Romanticism

Romanticism

Henry FuseliGeorge StubbsCaspar David FriedrichThomas GainsboroughJohn ConstableThomas Girtin

Top Ten Paintings by Thomas Gainsborough

Top Ten Paintings by Thomas Gainsborough

       Gainsborough was born in 1727 in Sudbury, Suffolk, England. His father was a schoolteacher involved with the wool trade. At the age of fourteen he impressed his father with his penciling skills so that he let him go to London to study art in 1740. In London he first trained under engraver Hubert Gravelot but eventually became associated with William Hogarth and his school. One of his mentors was Francis Hayman. In those years he contributed to the decoration of what is now the Thomas Coram Foundation for Children and the supper boxes at Vauxhall Gardens. In the 1740’s Gainsborough married Margaret Burr whose illegitimate father, The Duke of Beaufort, gave them a £200 annuity. His work, which was mainly composed of landscape paintings, was not selling very well. He returned to Sudbury in 1748-1749 and concentrated on the painting of portraits.

  1. Mr. and Mrs. Andrews (1750)

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  2. Seashore With Fishermen (1782), Seascape (1781)

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  3. Duchess of Beaufort (1774), Woman in Blue (1780)

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  4. The Blue Boy (1770)

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  5. Coastal Scene – a Calm (1783)

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  6. The Three Elder Princesses (1784)

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  7. Henry Frederick, Duke of Cumberland (1777)

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  8. The Mall (1783)

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  9. Robert Price (1760)

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  10. Johann Christian Fischer (1780)

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  11. William Poyntz (1762)

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  12. Portrait of George III (1781)

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  13. River Landscape with Rustic Lovers (1755)

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  14. John Plampin (1753)

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  15. Self Portrait (1758)

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  16. The Cottage Door (1778)

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  17. Links: Paintings, Top Ten Rococo Painters, Top Ten Rococo Paintings, Top Ten Romanticist Painters, Top Ten Romanticist Paintings, http://www.artinthepicture.com/artists/Thomas_Gainsborough/,

Top Ten Paintings by Carl Blechen

Top Ten Paintings by Carl Blechen

       Carl (Karl) Blechen was born in Cottbus (Germany) on July 29, 1798. Blechen drew the attention of prominent architect Karl Friedrich Schinkel, who cast him as a decorative painter. He however aimed for higher work and began producing landscape paintings. In 1827 he went to Italy, and from 1835 was a member and professor at the Akademie der Künste in Berlin. Carl Blechen died July 23, 1840.

  1. Stormy Sea with Lighthouse

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  2. Sanssouci Palace (1831)

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  3. Interior of the Palm House (1833)

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  4. Cave at the Gulf of Naples (1830)

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  5. Bathers in Terni Park (1836)

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  6. Fishermen at the Gulf of Naples (1830)

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  7. The Woods Near Spandau (1834)

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  8. In the Palmhouse

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  9. Sunset at Sea

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  10. The Bay of Rapallo (1830)

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  11. Gorge at Amalfi (1831)

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  12. Woodland with Brook (1833)

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  13. View of Rooftops and Gardens (1835)

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  14. Rolling Mill (1834)

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  15. Stormy Weather over the Roman Campagna (1829)

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  16. The Waterfall

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  17. The Ruined Tower of Heidelberg Castle (1830)

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  18. Links: Paintings, Top Ten Romanticist Painters, Top Ten Romanticist Paintings, http://www.artinthepicture.com/artists/Carl_Blechen/,

Top Ten Paintings by Antoine-Jean Gros

Top Ten Paintings by Antoine-Jean Gros

        Antoine-Jean Gros was born in Paris on March 16, 1771. His father, who was a miniature painter, began to teach him to draw at the age of six, and showed himself from the first an exacting master. Towards the close of 1785 Gros, by his own choice, entered the studio of Jacques-Louis David, which he frequented assiduously, continuing at the same time to follow the classes of the Collège Mazarin.

