Museums and Galleries

Museums and Galleries

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Top Ten South American Museums

Top Ten South American Museums

  1. Museu Nacional de Belas Artes, Rio de Janeiro, Bazil

    The Museu Nacional de Belas Artes (National Museum of Fine Arts) is an art museum located in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It is considered one of the most important Brazilian museums. Since its beginning in 1808, the collection of works of art has been enormously expanded and now has around 16,000 items. The collections include painting, sculpture, drawing as well as decorative arts, furniture, folk art and African art.
    Links: Top Ten Brazilian Attractions, Top 100 Brazilian Paintings, Top Ten Brazilian Painters, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Museu_Nacional_de_Belas_Artes,
  2. São Paulo Museum of Art, Brazil

    The São Paulo Museum of Art is located on Paulista Avenue in the city of São Paulo, Brazil. It’s well known for its headquarters, a 1968 concrete and glass structure designed by Lina Bo Bardi, whose main body is supported by two lateral beams over a 74 meters freestanding space, considered a landmark of the city and a main symbol of modern Brazilian architecture. The museum is a non-profit making private institution founded in 1947 by Assis Chateaubriand and Pietro Maria Bardi. MASP distinguished itself for many important initiatives concerning museology and art education in Brazil, as well as for its pioneer role as a cultural center. It was also the first Brazilian museum interested in Post-World War II artistic tendencies. The museum is internationally recognized for its collection of Western art, considered the finest in Latin America and all Southern Hemisphere. It also shelters an emphatic assemblage of Brazilian art, prints and drawings, as well as smaller collections of African and Asian art, antiquities, decorative arts, and others, amounting to more than 8,000 pieces. MASP also has one of the largest art libraries of the country. The entire collection is listed as Brazilian National Heritage.
    Links: Top Ten Brazilian Attractions, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/S%C3%A3o_Paulo_Museum_of_Art,
  3. The Gold Museum, Bogota, Colombia

    The collection of artifacts in the Gold Museum in Bogota is the most important collection of gold art works in the world. With over 35,000 pieces of gold artifacts, most of which are on exhibit daily.
    Links: Top Ten Colombian Attractions, Top 100 Gold Artifacts,
  4. Museo de Oro, Lima, Peru

    Description:
    Links: Top Ten Peruvian, Top 100 Maskshttp://www.museoroperu.com.pe/museum.html,
  5. Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes, Santiago, Chile

           The Chilean National Museum of Fine Arts is located in Santiago, Chile and is one of the major centers for the arts in the South America. Established in 1880 (making it the oldest in South America), the organization is managed by the “Artistic Union” (Unión Artística). The current building, the “Palace of the Fine Arts” (el Palacio de Bellas Artes), dates to 1910 and commemorates the first centennial of the Independence of Chile. It was designed by the French-Chilean Emile Jecquier and is situated in the Parque Forestal of Santiago. Behind it is located the Museum of Contemporary Art (Museo de Arte Contemporáneo) of the University of Chile, in which is also located the old School of Fine Arts (Escuela de Bellas Artes).
    Links: Top Ten Chilean Attractions, Sculptures, Top 100 South American sculptureshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Museo_Nacional_de_Bellas_Artes_(Santiago_de_Chile)
  6. Niterói Contemporary Art Museum, Brazil

           The Niterói Contemporary Art Museum, Museu de Arte Contemporânea de Niterói, is situated in the city of Niterói, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil and is one of the city’s main landmarks. It was Designed by Oscar Niemeyer in 1996 with the assistance of structural engineer Bruno Contarini, who had worked with Niemeyer on earlier projects. The museum projects itself over Boa Viagem (“Bon Voyage,” “Good Journey”), the 817-square meter reflecting pool that surrounds the cylindrical base “like a flower,” in the words of Niemeyer. A wide access slope leads to a Hall of Expositions, which has a capacity for sixty people. Two doors lead to the viewing gallery, through which can be seen the Guanabara Bay, Rio de Janeiro and Sugarloaf Mountain. The saucer-shaped modernist structure, which has been likened to a UFO, is set on a cliffside, at the bottom of which is a beach. In the film Oscar Niemeyer, an architect committed to his century, Niemeyer is seen flying over Rio de Janeiro in a UFO which then lands on the site, suggesting this to be the origin of the museum.
    Links: Top Ten Brazilian Attractions, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Niter%C3%B3i_Contemporary_Art_Museum,
  7. Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes, Buenos Aires, Argentina

           The National Museum of Fine Arts is an Argentine art museum in Buenos Aires, located in the Recoleta section of the city.
    Links: Top Ten Argentinian Attractions, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Museo_Nacional_de_Bellas_Artes_(Buenos_Aires)
  8. Museo de Arte de Lima, Peru

    Description:
    Links: Top Ten Peruvian Attractions,
  9. Links: Museums and Galleries, Artifact, Top 100 South America Paintings, Top Ten South America Painters,

Top Ten North American Museums

Top Ten North American Museums

  1. New York Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City, USA

    The Metropolitan Museum of Art, or ‘The Met,’ is an art museum located on the eastern edge of Central Park, along what is known as Museum Mile in New York City. It has a permanent collection containing more than 2 million works of art, divided into 19 curatorial departments. The main building, often referred to simply as “The Met,” is one of the world’s largest art galleries; there is also a much smaller second location in Upper Manhattan, at “The Cloisters,” which features medieval art. Represented in the permanent collection are works of art from classical antiquity and Ancient Egypt, paintings and sculptures from nearly all the European masters, and an extensive collection of American and modern art. The Met also maintains extensive holdings of African, Asian, Oceanic, Byzantine and Islamic art. The museum is also home to encyclopedic collections of musical instruments, costumes and accessories, and antique weapons and armor from around the world. A number of notable interiors, ranging from 1st century Rome through modern American design, are permanently installed in the Met’s galleries. The Metropolitan Museum of Art was founded in 1870 by a group of American citizens. The founders included businessmen and financiers, as well as leading artists and thinkers of the day, who wanted to open a museum to bring art and art education to the American people. It opened on February 20, 1872, and was originally located at 681 Fifth Avenue. As of 2007, the Met measures almost 1⁄4-mile (400 m) long and occupies more than 2,000,000 square feet (190,000 m2).
    Links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Metropolitan_Museum_of_Art,
  2. Museum of Modern Art, New York, USA

    The Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) is an art museum located in Midtown Manhattan in New York City, on 53rd Street, between Fifth and Sixth Avenues. It has been singularly important in developing and collecting modernist art, and is often identified as the most influential museum of modern art in the world. The museum’s collection offers an unparalleled overview in modern and contemporary art, including works of architecture and design, drawings, painting, sculpture, photography, prints, illustrated books and artist’s books, film, and electronic media. MoMA’s library and archives hold over 300,000 books, artist books and periodicals, as well as individual files on more than 70,000 artists. The archives contain primary source material related to the history of modern and contemporary art. It also houses an award-winning fine dining restaurant, The Modern, run by Alsace-born chef Gabriel Kreuther.
    Links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moma_New_York,
  3. Smithsonian Institution, USA

    The Smithsonian Institution is an educational and research institute and associated museum complex, administered and funded by the government of the United States and by funds from its endowment, contributions, and profits from its retail operations, concessions, licensing activities and magazines. Most of its facilities are located in Washington, D.C., but its 19 museums, zoo and 9 research centers include sites in New York City, Virginia and Panama among others. It has over 136 million items in its collections, publishes two magazines named Smithsonian (monthly) and Air & Space (bimonthly), and employs the Smithsonian Police to protect visitors, staff, and the property of the museums.
    Links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smithsonian_Institution,
  4. Los Angeles County Museum of Art, USA

    The Los Angeles County Museum of Art is an art museum in Los Angeles, California. It is located on Wilshire Boulevard along Museum Row in the Miracle Mile vicinity of Los Angeles, adjacent to the George C. Page Museum and La Brea Tar Pits. LACMA is the largest encyclopedic museum west of Chicago and attracts nearly one million visitors annually. Its holdings include more than 100,000 works spanning the history of art from ancient times to the present. In addition to art exhibits, the museum features film and concert series throughout the year.
    Links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Los_Angeles_County_Museum_of_Art,
  5. National Museum of Anthropology, Mexico City, Mexico

           The Museo Nacional de Antropología or National Museum of Anthropology is a national museum of Mexico. Located in the area between Paseo de la Reforma and Calle Mahatma Gandhi within Chapultepec Park in Mexico City, the museum contains significant archaeological and anthropological artifacts from the pre-Columbian heritage of Mexico, such as the Piedra del Sol (the Stone of the Sun, what has been incorrectly identified as the Aztec calendar) and the 16th century Aztec statue of Xochipilli.
    Links: Top Ten Mexican Attractions, Sculptures, Top 100 North American Sculptureshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Museo_Nacional_de_Antropolog%C3%ADa,
  6. Art Gallery of Ontario, Canada

