Top Ten Megaliths

Top Ten Megaliths
Megalithic Stones2

  1. The Unfinished Obelisk, Aswan, Egypt
    The Unfinished ObeliskThe Unfinished Obelisk1
    Although never completed due to a fracture in the top of the stone, this would have been the largest obelisk in the world, weighing in at…
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    Links: Top Ten Obelisks, Top Ten Egyptian Attractions,
  2. The Stone of the South, Baalbek, Lebanon
    Stone of the SouthStone of the South1Stone of the South2
    Baalbek is a town in the Beqaa Valley of Lebanon situated east of the Litani River. It is famous for its exquisitely detailed yet monumentally scaled temple ruins of the Roman period, when Baalbek, then known as Heliopolis, was one of the largest sanctuaries in the empire. It is Lebanon’s greatest Roman treasure, and it can be counted among the wonders of the ancient world, containing some of the largest and best preserved Roman ruins. Towering high above the Beqaa plain, their monumental proportions proclaimed the power and wealth of Imperial Rome. The gods worshiped there, the triad of Jupiter, Venus and Bacchus, were grafted onto the indigenous deities of Hadad, Atargatis and a young male god of fertility. Local influences are seen in the planning and layout of the temples, which vary from the classic Roman design. Baalbek is home to the annual Baalbeck International Festival. The town is about 85 km (53 mi) northeast of Beirut and about 75 km (47 mi) north of Damascus.
    Links: Top Ten Lebanese Attractions, Top Ten Mysterious Artifacts, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baalbeck,
  3. The Ramesseum, Egypt
    The RamesseumThe Ramesseum1
    Description:
    Links: Top Ten Egyptian Attractions, Sculptures,
  4. The Colossi of Memnon, Egypt

    Description:
    Links: Top Ten Egyptian Attractions, Sculptures,
  5. Solomon’s Temple, Israel
    Solomon’s Temple
    Description:
    Links: Top Ten Israeli Attractions, Temples,
  6. The Stellae of Axum, (Aksum) Ethiopia
    Stellae of AxumStellae of Axum1
    Description:
    Links: Top Ten Ethiopian Attractions,
  7. Temple of Sais, EgyptDescription:
    Links: Top Ten Egyptian Attractions, Temples, Top Ten Egyptian Temples,
  8. The Giza Plateau, Egypt
    The Ghiza Plateau
    Description:
    Links: Top Ten Egyptian Attractions,
  9. Le Grand Menhir Brise, Brittany, France
    Le Grand Menhir Brise
    Description:
    Links: Top Ten French Attractions,
  10. Treasury of Atreus
    Treasury of AtreusTreasury of Atreus1Treasury of Atreus2
    The Treasury of Atreus or Tomb of Agamemnon is an impressive “tholos” tomb on the Panagitsa Hill at Mycenae, Greece, constructed during the Bronze Age around 1250 BC. The lintel stone above the doorway weighs 120 tons, the largest in the world. The tomb was used for an unknown period. Mentioned by Pausanias, it was still visible in 1879 when the German archeologist Heinrich Schliemann discovered the shaft graves under the ‘agora’ in the Acropolis at Mycenae. The tomb has probably no relationship with either Atreus or Agamemnon, as archaeologists believe that the sovereign buried there ruled at an earlier date than the two; it was named thus by Heinrich Schliemann and the name has been used ever since. The tomb perhaps held the remains of the sovereign who completed the reconstruction of the fortress or one of his successors. The grave is in the style of the other tholoi of the Mycenaean World, of which there are nine in total around the citadel of Mycenae and five more in the Argolid. However, in its monumental shape and grandeur it is one of the most impressive monuments surviving from Mycenaean Greece. It is formed of a semi-subterranean room of circular plan, with a corbel arch covering that is ogival in section. With an interior height of 13.5m and a diameter of 14.5m, it was the tallest and widest dome in the world for over a thousand years until construction of the Temple of Hermes in Baiae and the Pantheon in Rome. Great care was taken in the positioning of the enormous stones, to guarantee the vault’s stability over time in bearing the force of compression from its own weight. This obtained a perfectly smoothed internal surface, onto which could be placed gold, silver and bronze decoration. The tholos was entered from an inclined uncovered hall or dromos, 36 m long and with dry-stone walls. A short passage led from the tholos chamber to the actual burial chamber, which was dug out in a nearly cubical shape. The entrance portal to the tumulus was richly decorated: half-columns in green limestone with zig-zag motifs on the shaft, a frieze with rosettes above the architrave of the door, and spiral decoration in bands of red marble that closed the triangular aperture above an architrave. Segments of the columns and architraves were removed by Lord Elgin in the early 19th century and are now held by the British Museum. The capitals are influenced by ancient Egyptian examples, and one is in the Pergamon Museum as part of the Antikensammlung Berlin. Other decorative elements were inlaid with red porphyry and green alabaster, a surprising luxury for the Bronze Age.
    Links: Top Ten Greek Attractions, Top Ten Domes, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treasury_of_Atreus,
  11. The ‘Lateran’ Obelisk, Rome
    The ‘Lateran’ ObeliskThe ‘Lateran’ Obelisk1
    The Lateran Obelisk, which currently resides in St. John’s Lateran in Rome, originally adorned the temple of Amon in Karnak, Egypt. Erected by Seti I, the obelisk stands 106 ft high and ways an astonishing 330 tons. Although the obelisk was once the most prominent in all of Egypt, in 40 AD the Roman emperor Caligula had the stone dragged to St. John’s Lateran.
    Links:
  12. Thunder Stone
    Thunder StoneThunder Stone1
    The Thunder Stone is the base of the equestrian statue of Peter the Great now known as the Bronze Horseman. It is likely the largest stone ever moved by man.
    Links: Top Ten Stones/Rocks,
  13. Links: Top Ten Obelisks, Top Ten Stone Monuments, http://www.ancient-wisdom.co.uk/top50stones.htm