Top Ten Mysterious Artifacts

Top Ten Mysterious Artifacts

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       What else will we discover about our past that will profoundly change our view of history?

  1. Sumerian Relieves of Flying ‘Gods’ and the Tree of Life

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    Links: Top Ten Artifacts Depicting Extraterrestrials, Top 100 Sumerian Relieves, Relieves and Petroglyphs, Top Ten Middle Eastern Relieves,
  2. Sumerian Relief Depicting the Sun at the Center of our Solar System
    Apparently the Sumerians knew about the planets in our solar system before the advent of the modern telescope. So how did they understand this knowledge. Extraterrestrial ‘Gods’ perhaps?
    Links: Relieves and Petroglyphs, Top Ten Middle Eastern Relieves,
  3. Lines and Geoglyphs of Nazca and Pampas de Jumana
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           The Nazca Lines are a series of ancient geoglyphs located in the Nazca Desert of Peru. The high, arid plateau stretches more than 80 km (50 mi) between the towns of Nazca and Palpa on the Pampas de Jumana. Although some local geoglyphs resemble Paracas motifs, scholars believe the Nazca Lines were created by the Nazca culture between 200 BC and 700 AD. The hundreds of individual figures range in complexity from simple lines to stylized hummingbirds, spiders, monkeys, fish, sharks or orcas, llamas, and lizards. The lines are shallow designs made in the ground by removing the ubiquitous reddish pebbles and uncovering the whitish ground beneath. Hundreds are simple lines or geometric shapes; more than seventy are designs of animal, bird, fish or human figures. The largest figures are over 200 meters (660 ft) across. Scholars differ in interpreting the purpose of the designs, but they generally ascribe religious significance to them, as they were major works that required vision, planning and coordination of people to achieve.
    Links: Top Ten Archeological Mysteries, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nazca_Lines,
  4. Ancient Sculptures of the Platonic Solids (3,200-2,500 BC)

    Carved Stone Balls are petrospheres, usually round and rarely oval. They have from 3 to 160 protruding knobs on the surface. Their size is fairly uniform at around 2.75 inches or 7 cm across, they date from the late Neolithic to possibly as late as the Iron Age and are mainly found in Scotland, but also elsewhere in Britain and Ireland. They range from having no ornamentation (apart from the knobs) to extensive and highly varied engraved patterns. A wide range of theories have been produced to explain their use or significance, without any one gaining very wide acceptance. These five represent the platonic solids, which until recently were not fully understood by mainstream scientists. They have now realized that these five shapes are responsible for all elemental and atomic structures.
    Links: Sacred Geometry, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carved_Stone_Balls,
  5. Dropa Stones
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           The Dropa stones, otherwise known as the Dzopa stones, Dropas stones or Drop-ka stones, are said by some ufologists and pseudoarchaeologists to be a series of at least 716 circular stone discs, dating back 12,000 years, on which tiny hieroglyph-like markings may be found. Each disc is claimed to measure up to 1 foot (30 cm) in diameter and carry two grooves, originating from a hole in their center, in the form of a double spiral. The hieroglyph-like markings are said to be found in these grooves. The Dropa stones were first mentioned in 1960 in the Russian newspaper Literaturnaya Gazeta and then reprinted in the “Current Digest of the Russian Press,” a Russian language magazine published in America. This said that caves near the Himalayan mountains close to the Chinese-Tibetan border in January 1938 had been investigated by Chinese archaeologist Chi Pu Tei from Beijing University. These caves were said to contain the graves of tiny beings (about a meter tall) with elongated heads, and cave drawings of these people and the sun, moon and stars. Also found was a 300mm diameter stone disk with a double spiral from a hole in the center to the rim, 716 more disks were later reportedly found. For 20 years the Dropa stones were said to have sat in storage before they were given to Tsum Um Nui for study in 1958. It is said the he came to the conclusion that the grooves on the discs were actually very tiny hieroglyphs, none of which were of a pattern that had been seen before, and which can only be seen with the use of a magnifying glass. By 1962, he had allegedly deciphered them into a story that told of a spacecraft that crashed landed in the area of the cave, the Bayan Har Shan region and that the ship contained the Dropa people who could not fix it and therefore had to adapt to Earth. Further, his research claims that the Dropa people were hunted down and killed by the local Ham tribesmen for a period. Tsum Um Nui noted specifically that one glyph apparently said “The Dropa came down from the clouds in their aircraft. Our men, women and children hid in the caves ten times before sunrise. When at last they understood the sign language of the Dropas, they realized that the newcomers had peaceful intentions.”
    Links: Exoplanets Believed to be Inhabited, Top Ten Extraterrestrial Civilizations, Top Ten Artifacts Depicting ET’s, Top Ten ET Artifacts, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dropa_stones,
  6. Dendera Lights?