    The Art Gallery of Ontario is an art museum in Toronto’s Downtown Grange Park district, on Dundas Street West between McCaul Street and Beverley Street. Its collection includes more than 80,000 works spanning the 1st century to the present-day. The gallery has 45,000 square m (480,000 square ft) of physical space, making it one of the largest galleries in North America. Significant collection include the largest collection of Canadian art, an expansive body of works from the Renaissance and the Baroque eras, European art, African and Oceanic art, and a modern and contemporary collection. The photography collection is a large part of the collection, as well as an extensive drawing and prints collection. The museum contains many significant sculptures, such as in the Henry Moore sculpture center, and represents other forms of art like film and video art, graphic art, installations, architecture, and ship models. During the AGO’s history, it has hosted some of the world’s most renowned and significant exhibitions, and continues to do so, to this day. Over the last three decades, the gallery has seen four major expansions and renovations, typically considered a high amount and unseen by most galleries of the world, and continues to add spaces today. The gallery recently built the Weston Family Learning Centre, and is building a David Milne Research Centre, designed by Hariri Pontarini Architects. It’s last major renovations have seen architects like John C. Parkin, Barton Myers, KPMB Architects, and most recently, Frank Gehry. There is a extensive library, student spaces, gallery workshop space, artist-in-residence, a high-end restaurant, cafe, espresso bar, research center, Gehry-designed gift shop, and an event space called the Baillie Court, taking up the entirety of the 3rd floor.
    Links: Top Ten Canadian Attractions, Top 100 Photographs, Top Ten Paintings by Peter Paul Rubens, Top Ten Architectural Works by Frank Gehry, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Art_Gallery_of_Ontario,
  7. Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes, Havana, Cuba

    The National Museum for Fine Arts was founded in 1913, and was first housed in a building in Centro Habana. In 1954, architect Esteban Rodríguez Pichardo designed the new headquarters in Trocadero Street, between Zulueta and Monserrate at the edge of Old Havana. In 1957, the famous Cuban writer Alejo Carpentier described the building as one of the best museums on the American continent. A fundamental reconstruction, combined with an extension of two additional buildings, was begun in 1999 under the leadership of architect José Linares Ferrera. The National Museum for Fine Arts was re-opened on 18 July 2001. The National Museum’s entire collection currently contains 48,000 works, of which approximately 2,000 are shown at the two exhibition venues. In the headquarters in Trocadero Street, one can see Cuban art from the colonial period through the 19th century, 20th century avant-garde, and the new generations since the 1950’s up to young artists of the 1990’s. In the former Centro Asturiano, portions of the extensive international art collection are on display, including: antiquity (ancient Egypt, Rome, Greece), European paintings from the 15th to 20th century (Spain, Germany, Flemish masters, Holland, France, Italy, Great Britain), as well as paintings from North and Latin America.
    Links: Top Ten Cuban Attractions, http://www.universes-in-universe.de/car/habana/ort/e-museo-nacional.htm,
  8. Links: Top Ten Art Museums, Galleries and Museums, Top 100 North American Paintings, Top Ten North American Painters,

Top Ten European Museums

Top Ten European Museums

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  1. The Louvre, Paris, France

           The Musée du Louvre is one of the worlds largest and the most visited museum in the world. It is a central landmark of Paris, France and is located on the Right Bank of the Seine in the 1st district. Nearly 35,000 objects from prehistory to the 19th century are exhibited over an area of 60,600 square m (652,300 square feet). The museum is housed in the Louvre Palace which began as a fortress built in the late 12th century under Philip II. Remnants of the fortress are still visible. The building was extended many times to form the present Louvre Palace. In 1672, Louis XIV chose the Palace of Versailles for his household, leaving the Louvre primarily as a place to display the royal collection, including, from 1692, a collection of antique sculptures. In 1692, the building was occupied by the Académie des Inscriptions et Belles Lettres and the Académie Royale de Peinture et de Sculpture, which in 1699 held the first of a series of salons. The Académie remained at the Louvre for 100 years. During the French Revolution, the National Assembly decreed that the Louvre should be used as a museum, to display the nation’s masterpieces. The museum opened on 10 August 1793 with an exhibition of 537 paintings, the majority of the works being confiscated church and royal property. Because of structural problems with the building, the museum was closed in 1796 until 1801. The size of the collection increased under Napoleon when the museum was renamed the Musée Napoléon. After his defeat at Waterloo, many works seized by Napoleon’s armies were returned to their original owners. The collection was further increased during the reigns of Louis XVIII and Charles X, and during the Second French Empire the museum gained 20,000 pieces. Holdings have grown steadily through donations and gifts since the Third Republic, except during the two World Wars. As of 2008, the collection is divided among eight curatorial departments: Egyptian Antiquities; Near Eastern Antiquities; Greek, Etruscan, and Roman Antiquities; Islamic Art; Sculpture; Decorative Arts; Paintings; Prints and Drawings.
    Links: Top Ten French Attractions, Top Ten French HotelsTop Ten Parisian Attractions, Top Ten Parisian Hotels, Top Ten Parisian Restaurants, http://www.louvre.fr/llv/commun/home.jsp?bmLocale=enhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Louvre,
  2. Vatican Museum, Vatican City
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           The Vatican Museums, Musei Vaticani, are located in Viale Vaticano, Rome, inside Vatican City. They are among the greatest museums in the world, since they display works from the immense collection built up by the Roman Catholic Church throughout the centuries. Pope Julius II founded the museums in the 16th century. The Sistine Chapel and the Stanze della Segnatura decorated by Raphael are on the visitor route through the Vatican Museums. They were visited by 4,310,083 people in 2007.
    Links: Top Ten Vatican City Attrations, http://mv.vatican.va/3_EN/pages/MV_Home.html,
  3. Hermitage, St. Petersburg, Russia

           The State Hermitage is a museum of art and culture in Saint Petersburg, Russia. One of the largest and oldest museums of the world, it was founded in 1764 by Catherine the Great and open to the public since 1852. Its collections, of which only a small part is on permanent display, comprise nearly 3 million items, including the largest collection of paintings in the world. The collections occupy a large complex of six historic buildings along Palace Embankment, including the Winter Palace, a former residence of Russian emperors. Apart from them, the Menshikov Palace, Museum of Porcelain, Storage Facility at Staraya Derevnya and the eastern wing of the General Staff Building also make part of the museum. The museum has several exhibition centers abroad. The Hermitage is a federal state property. Since 1990, the director of the museum has been Mikhail Piotrovsky. Out of six buildings of the main museum complex, four, namely the Winter Palace, Small Hermitage, Old Hermitage and New Hermitage, are partially open to the public. The other two are Hermitage Theatre and the Reserve House. The entrance ticket for foreign tourists costs several times as much as the fee paid by Russian citizens. However, the entrance is free of charge the first Thursday of every month for all visitors and daily for students and children. The museum is closed on Mondays. Entrance is in the Winter Palace from Palace Embankment or the Courtyard.
    Links: Top Ten Russian Attractions, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hermitage_Museum,
  4. Uffizi Gallery, Florence, Italy

           The Uffizi Gallery is one of the oldest and most famous art museums of the Western world. It is housed in the Palazzo degli Uffizi, a palazzo in Florence, Italy.
    Links: Top Ten Italian AttractionsTop Ten Italian Museums, Top 100 Italian Paintings, Top Ten Italian Painters, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uffizi_Gallery,
  5. The Museo del Prado, Madrid, Spain

           The Museo del Prado is a museum and art gallery located in Madrid, the capital of Spain. It features one of the world’s finest collections of European art, from the 12th century to the early 19th century, based on the former Spanish Royal Collection. Founded as a museum of paintings and sculpture, it also contains important collections of more than 5,000 drawings, 2,000 prints, 1,000 coins and medals, and almost 2,000 decorative objects and works of art. Sculpture is represented by more than 700 works and by a smaller number of sculptural fragments. The painting collection comprises about 7,800 paintings, of which only about 1,300 are at public display, mainly because of the museum’s lack of space. A new, recently opened wing enlarged the display area by about 400 paintings, and it is currently used mainly for temporary expositions. El Prado is one of the most visited sites in Madrid, and it is considered to be among the greatest museums of art in the world.
    Links: Top Ten Spanish Attractions, Top Ten Spanish Painters, Top 100 Spanish Paintingshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prado_Museum,
  6. Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, Netherlands

           The Rijksmuseum is a Dutch national museum in Amsterdam, located on the Museumplein. The museum is dedicated to arts, crafts, and history. It has a large collection of paintings from the Dutch Golden Age and a substantial collection of Asian art. It also displays the stern of the HMS Royal Charles which was captured in the Raid on the Medway and the Hartog plate.
    Links: Top Ten Dutch Attractions, Top Ten Dutch MuseumsTop Ten Vincent van Gogh PaintingsTop Ten Rembrandt PaintingsTop Ten Portrait Paintingshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rijksmuseum_Amsterdam,
  7. Pergamon Museum, Berlin, Germany

           The Pergamon Museum is situated on the Museum Island in Berlin. The site was designed by Alfred Messel and Ludwig Hoffmann and was constructed in 20 years, from 1910 to 1930. The Pergamon houses original-sized, reconstructed monumental buildings such as the Pergamon Altar, the Market Gate of Miletus, all consisting of parts transported from Turkey. There is controversy over the legitimacy of the acquisition of the collection. It was suggested that the collection should be returned to Turkey (original country of the excavations). The museum is subdivided into the antiquity collection, the Middle East museum, and the museum of Islamic art. The museum is visited by approximately 1,135,000 people every year, making it the most visited art museum in Germany (2007).
    Links: Top Ten German Attractions, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pergamon_Museum,
  8. The Guggenheim, Bilbao, Spain