  1. Napoleon Bonaparte (1802)

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  2. Bonaparte on the Bridge of Arcole

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  3. Napoleon on the Battlefield of Eylau

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  4. The Battle of Abukir (1806)

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  5. Christine Boyer (1800)

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  6. Napoleon in the Pesthouse at Jaffa (1804)

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  7. Madame Pasteur (1796)

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  8. Glory of St. Genevieve (1811)

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  9. Lieutenant Charles Legrand (1810)

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  10. Portrait of Joachim Murat (1812)
    Portrait of Joachim Murat
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  11. Paris, View of Père Lachaise

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  12. Dr. Vignardonne
    Dr. Vignardonne
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  13. Josephine Tasher De La Pagerie (1808)

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  14. Paulin des Hours (1793)
    Paulin des Hours
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  15. Links: Paintings, Top Ten Neo-Classical Painters, Top Ten Neo-Classical PaintingsTop Ten Romanticist Painters, Top Ten Romanticist Paintingshttp://www.artinthepicture.com/paintings/Antoine-Jean_Gros/Napoleon-Bonaparte/,

Top Ten Paintings by Théodore Géricault

Top Ten Paintings by Théodore Géricault

       Jean Louis André Théodore Géricault was born September 26, 1791 in Rouen, Normandy. Géricault was educated in the tradition of English sporting art by Claude Vernet and classicist figure composition by Pierre Guérin. His first major work, The Charging Chasseur (1812), revealed influences of the style of Peter Paul Rubens and an interest in the depiction of contemporary subject matter. A trip to Florence and Rome (1816-17) gave Géricault a fascination with both Michelangelo and Baroque art.

  1. The Raft of the Medusa (1819)

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  2. Officer of the Imperial Guard (1814)

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  3. Heroic Landscape with Fishermen (1818)

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  4. Nude Warrior with a Spear (1816)

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  5. The Derby at Epson (1821)

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  6. The Wounded Cuirassier (1814)

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  7. The Wreck (1822)

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  8. Taming of the Bulls (1817)

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  9. The Madwoman (1823)
    The Madwoman
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  10. The Blacksmith’s Signboard (1814)

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  11. The Madman (1822)

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  12. Artillery Train Passing a Ravine (1814)

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  13. Horse Races in Rome (1817)

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  14. Academic Study of a Man (1817)

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  15. Heads Severed (1818)

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  16. Links: Paintings, Top Ten Romanticist Painters, Top Ten Romanticist Paintingshttp://www.artinthepicture.com/artists/Theodore_Gericault/,

Top Ten Paintings by Francisco Goya

Top Ten Paintings by Francisco Goya

       Francisco José de Goya y Lucientes (March 30, 1746 – April 16, 1828) was a Spanish painter and engraver. He was born in Fuendetodos and later lived primarily in Madrid. Brought up in Zaragoza, at 14 he was apprenticed to José Luzanan, an artist friend of his father. He married Josefa Bayeu, the sister of Francisco Bayeu, in 1773. His later influence is significant since his art was both deeply subversive and subjective, at a time when these attitudes were not predominant. His emphasis on the foreground and faded background portends the work of Manet. Goya was a portraitist of royalty and chronicler of history who produced a series of 80 prints that he titled Los Caprichos depicting what he called “the innumerable foibles and follies to be found in any civilized society, and from the common prejudices and deceitful practices which custom, ignorance, or self-interest have made usual.”

  1. The Colossus (1810)

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  2. Group on a Balcony (1810)

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  3. The Clothed Maja (1797), The Nude Maja (1797)

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  4. Maria Teresa of Vallabriga on Horseback (1783)

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  5. Bullfight (1812)

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  6. The Dog (1822)

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  7. Incantation (1797)

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  8. Witches Sabbath (1798)

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  9. The Duchess of Alba (1797)

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  10. Saturn Devouring His Sons

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  11. Prison Scene (1810)

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  12. The Third of May, 1808: The Execution of the Defenders of Madrid (1814)

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  13. The Holy Family (1775)

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  14. The Burial of the Sardine (1793)

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  15. The Meadow at San Isidro (1788)

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  16. Links: Paintings, Top Ten Romanticist Painters, Top Ten Romanticist Paintingshttp://www.artinthepicture.com/artists/Francisco_Goya/,

