Top Ten African Mountains

Top Ten African Mountains

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  1. Mount Kilimanjaro, Tanzania

           Kilimanjaro, with its three volcanic cones, Kibo, Mawenzi, and Shira, is a dormant volcanic mountain in Kilimanjaro National Park, Kilimanjaro Region, Tanzania. It is the highest mountain in Tanzania, the highest mountain in Africa, and the highest free-standing mountain in the world at 5,895 m or 19,341 feet above sea level (the Uhuru Peak/Kibo Peak).
    Links: Top Ten Tanzanian Attractions, Top Ten Volcanoes, National Parks, Top Ten African National Parks,   http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mount_Kilimanjaro,
  2. Cape Town and Table Mountain, South Africa

           Cape Town is the 2nd most populous city in South Africa, and the provincial capital and primate city of the Western Cape. As the seat of the National Parliament, it is also the legislative capital of the country. It forms part of the City of Cape Town metropolitan municipality. The city is famous for its harbor as well as its natural setting in the Cape floral kingdom, including such well-known landmarks as Table Mountain and Cape Point. Cape Town is also Africa’s most popular tourist destination. Located on the shore of Table Bay, Cape Town was originally developed by the Dutch East India Company as a supply station for Dutch ships sailing to Eastern Africa, India and the Far East. Jan van Riebeeck’s arrival on April 6, 1652 established the first permanent European settlement in South Africa. Cape Town quickly outgrew its original purpose as the first European outpost at the Castle of Good Hope, becoming the economic and cultural hub of the Cape Colony. Until the Witwatersrand Gold Rush and the development of Johannesburg, Cape Town was the largest city in South Africa. Today it is one of the most multicultural cities in the world, reflecting its role as a major destination for immigrants and expatriates to South Africa. As of 2007 the city had an estimated population of 3.5 million. Cape Town’s land area of 2,455 square km (948 sq mi) is larger than other South African cities, resulting in a comparatively lower population density of 1,425 inhabitants per square km (3,690 /sq mi). Table Mountain is a flat-topped mountain forming a prominent landmark overlooking the city of Cape Town in South Africa, and is featured in the flag of Cape Town and other local government insignia. It is a significant tourist attraction, with many visitors using the cableway or hiking to the top. The mountain forms part of the Table Mountain National Park.
    Links: Top Ten South African Attractions, Cities, Top Ten African Cities, Top Ten MountainsTop Ten African Mountains,  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cape_Town,  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Table_Mountain,
  3. Mount Kenya, Kenya
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           Mount Kenya is the highest mountain in Kenya and the 2nd highest in Africa, after Kilimanjaro. The highest peaks of the mountain are Batian (5,199 m (17,057 ft)), Nelion (5,188 m (17,021 ft)) and Point Lenana (4,985 m (16,355 ft)). Mount Kenya is located in central Kenya, just south of the equator, around 150 km (93 mi) north-northeast of the capital Nairobi. Mount Kenya is the source of the name of the Republic of Kenya. Mount Kenya is a stratovolcano created approximately 3 million years after the opening of the East African rift. Before glaciation, it was 7,000 m (23,000 ft) high. It was covered by an ice cap for thousands of years. This has resulted in very eroded slopes and numerous valleys radiating from the center. There are currently 11 small glaciers. The forested slopes are an important source of water for much of Kenya. There are several vegetation bands from the base to the summit. The lower slopes are covered by different types of forest. Many alpine species are endemic to Mount Kenya, such as the giant lobelias and senecios and a local subspecies of rock hyrax. An area of 715 square km (276 sq mi) around the center of the mountain was designated a National Park. The park receives over 15,000 visitors per year.
    Links: Top Ten Kenyan Attractions, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mount_Kenya,
  4. Mount Stanley, Uganda and the Democratic Republic of Congo
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           Mount Stanley is a mountain located in the Rwenzori range. With an elevation of 5,109 m (16,763 ft), it is the highest mountain of both the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Uganda and the 3rd highest in Africa, after Kilimanjaro (5,895 m) and Mount Kenya (5,199 m). The peak and several other surrounding peaks are high enough to support glaciers. Mount Stanley is named for the journalist and explorer, Sir Henry Morton Stanley. It is part of the Rwenzori Mountains National Park.
