Top Ten South American Museums

Top Ten South American Museums

  1. Museu Nacional de Belas Artes, Rio de Janeiro, Bazil

    The Museu Nacional de Belas Artes (National Museum of Fine Arts) is an art museum located in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It is considered one of the most important Brazilian museums. Since its beginning in 1808, the collection of works of art has been enormously expanded and now has around 16,000 items. The collections include painting, sculpture, drawing as well as decorative arts, furniture, folk art and African art.
    Links: Top Ten Brazilian Attractions, Top 100 Brazilian Paintings, Top Ten Brazilian Painters,,
  2. São Paulo Museum of Art, Brazil

    The São Paulo Museum of Art is located on Paulista Avenue in the city of São Paulo, Brazil. It’s well known for its headquarters, a 1968 concrete and glass structure designed by Lina Bo Bardi, whose main body is supported by two lateral beams over a 74 meters freestanding space, considered a landmark of the city and a main symbol of modern Brazilian architecture. The museum is a non-profit making private institution founded in 1947 by Assis Chateaubriand and Pietro Maria Bardi. MASP distinguished itself for many important initiatives concerning museology and art education in Brazil, as well as for its pioneer role as a cultural center. It was also the first Brazilian museum interested in Post-World War II artistic tendencies. The museum is internationally recognized for its collection of Western art, considered the finest in Latin America and all Southern Hemisphere. It also shelters an emphatic assemblage of Brazilian art, prints and drawings, as well as smaller collections of African and Asian art, antiquities, decorative arts, and others, amounting to more than 8,000 pieces. MASP also has one of the largest art libraries of the country. The entire collection is listed as Brazilian National Heritage.
    Links: Top Ten Brazilian Attractions,,
  3. The Gold Museum, Bogota, Colombia

    The collection of artifacts in the Gold Museum in Bogota is the most important collection of gold art works in the world. With over 35,000 pieces of gold artifacts, most of which are on exhibit daily.
    Links: Top Ten Colombian Attractions, Top 100 Gold Artifacts,
  4. Museo de Oro, Lima, Peru

    Links: Top Ten Peruvian, Top 100 Masks,
  5. Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes, Santiago, Chile

           The Chilean National Museum of Fine Arts is located in Santiago, Chile and is one of the major centers for the arts in the South America. Established in 1880 (making it the oldest in South America), the organization is managed by the “Artistic Union” (Unión Artística). The current building, the “Palace of the Fine Arts” (el Palacio de Bellas Artes), dates to 1910 and commemorates the first centennial of the Independence of Chile. It was designed by the French-Chilean Emile Jecquier and is situated in the Parque Forestal of Santiago. Behind it is located the Museum of Contemporary Art (Museo de Arte Contemporáneo) of the University of Chile, in which is also located the old School of Fine Arts (Escuela de Bellas Artes).
    Links: Top Ten Chilean Attractions, Sculptures, Top 100 South American sculptures
  6. Niterói Contemporary Art Museum, Brazil

           The Niterói Contemporary Art Museum, Museu de Arte Contemporânea de Niterói, is situated in the city of Niterói, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil and is one of the city’s main landmarks. It was Designed by Oscar Niemeyer in 1996 with the assistance of structural engineer Bruno Contarini, who had worked with Niemeyer on earlier projects. The museum projects itself over Boa Viagem (“Bon Voyage,” “Good Journey”), the 817-square meter reflecting pool that surrounds the cylindrical base “like a flower,” in the words of Niemeyer. A wide access slope leads to a Hall of Expositions, which has a capacity for sixty people. Two doors lead to the viewing gallery, through which can be seen the Guanabara Bay, Rio de Janeiro and Sugarloaf Mountain. The saucer-shaped modernist structure, which has been likened to a UFO, is set on a cliffside, at the bottom of which is a beach. In the film Oscar Niemeyer, an architect committed to his century, Niemeyer is seen flying over Rio de Janeiro in a UFO which then lands on the site, suggesting this to be the origin of the museum.
    Links: Top Ten Brazilian Attractions,,
  7. Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes, Buenos Aires, Argentina

           The National Museum of Fine Arts is an Argentine art museum in Buenos Aires, located in the Recoleta section of the city.
    Links: Top Ten Argentinian Attractions,
  8. Museo de Arte de Lima, Peru

    Links: Top Ten Peruvian Attractions,
  9. Links: Museums and Galleries, Artifact, Top 100 South America Paintings, Top Ten South America Painters,