           The Guggenheim Museum Bilbao is a museum of modern and contemporary art designed by Canadian-American architect Frank Gehry, built by Ferrovial and located in Bilbao, Basque Country, Spain. It is built alongside the Nervion River, which runs through the city of Bilbao to the Atlantic Coast. The Guggenheim is one of several museums belonging to the Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation. The museum features permanent and visiting exhibits of works by Spanish and international artists.
    Links: Top Ten Spanish Attractions, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guggenheim_Museum_Bilbao,
  9. Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna, Austria

           The Kunsthistorisches Museum, “Museum of Art History,” also often referred to as the “Museum of Fine Arts,” is an art museum in Vienna, Austria. Housed in its festive palatial building on Ringstraße, it is crowned with an octagonal dome. The term Kunsthistorisches Museum applies to both the institution and the main building. It was opened in 1891 at the same time as the Naturhistorisches Museum, by Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria-Hungary. The two museums have identical exteriors and face each other across Maria-Theresien-Platz. Both buildings were built between 1872 and 1891 according to plans drawn up by Gottfried Semper and Karl Freiherr von Hasenauer. The two Ringstraße museums were commissioned by the Emperor in order to find a suitable shelter for the Habsburgs’ formidable art collection and to make it accessible to the general public. The façade was built of sandstone. The building is rectangular in shape, and topped with a dome that is 60 m high. The inside of the building is lavishly decorated with marble, stucco ornamentations, gold-leaf and paintings.
    Links: Top Ten Austrian Attractions, Sculptures, Top 100 European Sculptures, Top 100 Paintings, Top Ten Paintings by Raphael, Top Ten Paintings by Pieter Brueghel, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kunsthistorisches_Museum,
  10. Swiss National Museum, Switzerland

           The Swiss National Museum, part of the Musée Suisse Group, itself affiliated with the Federal Office of Culture, is one of the most important art museums of cultural history in Europe and the world. It is located in the city of Zurich, Switzerland’s largest city, next to the Hauptbahnhof. The museum building of 1898 in the historicist style was built by Gustav Gull in the form of the French Renaissance city chateaus. His impressive architecture with dozens of towers, courts and his astonishing park on an island between the rivers Sihl and Limmat has become one of the main sights of the Old City District of Zurich. The exhibition tour takes the visitor from prehistory through ancient times and the Middle Ages to the 20th century (classic modern art and art of the 16th, 17th and 18th century is settled mainly in the Kunsthaus Museum in a different part of the city of Zurich). There is a very rich section with gothic art, chivalry and a comprehensive collection of liturgical wooden sculptures, panel paintings and carved altars. Zunfthaus zur Meisen near Fraumünster church houses the porcelain and faience collection of the Swiss National Museum. The boats of the Zürichsee-Schifffahrtsgesellschaft start their round trips (Swiss National Museum–Wollishofen–Zürichhorn) on the Limmat River through the city of Zürich at the Swiss National Museum.
    Links: Top Ten Swiss Attractions, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swiss_National_Museum,
  11. Galleria Nazionale d’Art Moderna, Rome, Italy

           Galleria Nazionale d’Arte Moderna, or the National Gallery of Modern Art, is an art gallery in Rome, Italy, dedicated to modern art. It is located at Via delle Belle Arti, 113, near the Etruscan Museum. With its neoclassical and Romantic paintings and sculptures, it marks a dramatic change from the glories of the Renaissance and ancient Rome. Its 75 rooms house the largest collection of works by 19th and 20th century Italian artists including Giacomo Balla, Umberto Boccioni, Giorgio de Chirico, Giovanni Fattori, Amedeo Modigliani, Giorgio Morandi, Giacomo Manzù, Alberto Burri, Antonio Canova and Lucio Fontana. There are also a few notable works by foreign artists, including Calder, Cézanne, Duchamp, Giacometti, Braque, Degas, Wassily Kandinsky, Mondrian, Monet, Jackson Pollock, Rodin, Van Gogh and Klein.
    Links: Top Ten Italian Attractions, Top 100 Italian Paintings, Top Ten Italian Paintershttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Galleria_Nazionale_d%27Arte_Moderna,
  12. Vasa Museum, Sweden

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    Links: Top Ten Swiss Attractions, Top Ten Ships,
  13. National Museum, Stockholm, Sweden

           The National Museum of Fine Arts is the national gallery of Sweden, located on the peninsula Blasieholmen in central Stockholm. The museum exhibits an impressive art collection due to its benefactors, King Gustav III and Carl Gustaf Tessin. The museum was founded in 1792 as Kungliga Museet (“Royal Museum”), but the present building was opened in 1866, when it was renamed the Nationalmuseum. The museum is home to about half a million drawings from the Middle Ages to 1900, prominent Rembrandt and Dutch 18th century collection, and a collection of porcelain items, paintings, sculptures, and modern art as well. The museum also has an art library, open to the public as well as academics. The current building, built between 1844 and 1866, was inspired by North Italian Renaissance architecture. It is the design of the German architect Friedrich August Stüler, who also designed the Neues Museum in Berlin. The relatively closed exterior, save for the central entrance, gives no hint of the spacious interior dominated by the huge flight of stairs leading up to the topmost galleries. The museum was enlarged in 1961 to accommodate the museum workshops. The present restaurant was instated in 1996.
    Links: Top Ten German Attractionshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nationalmuseum,
  14. Ashmolean Museum, Engalnd

           The Ashmolean Museum (in full the Ashmolean Museum of Art and Archaeology) on Beaumont Street, Oxford, England, is the world’s first university museum. Its first building was built in 1678–1683 to house the cabinet of curiosities Elias Ashmole gave Oxford University in 1677. The museum reopened in 2009 after a major redevelopment. In November 2011 new galleries of Egypt and Nubia were also unveiled.
    Links: Top Ten English Attractions, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ashmolean_Museum,
  15. Museum für Völkerkunde (The Museum of Ethnology)

           The Museum of Ethnology (German: Museum für Völkerkunde) in Vienna is the largest anthropological museum in Austria, established in 1876. It currently resides in the Hofburg Imperial Palace and houses a quarter million ethnographical and archaeological objects from Asia, Africa, Oceania and America. Important collections include Mexican artifacts, with unique Aztec featherwork; part of James Cook’s collection of Polynesia and Northwest Coast art (purchased in 1806); numerous Benin bronzes; the collection of Charles von Hügel from India, Southeast Asia, and China; the contents of a museum created to house the collections form the Austrian Brazil Expedition; artifacts collected during the circumnavigation of the globe by the SMS Novara; and two of the remaining rongorongo tablets. The museum’s most famous piece is a feathered headdress believed to have belonged to Moctezuma, the last Aztec emperor, which has created friction between the Mexican and the Austrian governments. Although taken from Mexico as war booty by the Spanish in the 16th century, Austria acquired it legally from France in 1880. The Museum of Ethnology is not to be confused with the Austrian Folklore Museum, (the Österreichisches Museum für Volkskunde), which has a similar name in German but concentrates on European artifacts.
    Links: Top Ten Austrian Attractions, Palaces, Top Ten European Palaces, Top Ten Headdresses, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Museum_of_Ethnology,_Vienna,
  16. Saatchi Gallery, Chelsea, London, England

           The Saatchi Gallery is a London gallery for contemporary art, opened by Charles Saatchi in 1985 in order to show his sizeable (and changing) collection to the public. It has occupied different premises, first in North London, then the South Bank by the River Thames and currently in Chelsea. Saatchi’s collection, and hence the gallery’s shows, have had distinct phases, starting with US artists and minimalism, moving on to the Damien Hirst-led Young British Artists, followed by shows purely of painting and then exhibiting again contemporary art from America in USA Today at the Royal Academy in London. In 2008, an exhibition of contemporary Chinese art formed the inaugural exhibition in the new venue for the gallery at the Duke of York’s HQ. The gallery has been a major influence on art in Britain since its opening. It has also had a history of media controversy, which it has courted, and has had extremes of critical reaction. Many artists shown at the gallery are unknown not only to the general public but also to the commercial art world: showing at the gallery has provided a springboard to launch careers.
    Links: Top Ten English Attractionshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saatchi_Gallery,
  17. The Tate, London, England

           The Tate is an institution that houses the United Kingdom’s national collection of British Art, and International Modern and Contemporary Art. It is a network of four art museums: Tate Britain, London, Tate Liverpool, Tate St Ives, Cornwall and Tate Modern, London, with a complementary website, Tate Online (created 1998). The gallery was founded in 1897, as the National Gallery of British Art. When its role was changed to include the national collection of Modern Art as well as the national collection of British art, it was renamed the Tate Gallery after Henry Tate, who had laid the foundations for the collection. The Tate Gallery was housed in the current building occupied by Tate Britain which is situated in Millbank, London. In 2000, the Tate Gallery transformed itself into the current-day Tate, which consists of a federation of four museums: Tate Britain which displays the collection of British art from 1500 to the present day; Tate Modern which is also in London, houses the Tate’s collection of British and International Modern and Contemporary Art from 1900 to the present day. Tate Liverpool, in Liverpool has the same purpose as Tate Modern but on a smaller scale, and Tate St Ives displays Modern and Contemporary Art by artists who have connections with the area. All four museums share the Tate Collection. One of the Tate’s most publicized art events is the awarding of the annual Turner Prize, which takes place at Tate Britain.
    Links: Top Ten English Attractionshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tate_Modern,
  18. The Barcelona Museum of Contemporary Art, Spain