Top Ten Paintings by William Blake

Top Ten Paintings by William Blake

William Blake

       Blake was born at 28 Broad Street, Golden Square, London into a middle-class family on November 28, 1757. He was from earliest youth a seer of visions and a dreamer of dreams, seeing “Ezekiel sitting under a green bough,” and “a tree full of angels at Peckham,” and such he remained to the end of his days. His teeming imagination sought expression both in verse and in drawing. At ten years old, he began engraving copies of drawings of Greek antiquities, a practice that was then preferred to real-life drawing. Four years later he became apprenticed to an engraver, James Basire. After two years Basire sent him to copy art from the Gothic churches in London. At the age of twenty-one Blake finished his apprenticeship and set up as a professional engraver.

  1. The Great Red Dragon and the Woman Clothed with the Sun (1805)

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  2. The Body of Abel Found by Adam and Eve (1825)

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  3. The Ancient of Days (1794)

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  4. The Temptation and Fall of Eve (1808)

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  5. Beatrice Addressing Dante (1827)

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  6. The Lovers’ Whirlwind

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  7. Jacob’s Ladder

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  8. Satan, Sin, and Death- Satan Comes to the Gates of Hell

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  9. Dante and Virgil at the Gates of Hell (Illustration to Dante’s Inferno)
    Dante and Virgil at the Gates of Hell (Illustration to Dante's Inferno)
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  10. The Lazar Death (1795)

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  11. The Last Supper (1799)

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  12. Satan Tempts Christ with the Kingdoms of Earth (from Milton’s “Paradise Regained”) (1816-1818)
    Satan Tempts Christ with the Kingdoms of Earth (from Milton’s “Paradise Regained”)
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  13. Death on a Pale Horse (1800)
    Death on a Pale Horse
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  14. The Night of Enitharmon’s Joy (1795)

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  15. The Song of Los

    Depicts Urizen presiding over the decline of morality.
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  16. Newton (1795)

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  17. Fire

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  18. The Ghost of a Flea (1819-1820)

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  19. The Angels Over the Body of Christ (1805)
    The Angels over the body of Christ
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  20. Nebuchadnezzar

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  21. Angel of the Revelation (1805)

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  22. Satan Arousing the Rebel Angels (1808)
    Satan Arousing the Rebel Angels
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  23. Job and His Family Restored to Prosperity (1821)

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  24. God Judging Adam

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  25. Christ on the Pinnacle of the Temple (1817)

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  26. Alexander Pope (1800)

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  27. Links: Paintings, Top Ten Romanticist Painters, Top Ten Romanticist Paintingshttp://www.artinthepicture.com/artists/William_Blake/, http://www.william-blake.org/,

Top Ten Paintings by William Turner

Top Ten Paintings by William Turner

       Joseph Mallord William Turner (often abbreviated as William Turner) was born in Covent Garden, London on April 23, 1775. His father, William, was a wig maker and later became a barber, and his mother, Mary Marshall was a housewife. William’s mother became increasingly mentally unstable, perhaps due to the fact that William’s younger sister died when she still was a young girl. William’s mother died in 1804, having been committed to a mental asylum. Because of this rather difficult family situation, William Turner was sent in 1785 to stay with his uncle on his mother’s side in Brentford, which was then a small town west of London on the banks of the Thames. It was here that he first expressed an interest in painting. A year later he went to school in Margate in Kent to the east of London in the area of the Thames estuary. At this time he had been creating many paintings, which his father exhibited in his shop window.