           The “Dendera light” is a technology of electrical lighting supposedly in existence in ancient Egypt, proposed by some fringe authors. Proponents argue that the technology is depicted in the Hathor temple at the Dendera Temple complex located in Egypt on three stone reliefs (one single and a double representation), which resemble some modern electrical lighting systems. Egyptologists reject the theory and explain the reliefs as a typical set of symbolic images from Egyptian mythology.
    Links: Top Ten Temples, Top Ten African Temples, Top Ten Egyptian Temples, Relieves and Petroglyphs, Top Ten Relieves, Top Ten African Relieves, Top Ten Egyptian Relieves, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dendera_light,
  7. Antikythera Mechanism
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           The Antikythera mechanism is an ancient analog computer designed to calculate astronomical positions. It was recovered in 1900–1901 from the Antikythera wreck, but its significance and complexity were not understood until a century later. Jacques-Yves Cousteau visited the wreck in 1978, but found no additional remains of the Antikythera mechanism. The construction has been dated to the early 1st century BC. Technological artifacts approaching its complexity and workmanship did not appear again until the 14th century AD, when mechanical astronomical clocks began to be built in Western Europe. Professor Michael Edmunds of Cardiff University, who led the most recent study of the mechanism, said: “This device is just extraordinary, the only thing of its kind. The design is beautiful, the astronomy is exactly right. The way the mechanics are designed just makes your jaw drop. Whoever has done this has done it extremely carefully…in terms of historic and scarcity value, I have to regard this mechanism as being more valuable than the Mona Lisa.” The Antikythera mechanism is displayed at the National Archaeological Museum of Athens, accompanied by a reconstruction made and donated to the museum by Derek de Solla Price. Other reconstructions are on display at the American Computer Museum in Bozeman, Montana, the Children’s Museum of Manhattan in New York, in Kassel, Germany, and at the Musee des Arts et Metiers in Paris.
    Links: Top 100 Greek Artifacts, Top Ten Computers, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antikythera_mechanism,
  8. Baalbeck Megaliths
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           Baalbek, also known as Baalbeck is a town in the Beqaa Valley of Lebanon situated east of the Litani River. It is famous for its exquisitely detailed yet monumentally scaled temple ruins of the Roman period, when Baalbek, then known as Heliopolis, was one of the largest sanctuaries in the empire. It also contains some of the largest megalithic trilithons in the world weighing in excess of 800 tons! It is Lebanon’s greatest Roman treasure, and it can be counted among the wonders of the ancient world, containing some of the largest and best preserved Roman ruins. Towering high above the Beqaa plain, their monumental proportions proclaimed the power and wealth of Imperial Rome. The gods worshiped there, the triad of Jupiter, Venus and Bacchus, were grafted onto the indigenous deities of Hadad, Atargatis and a young male god of fertility. Local influences are seen in the planning and layout of the temples, which vary from the classic Roman design.
    Links: Top Ten Megaliths, Top Ten Lebanese Attractions, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baalbek#Moving_the_stones,
  9. Ancient Model Aircraft and Abydos Temple Hieroglyphs of Aircraft
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    Description:
    Links: Top Ten Aircraft, Top Ten Spacecraft, Top Ten Temples, Top Ten Egyptian Temples, Relieves and Petroglyphs, Top Ten Egyptian Relieves, Top 100 Birds, http://lost-civilizations.net/flying-vehicles-ancient-egypt.html,
  10. Atlantean Crystal Ball

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    Links: Top Ten Underwater Ruins, http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=K_Ohu5PLKwM,
  11. Piri-Reis Map (1513)
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           The legendary Piri-Reis map of 1513 is believed to be the oldest map of America (the Vinland map may be older but only shows a part of North America). The Piri Reis map shows North America, South America, and Africa. Piri Reis was a famous admiral of the Turkish fleet in the 16th century. His passion was cartography and was always on the lookout for new maps and other such documents. In 1513 a map had been commissioned by him. Piri Reis was high rank within the Turkish navy which allowed him to have a privileged access to the Imperial Library of Constantinople. He was considered an expert on Mediterranean lands and coastlines, and he even wrote a famous sailing book called Kitabi Bahriye where he described all the details of coastlines, harbors, currents, shallows, bays and straits of the Mediterranean and Aegean seas. He died in 1554 or 1555 being beheaded for unknown reasons.
    Links: Maps, Top Ten Piri Reis Maps, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Piri_Reis_map,
  12. Tokomai
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           In the middle of the 20th century, archaeological excavations on the Japanese island Hondo yielded some interesting statuettes. These unique statuettes were discovered, with 60 height centimeters for 15 of diameter, with an estimated age of 12,000 years old.
    Links: Top 100 Japanese Artifactshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dog%C5%AB,
  13. Baghdad Battery

