Top Ten Treasure Troves

Top Ten Treasure Troves

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  1. Środa Treasure of Poland
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    The Środa Treasure is one of the most valuable archaeological finds of the 20th century. It was found in 1985 during renovation works in Środa Śląska, Poland and is mostly kept in the Regional Museum in Środa Śląska. The treasure includes a gold woman’s crown, which probably belonged to Blanche of Valois, one of the wives of the emperor Charles IV, two gold pendants, dating to the 12th century, two gold pendants, dating to the 13th century, a medieval gold clasp decorated with precious stones, a ring with heads of dragons, a ring with sapphire,a ring with moon and star, 39 gold coinsand between 2924to 3924 silver coins.
    Links: Top Ten Crowns, Coins, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C5%9Aroda_Treasure,
  2. Royal Graves, Mycenae, Greece
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    Description:
    Links: Top 100 Masks, Top Ten Swords,
  3. Panagyuriste Treasure of Bulgaria
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    On the 8th of December 1949 three brothers, Pavel, Petko and Michail Deikovi worked together at the region of “Merul” tile factory near Panagyurishte. When processing a new layer of clay they came across unusual glossy objects. What they uncovered was the Panagyuriste treasure, a spectacular perfectly made Thracian treasure, one of the most famous treasures in the world. It consists of a phial, an amphora and seven rhytons with total weight of 6,164 kg of pure gold. All of the objects are richly decorated with scenes of the Thracian myths, customs and life. It is dated from the 4th-3rd centuries BC.
    Links: Top 100 Gold Artifacts, Top Ten Vases, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Panagyurishte_treasure,
  4. Preslav Treasure of Bulgaria
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    The Preslav Treasure was found in autumn of 1978 at the vineyard in Castana, 3 km to the northwest of the second Bulgarian capital, Veliki Preslav. The excavations that followed revealed more than 170 golden, silver and bronze objects including 15 silver Byzantine coins belonging to Constantine VII, Roman II (945 and 959) and other artifacts dating far back to the period between 3rd and 7th centuries. Several techniques of jewelry making were used in producing adornments, buttons, appliques etc: not limited to casting in moulds, toreutics, welding of small gold balls (granules) or fine gold wire (filigree), inlays of pearls and multi-colored enamel.
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  5. Tutankhamen’s Treasure of Egypt
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           A list of treasures would not be complete if we were not to mention Tutankhamen’s treasure. It was discovered in his tomb in 1922 by Howard Carter, underneath the remains of workmen’s huts built during the Ramesside Period, which explains why it was spared from the worst of the tomb depredations of that period. Perhaps the most impressive piece found in Tutankhamen’s tomb is not the mask (shown above), although that is the most well known, rather, the kings gold inner coffin, which displays a quality of workmanship and an attention to detail which is unsurpassed. The coffin is made of solid gold. It is 74″ long, 20″ wide and 20″ high. The king is shown as Osiris holding the crook and flail, traditional symbols of kingship. The tomb contained other treasures as well, including the King’s throne.
    Links: Top 100 Egyptian Artifacts, Top 100 Masks, Top 100 Busts, Top Ten Pharaohs, Top Ten Daggers/Knives,
  6. Pereshchepina Treasure of Bulgaria
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    Yet another Bulgarian find, the Pereshchepina Treasure is a major deposit of Byzantine, Sassanian, and Avarian objects from the period of the Volkerwanderung. The deposit was discovered in 1912 in the village of Mala Pereshchepina (13 km from Poltava, Ukraine) by a boy shepherd who literally stumbled over a golden vessel and fell into the grave of Kuvrat, the founder of Great Bulgaria and father of Asparuh, the founder of the First Bulgarian Empire. The hoard contains more than 800 pieces. There are 19 silver vessels and 16 gold vessels, including a striking rhyton and remains of another. In addition, the find also contains a staff with gold facing, a well-preserved iron sword with an end in the form of a ring and gold facing on the hilt and scabbard, gold jewelry, and much more.
