Luxor, of the tomb of King Tutankhamun, who has been proved to be Akhenaten’s son according to DNA testing in 2010. A mummy found in KV55 in 1907 has been identified as that of Akhenaten. This elder man and Tutankhamun are related without question, but the identification of the KV55 mummy as Akhenaten has been questioned. Akhenaten remains an interesting figure, as does his queen, Nefertiti. Their modern interest comes partly from his connection with Tutankhamun, partly from the unique style and high quality of the pictorial arts he patronized, and partly from ongoing interest in the religion he attempted to establish.
    Links: The Pineal Gland, Sun Gazing, DMT and Om, Top Ten RingsTop Ten Pharaohs, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amenhotep_IV
  71. Flying Fish

    This gold flying fish is located in the Museo del Oro in Colombia.
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  72. Moche Earflare (3rd-7th Century AD, 2nd-3rd Century AD)

           On these technically complex condor earflares, the front plates are made of sheet gold to which repoussé silver birds are attached by small tabs. The back plates and shafts are of gilded copper and also join in this manner. The ornaments were worn in the distended lobes of the ears, the long tubular shafts counterbalancing the weight of the frontals. The birds with massive talons and strong, curved beaks adorning these earflares depict Andean condors, identified by the large caruncle (fleshy protuberance) at the base of their beaks and the wattle around their necks. Impressive birds with a wing span of up to ten feet, Andean condors inhabit the high Andes mountains above 9,000 feet. They are primarily carrion eaters, but will occasionally kill for food. Condors and vultures are highly symbolic birds and are a frequent theme in Moche art. They embellish tumis, or knives used in ritual sacrifice, and are often shown pecking at human and animal heads and bodies. Because of their eating habits, they have a natural connection with predation, death, and sacrifice. The condor earflares can be found in the Michael C. Rockefeller Memorial Collection.
    Links: Top Ten Moche Artifacts,
  73. Golden Ram in the Thicket (2,600 BC)

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    Links: Top 100 Sumerian Artifacts,
  74. Gold Canaanite Bowl

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    Links: Top Ten Canaanite Artifacts,
  75. Vessel Depicting Scythians

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    Links: Top Ten Scythian Artifacts, Top Ten Vases, 
  76. Gold Figurines of Flying Fish from South America

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  77. Moche Gold Jewelry

    Moche jewelry is very intricate and beautiful.
    Links: Top Ten Moche Artifacts,
  78. Incan Gold Figurine

    This gold figurine can be found at the Costa Rica National Gold Museum, San Jose, Costa Rica.
    Links: Top Ten Incan Artifacts,
  79. Gold Byzantine Coins

    Two rare gold coins from the reign of Emperor Valens have been unearthed in Egypt. Nevine El-Aref reports on the find. Archaeologists from the Supreme Council of Antiquities (SCA) carrying out a routine archaeological survey at Sail Al-Tofaha area, west of Saint Catherine’s Monastery in Sinai, have chanced upon two gold Byzantine coins bearing the head of Emperor Valens (364-378 AD). A number of grotto caves and fragments of clay and glass have already been found in the area.
    Links: Top Ten Byzantine Artifacts, Coins, Top 100 European Coins
  80. Incan Gold Mask

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    Links: Top Ten Incan Artifacts, Top 100 Masks,
  81. Gold Rings of Tillya Tepe

    Tillya tepe, Tillia tepe or Tillā tapa, literally “Golden Hill” or “Golden Mound,” is an archaeological site in northern Afghanistan near Sheberghan, surveyed in 1979 by a Soviet-Afghan mission of archaeologists led by Victor Sarianidi, a year before the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. The hoard is a collection of about 20,000 gold ornaments that were found in six graves (five women and one man) with extremely rich jewelry, dated to around the 1st century BC. Altogether several thousand pieces of fine jewelry were recovered, usually made of gold, turquoise and/or lapis-lazuli. The ornaments include coins, necklaces set with gems, belts, medallions and crowns. A new museum in Kabul is being planned where the Bactrian gold will eventually be kept. The heavily fortified town of Yemshi-tepe, just five km to the northeast of modern Sheberghan on the road to Akcha, is only half a km from the now-famous necropolis of Tillia-tepe.
    Links: Top Ten Necropolises, Top Ten Treasure Troves, Top Ten Rings, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tillya_Tepe,
  82. Chimu Gold Monkey Kero

           The KERO (or beaker) of beaten gold was created by the indigenous Chimú culture of northern Peru prior to its domination by the Inca in the fifteenth century. Gold was highly prized by the Peruvians and was even thought to be the congealed “tears of the gods.” The artistry required to fashion such a large container with ornate relief elements represents this culture’s highly skilled metal-working tradition. The design of the beaker is well suited to its shape. When inverted, the lower embossed band serves as a collar, and the two bands at the top become a flat cap. Several gold keros of this type bear upside-down faces. Only when empty can these beakers be placed bottom-side up to display the face of the god.
    Links: Top Ten Chimu Artifacts, 
  83. Lambeyeque Gold Mask

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    Links: Top Ten Lambeyeque Artifacts, Top 100 Masks,
  84. Byzantine Gold Wedding Ring

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    Links: Top Ten Byzantine Artifacts, Top Ten Ancient Rings,
  85. Chimu Gold Piece

           This square cast gold piece measures 5 in and resides in the American Museum Of Natural History Collection.
    Links: Top Ten Chimu Artifacts,
  86. Chimu Earflares (900-1470 AD)

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    Links: Top Ten Chimu Artifacts,
  87. Chimu  Gold Pectoral

           This is a gold Chimu pectoral, which can be found at the Museo Larco in Peru.
    Links: Top Ten Chimu Artifacts, Top Ten Peruvian Attractions, Top Ten Pectorals,
  88. Chimu Gold and Copper Tunic

    This Gold & Copper Repoussé Tunic can be seen at the National Museum Of Peru.
    Links: Top Ten Chimu Artifacts,
  89. Gold Frog

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  90. Bonus: Ark of the Covenant
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  91. Links: Artifacts, Top 100 Artifacts, Museums and Galleries, Top Ten Museums, Top Ten Treasure Troves, Museo del Oro del Colombia (Gold Museum in Colombia),

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