    Links: Top Ten Attractions Uganda, Top Ten Congo Attractions, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mount_Margherita,
  5. Mount Meru, Tanzania
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    Mount Meru is an active stratovolcano located 70 km (43 mi) west of Mount Kilimanjaro in the nation of Tanzania. At a height of 4,565 m (14,977 ft), it is visible from Mt Kilimanjaro on a clear day, and is the 9th or 10th highest mountain in Africa, dependent on definition. Much of its bulk was lost about 8,000 years ago due to an eastward volcanic blast, similar to the 1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens in the US state of Washington. Mount Meru most recently had a minor eruption in 1910. The several small cones and craters seen in the vicinity probably reflect numerous episodes of volcanic activity. Mount Meru is the topographic centerpiece of Arusha National Park. Its fertile slopes rise above the surrounding savanna and support a forest that hosts diverse wildlife, including nearly 400 species of birds, and also monkeys and leopards.
    Links: Top Ten Tanzanian Attractions, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mount_Meru_(Tanzania),
  6. Giant’s Castle, South Africa
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    Giant’s Castle is a mountain peak in the southern African Drakensberg in KwaZulu Natal. Giants Castle offers visitors to the regions hiking opportunities with panoramic views. The Nature Reserve offers secluded accommodation, rock art with easy access for everyone and about the best base to start a Drakensberg hiking experience. Lying at the southern end of the central Drakensberg Giant’s Castle, which gets its name from the outline of the peaks and escarpment that combine to resemble the profile of a sleeping giant, is essentially a grassy plateau that nestles among the deep valleys of this part of the Drakensberg. Giants Castle Game Reserve is considered the home of the eland as well as the bearded vulture. Another Giants Castle highlight is the superb rock art at main caves which is easy to get to and well presented.
    Links: Top Ten South African Attractions, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giant%27s_Castle,
  7. Toubkal, Morocco
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    Toubkal is a mountain peak in southwestern Morocco, located in the Toubkal National Park. At 4,167 m (13,671 ft.), it is the highest peak in the Atlas Mountains and in North Africa. It is located 63 km south of the city of Marrakesh, in the Toubkal National Park, and is a popular destination for climbers.
    Links: Top Ten Moroccan Attractions, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toubkal,
  8. Ras Dashen, Ethiopian
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    Ras Dashen, “head guard,” is the highest mountain in Ethiopia and 10th highest mountain of Africa. Part of Semien Mountains National Park, it reaches an elevation of 4,550 m (14,928 ft.). The more common form, “Ras Dashen” is a corruption of its Amharic name, “Ras Dejen,” used by the system of the Ethiopian Mapping Authority, which means “the general who fights in front of the Emperor.” According to Erik Nilsson, Ras Dashen is the eastern peak of the rim of “an enormous volcano, the northern half of which is cut down about 1,000 m by numerous ravines, draining into the Takkazzi River.” Its western counterpart is Mount Biuat (4,510 m), separated by the valley of the Meshaha river.
    Links: Top Ten Ethiopian Mountains, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ras_Dashen,
  9. Champagne Castle, South Africa
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    Champagne Castle is a mountain in the central Drakensberg range, and is the 2nd highest peak in South Africa. It contains a series of subsidiary peaks, amongst them, Cathkin Peak (3149 m), Sterkhorn, Mount Memory, Monk’s Cowl and Dragon’s Back. It is said that when two intrepid mountaineers, David Gray and Major Grantham, climbed the peaks directly in front of Cathkin, they were about to celebrate their long haul by popping a bottle of champagne. But as fate would have it, the guide dropped the bottle on a rock – and in that moment Champagne Castle in the heart of the Drakensberg was christened. Cathkin Peak was named after the residence of a Lanarkshire immigrant, Stephan Snyman, who named his home after Cathkin Braes, a hill in Glasgow.