           The Baghdad Battery, sometimes referred to as the Parthian Battery, is the common name for a number of artifacts created in Mesopotamia, during the dynasties of Parthian or Sassanid period (the early centuries AD), and probably discovered in 1936 in the village of Khuyut Rabbou’a, near Baghdad, Iraq. These artifacts came to wider attention in 1938 when Wilhelm König, the German director of the National Museum of Iraq, found the objects in the museum’s collections. In 1940, König published a paper speculating that they may have been galvanic cells, perhaps used for electroplating gold onto silver objects. Though far from settled, this interpretation continues to be considered as at least a hypothetical possibility. If correct, the artifacts would predate Alessandro Volta’s 1800 invention of the electrochemical cell by more than a millennium.
    Links: Top 100 Inventions, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baghdad_Battery,
  14. Ancient Rocket?

           This interesting piece appears to be in the shape of a rocket, but it dates to? It can be seen at the Museum of Archaeology, Istanbul, Turkey.
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  15. The Lolladoff Plate
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  16. Crystal Skulls
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           The crystal skulls are a number of human skull hardstone carvings made of clear or milky quartz, known in art history as “rock crystal,” claimed to be pre-Columbian Mesoamerican artifacts by their alleged finders; however, none of the specimens made available for scientific study have been authenticated as pre-Columbian in origin. The results of these studies demonstrated that those examined were manufactured in the mid-19th century or later, almost certainly in Europe. Despite some claims presented in an assortment of popularizing literature, legends of crystal skulls with mystical powers do not figure in genuine Mesoamerican or other Native American mythologies and spiritual accounts. The skulls are often claimed to exhibit paranormal phenomena by some members of the New Age movement, and have often been portrayed as such in fiction.
    Links: Top Ten Skull Artifacts, Top Ten Human Skulls, Top Ten Skulls, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crystal_skull,
  17. Bonus: Tombstone of Pacal the Great
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           This artifact has been a topic of heated debate and curiosity. The widely accepted interpretation of the sarcophagus lid is that Pakal is descending into Xibalba, the Maya underworld. Around the edges of the lid are glyphs representing the Sun, the Moon, Venus, and various constellations, locating this event in the nighttime sky. Below him is the Maya water god, who guards the underworld. Beneath Pakal are the “unfolded” jaws of a dragon or serpent, into whose mouth Pakal descends. This is a common iconographic representation of the entrance to the underworld. Other examples of this imagery are found in sculpture on Monument 1 “El Rey” and Monument 9 at the Olmec site of Chalcatzingo, Morelos, on Altar 4 at the Olmec site of La Venta, Tabasco and in recently discovered murals at the Late Preclassic Maya site of San Bartolo, Guatemala. For those who believe in the ancient cosmonaut theory however, they believe that this stone carving illustrates Pacal the Great flying in a spaceship of some kind.
    Links: Top Ten Artifacts Depicting Extraterrestrials, Top Ten Mayan Artifacts, Top Ten Extraterrestrial Artifacts, http://www.delange.org/PalenqueTomb/PalenqueTomb.htm,
  18. Phaistos Disk
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           The Phaistos Disc (also spelled Phaistos Disk, Phaestos Disc) is a disk of fired clay from the Minoan palace of Phaistos on the Greek island of Crete, possibly dating to the middle or late Minoan Bronze Age (2nd millennium BC). It is about 15 cm (5.9 in) in diameter and covered on both sides with a spiral of stamped symbols. Its purpose and meaning, and even its original geographical place of manufacture, remain disputed, making it one of the most famous mysteries of archaeology. This unique object is now on display at the archaeological museum of Heraklion. The disc was discovered in 1908 by the Italian archaeologist Luigi Pernier in the Minoan palace-site of Phaistos, and features 241 tokens, comprising 45 unique signs, which were apparently made by pressing pre-formed hieroglyphic “seals” into a disc of soft clay, in a clockwise sequence spiraling towards the disc’s center. The Phaistos Disc captured the imagination of amateur and professional archeologists, and many attempts have been made to decipher the code behind the disc’s signs. While it is not clear that it is a script, most attempted decipherments assume that it is; most additionally assume a syllabary, others an alphabet or logography. Attempts at decipherment are generally thought to be unlikely to succeed unless more examples of the signs are found, as it is generally agreed that there is not enough context available for a meaningful analysis. Although the Phaistos Disc is generally accepted as authentic by archaeologists, a few scholars have forwarded the opinion that the disc is a forgery or a hoax.
    Links: Top Ten Unsolved Codes, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phaistos_Disk,
  19. Bonus: Fuente Magna
           A bowl with what appears to be a Sumerian inscription on it, but was found in Tiwanaku.
    Links:
  20. Bonus: Tecaxic-Calixtlahuaca Head