           The Barcelona Museum of Contemporary Art, Museu d’Art Contemporani de Barcelona, is situated in the Plaça dels Àngels, in El Raval, Ciutat Vella, Barcelona, Spain. It was designed by Richard Meier & Partners and its architectural style has strong references to Modernism. It includes a central library, specialized in art books and publications. The museum opened to the public on 28 November 1995. All the art dates from the mid-20th century onward. There are three periods of modern art represented: the first one covers the 40’s to the 60’s; the second spans the 60’s and 70’s; the third period is contemporary. The collections focus on post-1945 Catalan and Spanish art, although some foreign art is also represented. Opposite the main museum, in the medieval Convent dels Àngels for which the square is named, a chapel has been converted into a separate exposition area known as the Capella del MACBA, with regular video art performances. Entrance to this part of the museum is free. Another contemporary art museum, Centre de Cultura Contemporània de Barcelona (CCCB), is adjacent to MACBA, and accessible both from the street and from the inner patio.
    Links: Top Ten Spanish Attractions, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barcelona_Museum_of_Contemporary_Art,
  19. Galleria Borghese, Rome, Italy

           The Borghese Gallery is an art gallery in Rome, Italy, housed in the former Villa Borghese Pinciana, a building that was from the first integral with its gardens, nowadays considered quite separately by tourists as the Villa Borghese gardens. The Galleria Borghese houses a substantial part of the Borghese collection of paintings, sculpture and antiquities, begun by Cardinal Scipione Borghese, the nephew of Pope Paul V (reign 1605–1621). The Villa was built by the architect Flaminio Ponzio, developing sketches by Scipione Borghese himself, who used it as a villa suburbana, a party villa at the edge of Rome. Scipione Borghese was an early patron of Bernini and an avid collector of works by Caravaggio, who is well represented in the collection by his Boy with a Basket of Fruit, St. Jerome, Sick Bacchus and others. Other paintings of note include Titian’s Sacred and Profane Love, Raphael’s Entombment of Christ and works by Peter Paul Rubens and Federico Barocci.
    Links: Top Ten Italian Attractionshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Galleria_Borghese,
  20. National Museum, Prague, Czech Republic

    The National Museum is a Czech museum institution intended to systematically establish, prepare and publicly exhibit natural scientific and historical collections. It was founded 1818 in Prague by Kašpar Maria Šternberg. Historian František Palacký was also strongly involved. At present the National Museum houses almost 14 million items from the area of natural history, history, arts, music and librarianship.
    Links: Top Ten Czech Republic Attractions, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Museum_(Prague),
  21. Links: Museums and Galleries, Top Ten Art Museums,

Top Ten Middle Eastern Museums

Top Ten Middle Eastern Museums

  1. Israel Museum, Jerusalem

           The Israel Museum in Jerusalem was founded in 1965 as Israel’s national museum. It is situated on a hill in the Givat Ram neighborhood of Jerusalem, near the Knesset, the Israeli Supreme Court, and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Jerusalem mayor Teddy Kollek was the driving spirit behind the establishment of the museum, one of the leading art and archaeology museums in the world. The Museum has extensive collections of biblical archaeology, Judaica, ethnography, fine art, artifacts from Africa, North and South America, Oceania and the Far East, rare manuscripts, ancient glass and sculpture. A uniquely designed building on the grounds of the museum, the Shrine of the Book, houses the Dead Sea Scrolls and artifacts discovered at Masada. The museum’s holding include 500,000 objects with some 7,000 objects and works currently online. The director of the museum is James Snyder, former Deputy Director of the Museum of Modern Art in New York, who was appointed in 1997. He is currently overseeing the construction of its new entrance, designed by Jamie Carpenter. The museum covers nearly 50,000 sq. meters. It attracts 800,000 visitors a year including 100,000 children to its Youth Wing. The Samuel Bronfman Biblical and Archaeological Museum, which is a part of the museum complex, contains various archaeological finds. It has the largest collection of artifacts from Israel in the world.
    Links: Top Ten Israeli Attractions, Top Ten Jewish Artifactshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Israel_Museum,
  2. National Museum of Iraq, Baghdad

           The National Museum of Iraq is a museum located in Baghdad, Iraq. It contains precious relics from Mesopotamian civilization, thousands of which were looted in 2003 during the Iraq War. On February 23, 2009, the museum was reopened for a day by Iraqi prime minister Al-Maliki, with about half of its looted contents still missing. The museum also has been renewed by adding more room to it, with more than 12 different countries assisting, as well as the United Nations.
    Links: Top Ten Iraqi Attractions, Top 100 Sumerian Artifacts, Top Ten Akkadian Artifacts, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Museum_of_Iraq,
  3. Istanbul Museum of Antiquities, Turkey

            The Istanbul Archaeology Museums (Turkish: İstanbul Arkeoloji Müzeleri) is a group of three archeological museums located in the Eminönü district of Istanbul, Turkey, near Gülhane Park and Topkapı Palace. The Istanbul Archaeology Museums consists of three museums, the Archaeological Museum (in the main building), the Museum of the Ancient Orient and the Museum of Islamic Art (in the Tiled Kiosk). It houses over one million objects that represent almost all of the eras and civilizations in world history.
    Links: Top Ten Turkish Attractions, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Istanbul_Archaeology_Museums
  4. Rockefeller Museum, Jerusalem, Israel

           The Rockefeller Museum, formerly the Palestine Archaeological Museum, is an archaeological museum located in Jerusalem, Israel that houses a large collection of artifacts unearthed in the excavations conducted in the Land of Palestine beginning in the late 19th century. The museum building is also the head office of the Israel Antiquities Authority.
    Links: Top Ten Israeli Attractions, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rockefeller_Museum,
  5. Tel Aviv Museum of Art, Israel

           The Tel Aviv Museum of Art is an art museum in Tel Aviv, Israel. It was established in 1932 in a building that was the home of Tel Aviv’s first mayor, Meir Dizengoff. The Helena Rubinstein Pavilion for Contemporary Art opened in 1959. The museum moved to its current location on King Saul Avenue in 1971. Another wing was added in 1999 and a sculpture garden was established. The museum houses a comprehensive collection of classical and contemporary art, especially Israeli art, a sculpture garden and a youth wing.
    Links: Top Ten Israeli Attractions, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tel_Aviv_Museum_of_Art,
  6. National Art Gallery, Islamabad, Pakistan

           National Art Gallery in Islamabad, Pakistan is the country’s first national art gallery. The National Art Gallery with a covered area of 1,800 square yards, has 14 galleries with adjacent display areas, lecture halls, workshop and storage facilities, laboratories and library. The four-storey gallery has modern facilities, having an auditorium with capacity for 400, a theatre, stage facilities and an open air theatre.
    Links: Top Ten Pakistani Attractions, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Art_Gallery,_Pakistan,
  7. Links: Museums and Galleries, Artifacts, Top Ten Middle Eastern Attractions,

Top Ten Asian Museums

Top Ten Asian Museums

  1. Palace Museum, Beijing, China

    The Forbidden City was the Chinese imperial palace from the Ming Dynasty to the end of the Qing Dynasty. It is located in the middle of Beijing, China, and now houses the Palace Museum. For almost 500 years, it served as the home of emperors and their households, as well as the ceremonial and political centre of Chinese government. Built in 1406 to 1420, the complex consists of 980 surviving buildings with 8,707 bays of rooms and covers 720,000 square m (7,800,000 sq ft). The palace complex exemplifies traditional Chinese palatial architecture, and has influenced cultural and architectural developments in East Asia and elsewhere. The Forbidden City was declared a World Heritage Site in 1987, and is listed by UNESCO as the largest collection of preserved ancient wooden structures in the world. Since 1925, the Forbidden City has been under the charge of the Palace Museum, whose extensive collection of artwork and artifacts were built upon the imperial collections of the Ming and Qing dynasties. Part of the museum’s former collection is now located in the National Palace Museum in Taipei. Both museums descend from the same institution, but were split after the Chinese Civil War.
    Links: Top Ten Chinese Attractions, Top 100 Symbolshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Palace_Museum,
  2. National Palace Museum, Taipei, Taiwan

    The National Palace Museum is an art museum in Taipei, Taiwan. It is the national museum of the Republic of China, and has a permanent collection of over 677,687 pieces of ancient Chinese artifacts and artworks, making it one of the largest in the world. The collection encompasses over 8,000 years of Chinese history from the Neolithic age to the late Qing dynasty. Most of the collection are high quality pieces collected by China’s ancient emperors. In 2008, it was the 15th most visited museum in the world. The National Palace Museum and Palace Museum, located inside the Forbidden City in China, share the same original roots, which was split in two as a result of the Chinese Civil War.
    Links: Top Ten Taiwanese Attractions, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Palace_Museum,
  3. Shanghai Museum, China

           The Shanghai Museum is a museum of ancient Chinese art, situated on the People’s Square in the Huangpu District of Shanghai, People’s Republic of China. The museum has a collection of over 120,000 pieces, including bronze, ceramics, calligraphy, furniture, jades, ancient coins, paintings, seals, sculptures, minority art and foreign art. It has eleven galleries and three special temporary exhibition halls. The permanent galleries are: ancient Chinese bronze, sculpture, ceramics, jades, paintings, calligraphy, seals, numismatics, furniture in Ming and Qing dynasties, and arts and crafts by Chinese minorities. The Shanghai Museum houses several items of national importance, including one of three extant specimens of a “transparent” bronze mirror from the Han Dynasty.
    Links: Top Ten Chinese Attractions, Sculptures, Top 100 Asian Sculptureshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shanghai_Museum,
  4. Tokyo National Museum, Japan