    Links: Top Ten South African Attractions, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Champagne_Castle,
  10. Cathedral Peak, South Africa
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    Cathedral Peak is a mountain in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. It is a 3,004 m high (9,856 ft.) free standing mountain in the Drakensberg. The mountain is also known as Mponjwana (Little Horn) by the local Amangwane people. Cathedral Peak is part of the Cathedral Ridge which is at right angles to the main range. Other peaks in the spur are the Twins, also known as the Triplets, (2,899 m or 9,510 ft.), the Bell (2,930 m or 9,800 ft.), the Outer (3,006 m or 9,860 ft.) and Inner (3,005 m or 9,858 ft.) Horns, the Chessmen (2,987 m or 9,800 ft.) and Mitre Peak (3,023 m or 9,919 ft.). Cathedral Peak was first climbed by D.W Basset-Smith and R.G. Kingdon in 1917, via the gully.
    Links: Top Ten South African Attractions, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cathedral_Peak_(South_Africa),
  11. Mount Karisimbi, Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of Congo
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    Mount Karisimbi is an inactive volcano in the Virunga Mountains on the border between Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of Congo. At 4,507 m (14,787 ft), Karisimbi is the highest of the 8 major mountains of the mountain range, which is a part of Albertine Rift, the western branch of the East African Rift. Karisimbi is flanked by Mikeno to the north, Bisoke to the east and Nyiragongo to the west, on the other side of the Rift Valley. Karisimbi is the 11th highest mountain of Africa. The name Karisimbi comes from the word ‘amasimbi’ in the local language, Kinyarwanda, which means snow. Snow can mostly be found during the dry season in June, July and August on the top of the volcano. Between Karisimbi and Bisoke is the Karisoke Research Center, which was founded by Dian Fossey in order to observe the mountain gorillas living in this area.
    Links: Top Ten Rwandan Attractions, Top Ten Democratic of the Republic Attractions,  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mount_Karisimbi,
  12. Mafadi, South Africa and Lesotho
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    Mafadi is a peak on the border of South Africa and Lesotho. At a height of 3,450 m (11,320 ft.), it is the highest mountain in South Africa, but is lower than Thabana Ntlenyana, the highest peak in Lesotho which is, at 3,482 m (11,424 ft.), the highest point in Southern Africa.
    Links: Top Ten South African Attractions, Top Ten Lesotho Attractions,  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mafadi,
  13. Mount Speke, Uganda
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    Mount Speke lies in the Ruwenzori Mountains National Park in Uganda, Africa and is the second highest peak in this range. Together with Mount Stanley and Mount Baker (Ruwenzoris), it forms a triangle enclosing the upper Bujuku Valley. The mountains lie within an area called ‘The Mountains of the Moon.’ All mountains in this range consist of multiple jagged peaks. Mount Speke’s summits are: Vittorio Emanuele 4,890 m (16,042 ft.); Ensonga 4,865 m (15,961 ft.); Johnston 4,834 m (15,860 ft.); Trident 4,572 m (15,000 ft.). The people living on the mountains call the mountains ‘Rwenzori,’ which means ‘rain maker’ or ‘rain mountains’ in the Bakonjo language. The Baganda, who could see the mountain range from far, used to call them ‘Gambaragara,’ which means ‘My Eyes Pain,’ a reference to the shining snow. The Bakonjo had their own names for the peaks in the Rwenzori range, however, as they had never climbed them, it was difficult to clarify which peak was which. For example, they had names for the three main peaks: Kiyanja, Duwoni and Ingomwimbi. The fact is that for the Bakonjo the high Rwenzori is the home of Kitasamba, god who resides at the high altitudes and cannot be accessed. Early European explorers visited the region in the search for the source of the Nile. This mountain was named after John Speke. Whilst he never climbed this peak, Speke mapped the source of the White Nile in 1862.
    Links: Top Ten Ugandan Attractions, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mount_Speke,
  14. Njesuthi, South Africa
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    Njesuthi is one of the highest mountains in the Drakensberg mountain range at 3,408 m (11,181 ft.). It is located on the border between Lesotho and the South African province KwaZulu-Natal. Also on the border is the taller Mafadi peak.