    Links: Top Ten Swords, Top Ten Sword Styles,
  7. Tillia Tepe Treasure of Afghanistan
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    Tillia Tepe is an archaeological site in northern Afghanistan near Sheberghan, surveyed in 1979 by a Soviet-Afghanistan mission of archaeologists led by Victor Sarianidi, a year before the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. The hoard is a collection of about 20,000 gold ornaments that was found in six graves (five women and one man) with extremely rich jewelry, dated to around the 1st century BC. Altogether several thousand pieces of fine jewelry were recovered, usually made from combinations of gold, turquoise and lapis-lazuli. The ornaments include coins, necklaces set with gems, belts, medallions and crowns.
    Links: Top Ten Afghani Attractions, Top Ten Afghani Artifacts, Top Ten Crowns, Top 100 Gold Artifacts, Top 100 Coins, Top 100 Middle Eastern Coinshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tillya_Tepe,
  8. The Treasure of Nagyszentmiklós of Romania
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    The Treasure of Nagyszentmiklós is a valuable collection of twenty-three 10th century gold vessels, found in Nagyszentmiklós, Transylvania. The treasure, consisting of 23 gold vessels, dating from the 10th century, was found in 1791 in the vicinity of the town of Nagyszentmiklós (now Sânnicolau Mare, Romania).
    Links: Top Ten Vases,
  9. The Pietroasele Treasure of Romania
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    The Pietroasele treasure (found in Pietroasele, Buzău, Romania, in 1837), is a late 4th century Gothic treasure that included some 22 objects of gold, among the most famous examples of the polychrome style of Migration Period art. Of the 22 pieces, only 12 have survived, conserved at the National Museum of Romanian History, in Bucharest, some of the items are a large eagle-headed fibula and three smaller ones encrusted with semi-precious stones; and a patera, or round sacrificial dish, modelled with figures of what appear to be Gothic gods in Greek dress surrounding a seated three-dimensional goddess in the center.
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  10. The Treasure of Gourdon of France
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    This treasure, unearthed near Gourdon, Saône-et-Loire, in 1845, is a hoard of gold, the objects dating to the end of the 5th or beginning of the 6th century, which was secreted soon after 524. When it was found the hoard comprised a chalice (shown above), a rectangular paten, similarly applied with garnets and turquoises in cloisonné compartments, together with about a hundred gold coins dating from the reigns of Byzantine emperors Leo I (457-474) through that of Justin I (518-527).
    Links: Top Ten Chalices/Cups,
  11. Java Treasure Trove of Indonesia
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    The find contains close to 14,000 pearls, 4,000 rubies, 400 dark red sapphires, and more than 2,200 garnets. They were found on a ship that sunk off the shores of Indonesia more than 1,000 years ago. In addition to jewelry, the treasure hunters found tiny perfume flasks, jars made of baked clay, slender-necked vases, and brightly colored glassware from the Fatimides dynasty that once ruled ancient Egypt. They also found dishes adorned with dragons, parakeets and other birds; porcelain with finely-carved edges; teapots decorated with lotus flowers; and celadon plates with their glaze intact. The find is valued at several million dollars; 50% of which will go to the government of Indonesia. 10th Century wrecks are extremely rare and this find fills a large gap in our knowledge of that period.
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  12. Treasure of Villena (Bronze Age)
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    The Treasure of Villena is one of the greatest golden findings of the European Bronze Age. It consists of 59 objects made of gold, silver, iron and amber with a total weight of almost 10 kilos, 9 of which are 23.5 carat gold. It is considered to be the most important prehistoric golden finding in the Iberian Peninsula and the second one in Europe, just behind that from the Royal Graves in Mycenae, Greece. It is also worth pointing out the iron pieces, since they are the oldest found in the Iberian Peninsula and correspond to a stage in which iron was considered to be a precious metal, and so, was hoarded.
    Links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treasure_of_Villena,
  13. Bonus: The Karun Treasure, The Treasure of GuarrazarDescription:
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  14. Maximillian’s Treasure?Description:
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  15. Links: Artifacts, Top 100 Gold Artifacts,