           Established in 1872, the Tokyo National Museum is the oldest and largest museum in Japan. The museum collects, houses and preserves a comprehensive collection of art works and archaeological objects of Asia, focusing on Japan. The museum holds over 110,000 objects, which includes 87 Japanese National Treasure holdings and 610 Important Cultural Property holdings (as of July, 2005). The museum is located inside Ueno Park in Taito, Tokyo. The facilities consist of the Honkan (Japanese Gallery), Tōyōkan (Asian Gallery), Hyōkeikan, Heiseikan, Hōryū-ji Hōmotsukan (the Gallery of Hōryū-ji Treasures), as well as Shiryōkan (the Research and Information Center) and other facilities. There are restaurants and shops within the museum’s premises, as well as outdoor exhibitions and a garden where visitors can enjoy seasonal views. The museum’s collections focus on ancient Japanese art and Asian art along the Silk Road. There is also a large collection of Greco-Buddhist art.
    Links: Top Ten Japanese Attractions, Sculptures, Top 100 Asian Sculptures, Top 100 Busts, Top Ten Skeletons, Top Ten Dinosaurshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tokyo_National_Museum,
  5. National Museum New Delhi, India

    The National Museum in New Delhi is the largest museum in India. It holds variety of articles ranging from pre-historic era to modern works of art. It functions under the Ministry of Culture, Government of India. The museum is situated on the corner of Janpath and Maulana Azad Road. It also houses the National Museum Institute of History of Art, Conservation and Museology established in 1983 and now a Deemed University since 1989 and runs Masters and Doctoral level courses in History of Art, Art Conservation and Art restoration.
    Links: Top Ten Indian Attractions, Sculptures, Top 100 Asian Sculptures, Top 100 Busts, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Museum,_New_Delhi,
  6. Hong Kong Museum of Art, Hong Kong

           The Hong Kong Museum of Art is the main art museum of Hong Kong. The museum was established as the City Hall Museum and Art Gallery in the City Hall in Central by the Urban Council in 1962. In 1991, it was moved to the present premises at 10 Salisbury Road, near the Hong Kong Cultural Centre and the Hong Kong Space Museum, in Tsim Sha Tsui. It is currently managed by the Leisure and Cultural Services Department of the Hong Kong Government. A branch museum, the Flagstaff House Museum of Tea Ware, is situated in the Hong Kong Park. The museum changes its displays regularly. The exhibitions in the museum are mainly of paintings, calligraphy and sculpture from Hong Kong, China and other parts of the world.
    Links: Top Ten Chinese Attractions, Top Ten Hong Kong Attractionshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hong_Kong_Museum_of_Art,
  7. National Museum of Korea, Seoul, South Korea

           The National Museum of Korea is the flagship museum of Korean history and art in South Korea and is the cultural organization that represents Korea. Since its establishment in 1945, the museum has been committed to various studies and research activities in the fields of archaeology, history, and art, continuously developing a variety of exhibitions and education programs. In October 2005, the museum opened in a new building in Yongsan Family Park in Seoul, South Korea. The museum contains over 220,000 pieces in its collection with about 13,000 pieces on display at one time. It displays relics and artifacts throughout six permanent exhibition galleries such as Archaeological Gallery, Historical Gallery, Fine Arts Gallery I, Donation Gallery, Fine Arts Gallery II, and Asian Art Gallery. It is the sixth largest museum in the world in terms of floor space, now covering a total of 137,201 square m (1,480,000 sq ft). In order to protect the artifacts inside the museum, the main building was built to withstand a magnitude 6.0 Richter Scale earthquake. The display cases are equipped with shock-absorbent platforms. There is also an imported natural lighting system which utilizes sunlight instead of artificial lights and a specially-designed air-conditioning system. The museum is also made from fire-resistant materials. It also has special exhibition halls, education facilities, a children’s museum, huge outdoor exhibition areas, restaurants, cafes, shops and other amenities.
    Links: Top Ten South Korean Attractions, Top Ten Crowns, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Museum_of_Korea,
  8. National Gallery of Modern Art, New Delhi, India

    The National Gallery of Modern Art was established on March 29, 1954 by the Government of India, with a gallery in New Delhi. Its collection of more than 14,000 works includes artists such as Thomas Daniell, Raja Ravi Verma, Abanindranath Tagore, Rabindranath Tagore, Gaganendranath Tagore, Nandalal Bose, Jamini Roy, Amrita Sher-Gil as well as foreign artists, apart from sculptures by various artists. Some of the oldest works preserved here date back to 1857
    Links: Top Ten Indian Attractions, Top 100 Indian Paintingshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Gallery_of_Modern_Art,
  9. Zainul Gallery, Dhaka, Bangladesh

           Jainul Abedin Museum or the Shilpacharya Zainul Abedin Museum is an art museum in Mymensingh, Bangladesh. It was established in 1975. It contains the collections of the artist Zainul Abedin.
    Links: Top Ten Bangladeshi Attractions, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zainul_Gallery,
  10. Indonesia Museum

           The Indonesia Museum is an anthropology and ethnological museum located in Taman Mini Indonesia Indah (TMII), Jakarta, Indonesia. The museum concentrated on arts and cultures of various ethnic groups that inhabit Indonesian archipelago and formed the modern nation of Indonesia. The museum, a richly decorated building in Balinese architecture, houses traditional and contemporary arts, crafts and traditional costumes from the different regions of the nation.
    Links: Top Ten Indonesian Attractions, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indonesia_Museum,
  11. Indonesian National Gallery, Jakarta

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    Links: Top Ten Indonesian Attractions,
  12. Links: Museums and Galleries, Top Ten Art Museums, Top Ten Asian Attractions, Top Ten Asian Cities,

Top Ten African Museums

Top Ten African Museums

Iziko_South_African_National_Gallery

  1. Musuem of Egyptian Antiquities, Cairo, Egypt
    Tutankhamun-Necklace-Museum-of-Antiquities-in-Cairo-Egypt
    The Museum of Egyptian Antiquities, known commonly as the Egyptian Museum, in Cairo, Egypt, is home to an extensive collection of ancient Egyptian antiquities. It has 120,000 items, with a representative amount on display and the remainder in storerooms. The museum’s Royal Mummy Room, containing 27 royal mummies from pharaonic times, was closed on the orders of President Anwar Sadat in 1981. It was reopened, with a slightly curtailed display of New Kingdom kings and queens in 1985. Today there are about 9 mummies displayed. One of them is the newly discovered mummy of Queen Hatshepsut.
    Links: Top Ten Egyptian Artifacts, Top Ten Egyptian Attractions, Top Ten Pharaohs, Top Ten Mummies, Top 100 Gold Artifactshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cairo_Museum,
  2. Museum of Islamic Art, Cairo, Egypt

           The Museum entirely faces Historic Cairo. A beautiful garden with a fountain once led to the first entrance but was later removed. The entrance on Port Said Street features a very luxurious facade, rich with decorations and recesses inspired by Islamic architecture in Egypt from various periods. The Museum is a two-story building; the first floor comprises the exhibition halls and the second floor comprises the general stores. The basement contains a store connected with the Restoration Section. The Museum is considered one of the greatest in the world with its exceptional collection of rare woodwork and plaster, as well as metal, ceramic, glass, crystal, and textile objects of all periods, from all over the Islamic world. It houses more than 102,000 objects. The Museum carries out archaeological excavations in the Fustat Area and has organized a number of National and International Exhibitions.
    Links: Top Ten Egyptian Attractions, Top Ten Islamic Artifacts, Top Ten Chestshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Museum_of_Islamic_Art,_Cairo,
  3. Johannesburg Art Gallery, Johannesburg

           The Johannesburg Art Gallery is an art gallery located in Joubert Park, in the central business district of Johannesburg, South Africa. The building was designed by Edward Lutyens and consists of 15 exhibition halls and sculpture gardens. It houses collections of 17th century Dutch paintings, 18th and 19th century British and European art, 19th century South African works, a large contemporary collection of 20th century local and international art and a print cabinet containing works from the 15th century to the present.
    Links: Top Ten South African Attractions, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johannesburg_Art_Gallery,
  4. South African National Gallery, Cape Town
    Iziko_South_African_National_Gallery
             The South African National Gallery, known locally as is the national art gallery of South Africa located in Cape Town. The collection began in 1872 with the donation of Sir Thomas Butterworth’s personal gallery. Various other patrons have contributed over the years and the assemblage today consists largely of Dutch, French and British works from the 17th to the 19th century. This includes lithographs, etchings and some early 20th century British paintings. Contemporary art work displayed in the gallery is selected from many of South Africa’s communities and the gallery houses an authoritative collection of sculpture and beadwork.
    Links: Top Ten South African Attractions, Sculptures, Top 100 African Sculptures, Paintings, Top 100 African PaintingsTop 100 Masks, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/South_African_National_Gallery,
  5. Museum Africa, Johannesburg