    Links: Top Ten South African Attractions, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Njesuthi,
  15. Mount Elgon, Uganda and Kenya
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    Mount Elgon is an extinct shield volcano on the border of Uganda and Kenya, north of Kisumu and west of Kitale. The mountain’s highest point, named “Wagagai,” is located entirely within the country of Uganda. At 4,321 m (14,177 ft.), Elgon is the 17th highest mountain of Africa.
    Links: Top Ten Kenyan Attractions, Top Ten Ugandan Attractions,  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mount_Elgon,
  16. Mount Cameroon, Cameroon
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    Mount Cameroon is an active volcano in Cameroon near the Gulf of Guinea. Mount Cameroon is also known as Cameroon Mountain or Fako (the name of the higher of its two peaks) or by its native name Mongo ma Ndemi (“Mountain of Greatness”). The mountain is part of the area of volcanic activity known as the Cameroon Volcanic Line, which also includes Lake Nyos, the site of a disaster in 1986. The most recent eruption occurred on February 3, 2012.
    Links: Top Ten Cameroonian Attractions, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mount_Cameroon,
  17. Marrah Mountain, Sudan
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    The Marrah Mountains, alson nown as the Marra Mountains, Fugo Marra or Jebel Marra, is a range of volcanic peaks created by a massif that rises up to 3,000 m. It is located in the center of the Darfur region of Sudan, specifically within Dar Fur and neighboring areas. The highest point is Deriba Caldera. The upper reaches of the massif is a small area of temperate climate with high rainfall and permanent springs of water. The last eruption occurred around 1500 BC. The center of activity was Deriba Caldera, and involved caldera collapse following the eruption of pumice and pyroclastic flows which traveled over 30 km (19 mi) from the volcano.
    Links: Top Ten Sudanese Attractions, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jebel_Marra,
  18. M’Goun, Morocco
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    The M’Goun mountain, also rendered as Ighil Mgoun, Ighil n’Oumsoud, Irhil M’Goun, Ighil M’Goun, Jebel Mgoun, Jebel Ighil M’Goun and Jebel Aït M’goun, at 4,071 m (13,356 ft.) is the 4th highest peak of the Atlas Mountains (After Toubkal, Timzguida and Ouenkrim). It is located in the Souss-Massa-Drâa region of Morocco.
    Links: Top Ten Moroccan Attractions, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/M%27Goun,
  19. Emi Koussi, Chad
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    Emi Koussi is a high pyroclastic shield volcano that lies at the south end of the Tibesti Mountains in the central Sahara of northern Chad. It is the highest mountain in Chad, and the highest in the Sahara. The volcano is one of several in the Tibesti massif, and reaches 3,445 m (11,302 ft.) in altitude, rising 2.3 km (1.4 mi) above the surrounding sandstone plains. The volcano is 60 by 80 km wide. Two nested calderas cap the volcano, the outer one being about 12 by 15 km in size. Within it on the southeast side is a smaller caldera, about 2–3 km wide and 350 m deep. Numerous lava domes, cinder cones, maars, and lava flows are found both within the calderas and along the outer flanks of the shield. The inner caldera contains large natron deposits which see some harvesting for domestic animal salt lick use by the local people. Emi Koussi has been studied as an analog of the Martian volcano Elysium Mons. One of the most important morphological differences between volcanoes on Mars and Earth is the widespread furrowing of the surface due to flowing water on terrestrial volcanoes. The furrows are shallow valleys. Larger channels have a different origin. Major channels can be seen on volcanoes on both planets and indicate low points in caldera rims where lava spilled out of pre-collapse craters.
    Links: Top Ten Chadian Attractions, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emi_Koussi,
  20. Thabana Ntlenyana, Lesotho
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    Thabana Ntlenyana, which literally means “Beautiful little mountain” in Sesotho, is the highest point in Lesotho and the highest mountain in southern Africa. It is situated on the Mohlesi ridge of the Drakensberg/Maloti mountains, north of Sani Pass. It stands at 3,482 m high. The peak is usually climbed by groups completing a Grand Traverse of the Drakensberg – even though the peak is technically in the Maloti Mountains. The peak is often also climbed from Sani Top Chalet or from Vergelegen Nature Reserve.
    Links: Top Ten Lesotho Attractions, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thabana_Ntlenyana,
  21. Links: Mountains, Top Ten Mountains