  1. Fishermen at the Sea (1796)

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  2. Flint Castle (1838)

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  3. The Grand Canal in Venice (1835)

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  4. The Burning of the Houses of Parliament (1834)

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  5. The Shipwreck (1805)

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  6. Dido Building Carthage (1815)

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  7. Ulysses Deriding Polyphemus (1829)

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  8. The Battle of Trafalgar (1808)

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  9. The Fighting Temeraire (1838)

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  10. The Evening of the Deluge (1843)

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  11. Peace: Burial at Sea (1842)

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  12. Mortlake Terrace (1827)

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  13. Inside of Tintern Abbey (1794)

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  14. London (1809)

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  15. Rain, Steam and Speed (1844)

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  16. Snowstorm (1842)

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  17. Links: Paintings, Top Ten Romaticist Painters, Top Ten Romanticist Paintings, http://www.artinthepicture.com/artists/William_Turner/,

Top Ten Paintings by Eugène Delacroix

Top Ten Paintings by Eugène Delacroix

Self Portrait

       Ferdinand Victor Eugène Delacroix was born on April 26, 1798 at Saint-Maurice-en-Chalencon, Ardèche, in the Rhône-Alpes Region of France. There is reason to believe that his father, Charles Delacroix, was infertile at the time of Eugène’s conception and that his real father was Talleyrand, who was a friend of the family, and whom the adult Eugène resembled in appearance and character. He was trained by Pierre-Narcisse Guérin in the neoclassical style of Jacques-Louis David, but was strongly influenced by the more colorful and rich style of the Flemish painter Peter Paul Rubens (1577-1640) and fellow French artist Théodore Géricault (1791-1824) whose works marked an introduction to romanticism in art. Delacroix’s developing technique would prove to be an important influence on others. His use of expressive color profoundly shaped the work of the Impressionist movement.

  1. Liberty Leading the People (1830)

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  2. Odalisque (1857)

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  3. Entry of the Crusaders into Constantinople (1840)

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  4. Girl Seated in a Cemetery (1824)

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  5. Algerian Women in Their Apartments (1834)

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  6. The Abduction of Rebecca (1846)

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  7. Reclining Odalisque (1827)

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  8. Greece on the Ruins of Missolonghi (1826)

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  9. Arab Saddling His Horse (1855)

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  10. Portrait of Frederic Villot (1832)
    Portrait of Frederic Villot
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  11. Hamlet and Horatio in the Graveyard (1839)

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  12. The Sea from the Heights of Dieppe (1852)

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  13. A Young Tiger Playing with its Mother (1830)

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  14. The Death of Sardanapalus (1827)

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  15. Apollo Slays Python

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  16. The Barque of Dante (1822)

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  17. Medea about to Kill Her Children (1838)

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  18. Female Nude Reclining on a Divan (1825)

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  19. The Lion Hunt (1861)

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  20. Combat of Giaour and Hassan (1826)

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  21. The Shipwreck of Don Juan (1840)

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  22. The Massacre of Chios (1825)

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  23. Arab Riders on Scouting Mission (1862)

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  24. Self Portrait (1837)
    Self Portrait
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  25. The Fanatics of Tangier (1837)

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  26. Links: Paintings, Top Ten Romanticist Painters, Top Ten Romanticist Paintings, http://www.artinthepicture.com/artists/Eugene_Delacroix/,

Top Ten Paintings by Sir Lawrence Alma-Tadema

Top Ten Paintings by Sir Lawrence Alma-Tadema

Sir Lawrence Alma-Tadema

       Sir Lawrence Alma-Tadema (8 January 1836 – 25 June 1912) was one of the most renowned painters of late 19th century Britain. Born in Dronrijp, the Netherlands and trained at the Royal Academy of Antwerp, Belgium, he settled in England in 1870 and spent the rest of his life there. A classical-subject painter, he became famous for his depictions of the luxury and decadence of the Roman Empire, with languorous figures set in fabulous marbled interiors or against a backdrop of dazzling blue Mediterranean sea and sky. Admired during his lifetime for his draftsmanship and depictions of Classical antiquity, he fell into disrepute after his death and only in the last 30 years has his work been reevaluated for its importance within 19th century English art.

  1. The Roses of Heliogabalus (1888)

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  2. A Favourite Custom (1909)

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  3. Spring (1894)

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  4. The Finding of Moses (1904)

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  5. The Education of the Children of Clovis (1861)

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  6. Silver Favourites (1903)

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  7. Unconscious Rivals (1893)

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  8. Egyptian Chess Players (1865)

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  9. The Tepidarium (1881)

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  10. Links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sir_Lawrence_Alma-Tadema,