           The museum was established in 1933, when the Johannesburg Public Library bought a large quantity of African material culture and books from John Gaspard Gubbins. From the mid 1930’s, the museum’s scope widened to include all aspects of African cultural history and material culture. In 1994, after the fall of apartheid and the institution of democratic government in South Africa, the museum was refurbished and renamed MuseuMAfricA. The museum is housed in the city’s former fruit and vegetable market in Newtown, built in 1913, located opposite the Market Theatre. The museum has collections of African material culture from across the continent, including noted collections of tokens, musical instruments and head-rests.
    Links: Top Ten South African Attractions, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MuseuMAfricA,
  6. National Gallery of Zimbabwe, Harare

           The National Gallery of Zimbabwe is a gallery in Harare, Zimbabwe, dedicated to the presentation and conservation of Zimbabwe’s contemporary art and visual heritage. The Original “National Gallery of Rhodesia” was designed and Directed by Frank McEwen, a British citizen credited with bringing the Shona Sculpture to the spotlight. The National Gallery in Bulawayo is a branch of the in Zimbabwe’s second city, Bulawayo. Directors of the National Gallery in Bulawayo include Stephen Williams, Yvonne Vera and Addelis Sibutha. The National Gallery of Zimbabwe in Mutare was opened in 1999 at Kopje House. The building itself dates from 1897 and was Mutare’s first hospital. It was designated a Culture House under National Museums and Monuments before becoming the gallery.
    Links: Top Ten Zimbabwean Attractions, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Gallery_of_Zimbabwe,
  7. Links: Museums and Galleries, Top Ten Art Museums, Top 100 African Artifacts, Top 100 African Paintings,

Top Ten Art Museums

Top Ten Art Museums

  1. The Louvre, Paris, France

    The Musée du Louvre is one of the worlds largest and the most visited museum in the world. It is a central landmark of Paris, France and is located on the Right Bank of the Seine in the 1st district. Nearly 35,000 objects from prehistory to the 19th century are exhibited over an area of 60,600 square m (652,300 square feet). The museum is housed in the Louvre Palace which began as a fortress built in the late 12th century under Philip II. Remnants of the fortress are still visible. The building was extended many times to form the present Louvre Palace. In 1672, Louis XIV chose the Palace of Versailles for his household, leaving the Louvre primarily as a place to display the royal collection, including, from 1692, a collection of antique sculptures. In 1692, the building was occupied by the Académie des Inscriptions et Belles Lettres and the Académie Royale de Peinture et de Sculpture, which in 1699 held the first of a series of salons. The Académie remained at the Louvre for 100 years. During the French Revolution, the National Assembly decreed that the Louvre should be used as a museum, to display the nation’s masterpieces. The museum opened on 10 August 1793 with an exhibition of 537 paintings, the majority of the works being confiscated church and royal property. Because of structural problems with the building, the museum was closed in 1796 until 1801. The size of the collection increased under Napoleon when the museum was renamed the Musée Napoléon. After his defeat at Waterloo, many works seized by Napoleon’s armies were returned to their original owners. The collection was further increased during the reigns of Louis XVIII and Charles X, and during the Second French Empire the museum gained 20,000 pieces. Holdings have grown steadily through donations and gifts since the Third Republic, except during the two World Wars. As of 2008, the collection is divided among eight curatorial departments: Egyptian Antiquities; Near Eastern Antiquities; Greek, Etruscan, and Roman Antiquities; Islamic Art; Sculpture; Decorative Arts; Paintings; Prints and Drawings.
    Links: Top Ten French Attractions, Top Ten European Museums, Top 100 French Paintings, Top Ten French Painters, http://www.louvre.fr/llv/commun/home.jsp?bmLocale=en, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Louvre,
  2. Vatican Museum, Vatican City
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    The Vatican Museums, Musei Vaticani, are located in Viale Vaticano, Rome, inside Vatican City. They are among the greatest museums in the world, since they display works from the immense collection built up by the Roman Catholic Church throughout the centuries. Pope Julius II founded the museums in the 16th century. The Sistine Chapel and the Stanze della Segnatura decorated by Raphael are on the visitor route through the Vatican Museums. They were visited by 4,310,083 people in 2007.
    Links: Top Ten Vatican City Attractions, Top Ten Italian Attractions, Top Ten European Museums, Top Ten Italian Museums, Top 100 Italian Paintings, Top Ten Italian Painters, Top Ten Vatican City Works of Art, http://mv.vatican.va/3_EN/pages/MV_Home.html,
  3. New York Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City, USA

    The Metropolitan Museum of Art, or ‘The Met,’ is an art museum located on the eastern edge of Central Park, along what is known as Museum Mile in New York City. It has a permanent collection containing more than 2 million works of art, divided into 19 curatorial departments. The main building, often referred to simply as “The Met,” is one of the world’s largest art galleries; there is also a much smaller second location in Upper Manhattan, at “The Cloisters,” which features medieval art. Represented in the permanent collection are works of art from classical antiquity and Ancient Egypt, paintings and sculptures from nearly all the European masters, and an extensive collection of American and modern art. The Met also maintains extensive holdings of African, Asian, Oceanic, Byzantine and Islamic art. The museum is also home to encyclopedic collections of musical instruments, costumes and accessories, and antique weapons and armor from around the world. A number of notable interiors, ranging from 1st century Rome through modern American design, are permanently installed in the Met’s galleries. The Metropolitan Museum of Art was founded in 1870 by a group of American citizens. The founders included businessmen and financiers, as well as leading artists and thinkers of the day, who wanted to open a museum to bring art and art education to the American people. It opened on February 20, 1872, and was originally located at 681 Fifth Avenue. As of 2007, the Met measures almost 1⁄4-mile (400 m) long and occupies more than 2,000,000 square feet (190,000 m2).
    Links: Top Ten US Attractions, Top Ten North American Museums, Top Ten US Museums, Top 100 US Paintings, Top 10 US Painters, http://www.metmuseum.org/, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Metropolitan_Museum_of_Art,
  4. Hermitage, St. Petersburg, Russia

    The State Hermitage is a museum of art and culture in Saint Petersburg, Russia. One of the largest and oldest museums of the world, it was founded in 1764 by Catherine the Great and open to the public since 1852. Its collections, of which only a small part is on permanent display, comprise nearly 3 million items, including the largest collection of paintings in the world. The collections occupy a large complex of six historic buildings along Palace Embankment, including the Winter Palace, a former residence of Russian emperors. Apart from them, the Menshikov Palace, Museum of Porcelain, Storage Facility at Staraya Derevnya and the eastern wing of the General Staff Building also make part of the museum. The museum has several exhibition centers abroad. The Hermitage is a federal state property. Since 1990, the director of the museum has been Mikhail Piotrovsky. Out of six buildings of the main museum complex, four, namely the Winter Palace, Small Hermitage, Old Hermitage and New Hermitage, are partially open to the public. The other two are Hermitage Theatre and the Reserve House. The entrance ticket for foreign tourists costs several times as much as the fee paid by Russian citizens. However, the entrance is free of charge the first Thursday of every month for all visitors and daily for students and children. The museum is closed on Mondays. Entrance is in the Winter Palace from Palace Embankment or the Courtyard.
    Links: Top Ten Russian Attractions, Top Ten European Museums, Top Ten Russian Museums, Top 100 Russian Paintings, Top Ten Russian Painters, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hermitage_Museum,
  5. Palace Museum, Beijing, China

    The Forbidden City was the Chinese imperial palace from the Ming Dynasty to the end of the Qing Dynasty. It is located in the middle of Beijing, China, and now houses the Palace Museum. For almost 500 years, it served as the home of emperors and their households, as well as the ceremonial and political centre of Chinese government. Built in 1406 to 1420, the complex consists of 980 surviving buildings with 8,707 bays of rooms and covers 720,000 square m (7,800,000 sq ft). The palace complex exemplifies traditional Chinese palatial architecture, and has influenced cultural and architectural developments in East Asia and elsewhere. The Forbidden City was declared a World Heritage Site in 1987, and is listed by UNESCO as the largest collection of preserved ancient wooden structures in the world. Since 1925, the Forbidden City has been under the charge of the Palace Museum, whose extensive collection of artwork and artifacts were built upon the imperial collections of the Ming and Qing dynasties. Part of the museum’s former collection is now located in the National Palace Museum in Taipei. Both museums descend from the same institution, but were split after the Chinese Civil War.
    Links: Top Ten Chinese Attractions, Top Ten Asian Museums, Top Ten Chinese Museums, Top 100 Chinese Paintings, Top 10 Chinese Painters, Top 100 Symbols, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Palace_Museum,
  6. Uffizi Gallery, Florence, Italy

           The Uffizi Gallery is one of the oldest and most famous art museums of the Western world. It is housed in the Palazzo degli Uffizi, a palazzo in Florence, Italy.
    Links: Top Ten Italian Attractions, Top Ten European Museums, Top Ten Italian Museums, Top 100 Italian Paintings, Top Ten Italian Painters, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uffizi_Gallery,
  7. The Museo del Prado, Madrid, Spain