           The Tecaxic-Calixtlahuaca head is said to be a bust in the Classical Roman style, found in a burial offering under three intact floors of a pre-colonial building, which was dated between 1476 and 1510.
    Links: Top 100 Busts, Top Ten Roman Artifacts, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tecaxic-Calixtlahuaca_head,
  21. Bonus: Enigma of the Ashokan Pillar

           The iron pillar (also known as the Ashokan pillar) of Delhi, India, is a 7 m (23 ft.) high pillar in the Qutb complex, notable for the composition of the metals used in its construction. The pillar, which weighs more than six tons, is said to have been fashioned at the time of Chandragupta Vikramaditya (375–413 AD) of the Gupta Empire, though other authorities give dates as early as 912 BC. The pillar initially stood in the center of a Jain temple complex housing 27 temples that were destroyed by Qutb-ud-din Aybak, and their material was used in building the Quwwat-ul-Islam mosque and the Qutub Minar complex where the pillar stands today. The pillar has attracted the attention of archaeologists and metallurgists and has been called “a testament to the skill of ancient Indian blacksmiths” because of its high resistance to corrosion. The corrosion resistance results from an even layer of crystalline iron hydrogen phosphate forming on the high phosphorus content iron, which serves to protect it, and also the effects of the local Delhi climate, which alternates from wet to dry.  The name of the city of Delhi is thought to be based on a legend associated with the pillar.
    Links: Top Ten Indian Attractions, Top Ten Columns/Pillars, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iron_pillar_of_Delhi,
  22. Bonus: Klerksdorp Spheres, South Africa
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           Klerksdorp spheres are small objects, often spherical to disc-shaped, that have been collected by miners and rockhounds from 3-billion-year-old pyrophyllite deposits mined by Wonderstone Ltd., near Ottosdal, South Africa. They have been cited by alternative researchers and reporters in books, popular articles, and many web pages, as inexplicable out-of-place artifacts that could only have been manufactured by intelligent beings. Geologists who have studied these objects argue that the objects are not manufactured, but are rather the result of natural processes
    Links: Top Ten South African Attractions, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Klerksdorp_sphere,
  23. Bonus: Giant Stone Balls of Costa Rica

           The stone spheres (or stone balls) of Costa Rica are an assortment of over 300 petrospheres in Costa Rica, located on the Diquis Delta and on Isla del Caño. Locally, they are known as Las Bolas. The spheres are commonly attributed to the extinct Diquis culture and are sometimes referred to as the Diquis Spheres. They are the best-known stone sculptures of the Isthmo-Colombian area. Numerous myths surround the stones, such as they came from Atlantis, or that they were made as such by nature. Some local legends state that the native inhabitants had access to a potion able to soften the rock. Research led by Joseph Davidovits of the Geopolymer Institute in France has been offered in support of this hypothesis, but it is not supported by geological or archaeological evidence. (No one has been able to demonstrate that gabbro, the material from which most of the balls are sculpted, can be worked this way.)
    Links: Top Ten Costa Rican Attractions, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stone_spheres_of_Costa_Rica,
  24. Bonus: Winnipesaukee Mystery Stone

           The mystery stone from Lake Winnipesaukee is an alleged out-of-place artifact, reportedly found in 1872 while workers were digging a hole for a fence post. It is a carved stone about 4 inches (100 mm) long and 2.5 inches (64 mm) thick, dark and egg-shaped, bearing a variety of symbols. The stone’s age, purpose, and origin are unknown. Seneca Ladd, a Meredith businessman who hired the workers, was given credit for the discovery. Upon Ladd’s death in 1892, the stone passed to one of his daughters, who donated it to the New Hampshire Historical Society in 1927. The stone is currently on exhibit at the Museum of New Hampshire History.
    Links: Top Ten Stones/Rocks, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lake_Winnipesaukee_mystery_stone,
  25. Bonus: Inca Stone Portraying a Triceratops and Other Dinosaurs, (Hoax)
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    Links: Top Ten Dinosaurs,
  26. Links: Artifacts,

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