           The Museo del Prado is a museum and art gallery located in Madrid, the capital of Spain. It features one of the world’s finest collections of European art, from the 12th century to the early 19th century, based on the former Spanish Royal Collection. Founded as a museum of paintings and sculpture, it also contains important collections of more than 5,000 drawings, 2,000 prints, 1,000 coins and medals, and almost 2,000 decorative objects and works of art. Sculpture is represented by more than 700 works and by a smaller number of sculptural fragments. The painting collection comprises about 7,800 paintings, of which only about 1,300 are at public display, mainly because of the museum’s lack of space. A new, recently opened wing enlarged the display area by about 400 paintings, and it is currently used mainly for temporary expositions. El Prado is one of the most visited sites in Madrid, and it is considered to be among the greatest museums of art in the world.
    Links: Top Ten Spanish Attractions, Top Ten European Museums, Top Ten Spanish Museums, Top 100 Spanish Paintings, Top Ten Spanish Painters, Sculptures, Top 100 European Sculptureshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prado_Museum,
  8. Egyptian Museum, Cairo, Egypt
    Tutankhamun-Necklace-Museum-of-Antiquities-in-Cairo-Egypt
    The Museum of Egyptian Antiquities, known commonly as the Egyptian Museum, in Cairo, Egypt, is home to an extensive collection of ancient Egyptian antiquities. It has 120,000 items, with a representative amount on display and the remainder in storerooms. The museum’s Royal Mummy Room, containing 27 royal mummies from pharaonic times, was closed on the orders of President Anwar Sadat in 1981. It was reopened, with a slightly curtailed display of New Kingdom kings and queens in 1985. Today there are about 9 mummies displayed. One of them is the newly discovered mummy of Queen Hatshepsut.
    Links: Top Ten Egyptian Attractions, Top Ten African Museums, Top Ten Egyptian Artifacts, Top Ten Pharaohs, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cairo_Museum,
  9. Museum of Modern Art, New York, US

           The Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) is an art museum located in Midtown Manhattan in New York City, on 53rd Street, between Fifth and Sixth Avenues. It has been singularly important in developing and collecting modernist art, and is often identified as the most influential museum of modern art in the world. The museum’s collection offers an unparalleled overview in modern and contemporary art, including works of architecture and design, drawings, painting, sculpture, photography, prints, illustrated books and artist’s books, film, and electronic media. MoMA’s library and archives hold over 300,000 books, artist books and periodicals, as well as individual files on more than 70,000 artists. The archives contain primary source material related to the history of modern and contemporary art. It also houses an award-winning fine dining restaurant, The Modern, run by Alsace-born chef Gabriel Kreuther.
    Links: Top Ten US AttractionsTop Ten North American Museums, Top Ten US Museums, Top 100 US Paintings, Top 10 US Painters, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moma_New_York,
  10. Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, Netherlands

           The Rijksmuseum is a Dutch national museum in Amsterdam, located on the Museumplein. The museum is dedicated to arts, crafts, and history. It has a large collection of paintings from the Dutch Golden Age and a substantial collection of Asian art. It also displays the stern of the HMS Royal Charles which was captured in the Raid on the Medway and the Hartog plate.
    Links: Top Ten Dutch Attractions, Top Ten Dutch Museums, Top Ten Vincent van Gogh Paintings, Top Ten Rembrandt Paintings, Top Ten Portrait Paintings, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rijksmuseum_Amsterdam,
  11. Pergamon Museum, Berlin, Germany

    The Pergamon Museum is situated on the Museum Island in Berlin. The site was designed by Alfred Messel and Ludwig Hoffmann and was constructed in 20 years, from 1910 to 1930. The Pergamon houses original-sized, reconstructed monumental buildings such as the Pergamon Altar, the Market Gate of Miletus, all consisting of parts transported from Turkey. There is controversy over the legitimacy of the acquisition of the collection. It was suggested that the collection should be returned to Turkey (original country of the excavations). The museum is subdivided into the antiquity collection, the Middle East museum, and the museum of Islamic art. The museum is visited by approximately 1,135,000 people every year, making it the most visited art museum in Germany (2007).
    Links: Top Ten German Attractions, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pergamon_Museum,
  12. The Guggenheim, Bilbao, Spain

           The Guggenheim Museum Bilbao is a museum of modern and contemporary art designed by Canadian-American architect Frank Gehry, built by Ferrovial and located in Bilbao, Basque Country, Spain. It is built alongside the Nervion River, which runs through the city of Bilbao to the Atlantic Coast. The Guggenheim is one of several museums belonging to the Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation. The museum features permanent and visiting exhibits of works by Spanish and international artists.
    Links: Top Ten Spanish Attractions, Top Ten European Museums, Top Ten Spanish Museums, Top 100 Spanish Paintings, Top Ten Spanish Painters, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guggenheim_Museum_Bilbao,
  13. Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna, Austria

           
    The Kunsthistorisches Museum, “Museum of Art History,” also often referred to as the “Museum of Fine Arts,” is an art museum in Vienna, Austria. Housed in its festive palatial building on Ringstraße, it is crowned with an octagonal dome. The term Kunsthistorisches Museum applies to both the institution and the main building. It was opened in 1891 at the same time as the Naturhistorisches Museum, by Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria-Hungary. The two museums have identical exteriors and face each other across Maria-Theresien-Platz. Both buildings were built between 1872 and 1891 according to plans drawn up by Gottfried Semper and Karl Freiherr von Hasenauer. The two Ringstraße museums were commissioned by the Emperor in order to find a suitable shelter for the Habsburgs’ formidable art collection and to make it accessible to the general public. The façade was built of sandstone. The building is rectangular in shape, and topped with a dome that is 60 m high. The inside of the building is lavishly decorated with marble, stucco ornamentations, gold-leaf and paintings.
    Links: Top Ten Austrian Attractions, Sculptures, Top 100 European SculpturesTop 100 PaintingsTop Ten Paintings by RaphaelTop Ten Paintings by Pieter Brueghelhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kunsthistorisches_Museum,
  14. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C., USA

           The Smithsonian Institution is an educational and research institute and associated museum complex, administered and funded by the government of the United States and by funds from its endowment, contributions, and profits from its retail operations, concessions, licensing activities and magazines. Most of its facilities are located in Washington, D.C., but its 19 museums, zoo and 9 research centers include sites in New York City, Virginia and Panama among others. It has over 136 million items in its collections, publishes two magazines named Smithsonian (monthly) and Air & Space (bimonthly), and employs the Smithsonian Police to protect visitors, staff, and the property of the museums.
    Links: Top Ten US Attractions, Top Ten North American Museums, Top Ten US Museums, Top 100 US Paintings, Top 10 US Painters, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smithsonian_Institution,
  15. Swiss National Museum, Switzerland

           The Swiss National Museum, part of the Musée Suisse Group, itself affiliated with the Federal Office of Culture, is one of the most important art museums of cultural history in Europe and the world. It is located in the city of Zurich, Switzerland’s largest city, next to the Hauptbahnhof. The museum building of 1898 in the historicist style was built by Gustav Gull in the form of the French Renaissance city chateaus. His impressive architecture with dozens of towers, courts and his astonishing park on an island between the rivers Sihl and Limmat has become one of the main sights of the Old City District of Zurich. The exhibition tour takes the visitor from prehistory through ancient times and the Middle Ages to the 20th century (classic modern art and art of the 16th, 17th and 18th century is settled mainly in the Kunsthaus Museum in a different part of the city of Zurich). There is a very rich section with gothic art, chivalry and a comprehensive collection of liturgical wooden sculptures, panel paintings and carved altars. Zunfthaus zur Meisen near Fraumünster church houses the porcelain and faience collection of the Swiss National Museum. The boats of the Zürichsee-Schifffahrtsgesellschaft start their round trips (Swiss National Museum–Wollishofen–Zürichhorn) on the Limmat River through the city of Zürich at the Swiss National Museum.
    Links: Top Ten Swiss Attractions, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swiss_National_Museum,
  16. Galleria Nazionale d’Art Moderna, Rome, Italy

           Galleria Nazionale d’Arte Moderna, or the National Gallery of Modern Art, is an art gallery in Rome, Italy, dedicated to modern art. It is located at Via delle Belle Arti, 113, near the Etruscan Museum. With its neoclassical and Romantic paintings and sculptures, it marks a dramatic change from the glories of the Renaissance and ancient Rome. Its 75 rooms house the largest collection of works by 19th and 20th century Italian artists including Giacomo Balla, Umberto Boccioni, Giorgio de Chirico, Giovanni Fattori, Amedeo Modigliani, Giorgio Morandi, Giacomo Manzù, Alberto Burri, Antonio Canova and Lucio Fontana. There are also a few notable works by foreign artists, including Calder, Cézanne, Duchamp, Giacometti, Braque, Degas, Wassily Kandinsky, Mondrian, Monet, Jackson Pollock, Rodin, Van Gogh and Klein.
    Links: Top Ten Italian AttractionsTop 100 Italian PaintingsTop Ten Italian Paintershttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Galleria_Nazionale_d%27Arte_Moderna,
  17. Vasa Museum, Sweden

    Description:
    Links: Top Ten Swiss Attractions, Top Ten Ships,
  18. National Museum, Stockholm, Sweden

           The National Museum of Fine Arts is the national gallery of Sweden, located on the peninsula Blasieholmen in central Stockholm. The museum exhibits an impressive art collection due to its benefactors, King Gustav III and Carl Gustaf Tessin. The museum was founded in 1792 as Kungliga Museet (“Royal Museum”), but the present building was opened in 1866, when it was renamed the Nationalmuseum. The museum is home to about half a million drawings from the Middle Ages to 1900, prominent Rembrandt and Dutch 18th century collection, and a collection of porcelain items, paintings, sculptures, and modern art as well. The museum also has an art library, open to the public as well as academics. The current building, built between 1844 and 1866, was inspired by North Italian Renaissance architecture. It is the design of the German architect Friedrich August Stüler, who also designed the Neues Museum in Berlin. The relatively closed exterior, save for the central entrance, gives no hint of the spacious interior dominated by the huge flight of stairs leading up to the topmost galleries. The museum was enlarged in 1961 to accommodate the museum workshops. The present restaurant was instated in 1996.
    Links: Top Ten German Attractionshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nationalmuseum,
  19. Ashmolean Museum, Engalnd

           The Ashmolean Museum (in full the Ashmolean Museum of Art and Archaeology) on Beaumont Street, Oxford, England, is the world’s first university museum. Its first building was built in 1678–1683 to house the cabinet of curiosities Elias Ashmole gave Oxford University in 1677. The museum reopened in 2009 after a major redevelopment. In November 2011 new galleries of Egypt and Nubia were also unveiled.
    Links: Top Ten English Attractionshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ashmolean_Museum,
  20. Museum für Völkerkunde (The Museum of Ethnology), Austria

           The Museum of Ethnology (German: Museum für Völkerkunde) in Vienna is the largest ant

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    pological museum in Austria, established in 1876. It currently resides in the Hofburg Imperial Palace and houses a quarter million ethnographical and archaeological objects from Asia, Africa, Oceania and America. Important collections include Mexican artifacts, with unique Aztec featherwork; part of James Cook’s collection of Polynesia and Northwest Coast art (purchased in 1806); numerous Benin bronzes; the collection of Charles von Hügel from India, Southeast Asia, and China; the contents of a museum created to house the collections form the Austrian Brazil Expedition; artifacts collected during the circumnavigation of the globe by the SMS Novara; and two of the remaining rongorongo tablets. The museum’s most famous piece is a feathered headdress believed to have belonged to Moctezuma, the last Aztec emperor, which has created friction between the Mexican and the Austrian governments. Although taken from Mexico as war booty by the Spanish in the 16th century, Austria acquired it legally from France in 1880. The Museum of Ethnology is not to be confused with the Austrian Folklore Museum, (the Österreichisches Museum für Volkskunde), which has a similar name in German but concentrates on European artifacts.

    Links: Top Ten Austrian Attractions, Palaces, Top Ten European PalacesTop Ten Headdresseshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Museum_of_Ethnology,_Vienna,

  21. Saatchi Gallery, Chelsea, London, England

           The Saatchi Gallery is a London gallery for contemporary art, opened by Charles Saatchi in 1985 in order to show his sizeable (and changing) collection to the public. It has occupied different premises, first in North London, then the South Bank by the River Thames and currently in Chelsea. Saatchi’s collection, and hence the gallery’s shows, have had distinct phases, starting with US artists and minimalism, moving on to the Damien Hirst-led Young British Artists, followed by shows purely of painting and then exhibiting again contemporary art from America in USA Today at the Royal Academy in London. In 2008, an exhibition of contemporary Chinese art formed the inaugural exhibition in the new venue for the gallery at the Duke of York’s HQ. The gallery has been a major influence on art in Britain since its opening. It has also had a history of media controversy, which it has courted, and has had extremes of critical reaction. Many artists shown at the gallery are unknown not only to the general public but also to the commercial art world: showing at the gallery has provided a springboard to launch careers.
    Links: Top Ten English Attractionshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saatchi_Gallery,
  22. The Tate, London, England

           The Tate is an institution that houses the United Kingdom’s national collection of British Art, and International Modern and Contemporary Art. It is a network of four art museums: Tate Britain, London, Tate Liverpool, Tate St Ives, Cornwall and Tate Modern, London, with a complementary website, Tate Online (created 1998). The gallery was founded in 1897, as the National Gallery of British Art. When its role was changed to include the national collection of Modern Art as well as the national collection of British art, it was renamed the Tate Gallery after Henry Tate, who had laid the foundations for the collection. The Tate Gallery was housed in the current building occupied by Tate Britain which is situated in Millbank, London. In 2000, the Tate Gallery transformed itself into the current-day Tate, which consists of a federation of four museums: Tate Britain which displays the collection of British art from 1500 to the present day; Tate Modern which is also in London, houses the Tate’s collection of British and International Modern and Contemporary Art from 1900 to the present day. Tate Liverpool, in Liverpool has the same purpose as Tate Modern but on a smaller scale, and Tate St Ives displays Modern and Contemporary Art by artists who have connections with the area. All four museums share the Tate Collection. One of the Tate’s most publicized art events is the awarding of the annual Turner Prize, which takes place at Tate Britain.
    Links: Top Ten English Attractions, Top Ten European Museums, Top Ten English Museums, Top 100 English Paintings, Top Ten English Painters, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tate_Modern,
  23. The Barcelona Museum of Contemporary Art, Spain

           The Barcelona Museum of Contemporary Art, Museu d’Art Contemporani de Barcelona, is situated in the Plaça dels Àngels, in El Raval, Ciutat Vella, Barcelona, Spain. It was designed by Richard Meier & Partners and its architectural style has strong references to Modernism. It includes a central library, specialized in art books and publications. The museum opened to the public on 28 November 1995. All the art dates from the mid-20th century onward. There are three periods of modern art represented: the first one covers the 40’s to the 60’s; the second spans the 60’s and 70’s; the third period is contemporary. The collections focus on post-1945 Catalan and Spanish art, although some foreign art is also represented. Opposite the main museum, in the medieval Convent dels Àngels for which the square is named, a chapel has been converted into a separate exposition area known as the Capella del MACBA, with regular video art performances. Entrance to this part of the museum is free. Another contemporary art museum, Centre de Cultura Contemporània de Barcelona (CCCB), is adjacent to MACBA, and accessible both from the street and from the inner patio.
    Links: Top Ten Spanish Attractions, Top Ten European Museums, Top Ten Spanish Museums, Top 100 Spanish Paintings, Top Ten Spanish Painters, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barcelona_Museum_of_Contemporary_Art,
  24. Los Angeles County Museum of Art, USA

           The Los Angeles County Museum of Art is an art museum in Los Angeles, California. It is located on Wilshire Boulevard along Museum Row in the Miracle Mile vicinity of Los Angeles, adjacent to the George C. Page Museum and La Brea Tar Pits. LACMA is the largest encyclopedic museum west of Chicago and attracts nearly one million visitors annually. Its holdings include more than 100,000 works spanning the history of art from ancient times to the present. In addition to art exhibits, the museum features film and concert series throughout the year.
    Links: Top Ten US Attractions, Top Ten North American Museums, Top Ten US Museums, Top 100 US Paintings, Top 10 US Painters, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Los_Angeles_County_Museum_of_Art,
  25. Galleria Borghese, Rome, Italy

           The Borghese Gallery is an art gallery in Rome, Italy, housed in the former Villa Borghese Pinciana, a building that was from the first integral with its gardens, nowadays considered quite separately by tourists as the Villa Borghese gardens. The Galleria Borghese houses a substantial part of the Borghese collection of paintings, sculpture and antiquities, begun by Cardinal Scipione Borghese, the nephew of Pope Paul V (reign 1605–1621). The Villa was built by the architect Flaminio Ponzio, developing sketches by Scipione Borghese himself, who used it as a villa suburbana, a party villa at the edge of Rome. Scipione Borghese was an early patron of Bernini and an avid collector of works by Caravaggio, who is well represented in the collection by his Boy with a Basket of Fruit, St. Jerome, Sick Bacchus and others. Other paintings of note include Titian’s Sacred and Profane Love, Raphael’s Entombment of Christ and works by Peter Paul Rubens and Federico Barocci.
    Links: Top Ten Italian AttractionsTop Ten European Museums, Top Ten Italian Museums, Top 100 Italian Paintings, Top Ten Italian Painters, Top Ten Paintings of the Last Supperhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Galleria_Borghese,
  26. National Palace Museum, Taipei, Taiwan

           The National Palace Museum is an art museum in Taipei, Taiwan. It is the national museum of the Republic of China, and has a permanent collection of over 677,687 pieces of ancient Chinese artifacts and artworks, making it one of the largest in the world. The collection encompasses over 8,000 years of Chinese history from the Neolithic age to the late Qing dynasty. Most of the collection are high quality pieces collected by China’s ancient emperors. In 2008, it was the 15th most visited museum in the world. The National Palace Museum and Palace Museum, located inside the Forbidden City in China, share the same original roots, which was split in two as a result of the Chinese Civil War.
    Links: Top Ten Taiwanese Attractions, Top Ten Asian Museums, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Palace_Museum,
  27. Museu Nacional de Belas Artes, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

           The Museu Nacional de Belas Artes (National Museum of Fine Arts) is an art museum located in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It is considered one of the most important Brazilian museums. Since its beginning in 1808, the collection of works of art has been enormously expanded and now has around 16,000 items. The collections include painting, sculpture, drawing as well as decorative arts, furniture, folk art and African art.
    Links: Top Ten Brazilian Attractions, Top Ten South American Museums, Top 100 Brazilian Paintings, Top Ten Brazilian Painters, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Museu_Nacional_de_Belas_Artes,
  28. Bonus: Museum of Extraterrestrial Remains

    Description:
    Links: Extraterrestrial Species, Top Ten Extraterrestrial Related Artifacts,
  29. Links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Art_museum,  http://www.askmen.com/top_10/travel_top_ten_150/187_travel_top_ten.html,