Top Ten Asian Mountains

Top Ten Asian Mountains

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  1. Mount Everest, Tibet and Nepal
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           Mount Everest, also known as Qomolangma Peak, Chajamlungma (Limbu), Zhumulangma Peak or Mount Chomolungma, is the highest mountain on Earth above sea level, and the highest point on the Earth’s continental crust, as measured by the height above sea level of its summit, 8,848 meters (29,029 ft). The mountain, which is part of the Himalaya range in Asia, is located on the border between Sagarmatha Zone, Nepal and Tibet, China. In 1856, the Great Trigonometric Survey of India established the first published height of Everest, then known as Peak XV, at 29,002 ft (8,840 m). In 1865, Everest was given its official English name by the Royal Geographical Society upon recommendation of Andrew Waugh, the British Surveyor General of India at the time. Chomolungma had been in common use by Tibetans for centuries, but Waugh was unable to propose an established local name because Nepal and Tibet were closed to foreigners.
    Links: Top Ten Tibetan Attractions, Top Ten Nepali Attractions, Top Ten Natural Wonders of the World,   http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mount_Everest,
  2. Mount Fuji, Japan
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    Mount Fuji, located on Honshu Island, is the highest mountain in Japan at 3,776.24 m (12,389 ft.). An active stratovolcano that last erupted in 1707–08, Mount Fuji lies about 100 km (60 mi) south-west of Tokyo, and can be seen from there on a clear day. Mount Fuji’s exceptionally symmetrical cone, which is snow-capped several months a year, is a well-known symbol of Japan and it is frequently depicted in art and photographs, as well as visited by sightseers and climbers. It is one of Japan’s “Three Holy Mountains” along with Mount Tate and Mount Haku; it is a Special Place of Scenic Beauty. Mount Fuji has “inspired artists and poets and been the object of pilgrimage for centuries.” The 25 locations include the mountain itself, Fujisan Hongū Sengen Taisha and six other Sengen shrines, two lodging houses, Lake Yamanaka, Lake Kawaguchi, the eight Oshino Hakkai hot springs, two lava tree molds, the remains of the Fuji-kō cult in the Hitoana cave, Shiraito Falls, and Miho no Matsubara pine tree grove.
    Links: Top Ten Japanese Attractions, Top Ten Japanese Hotelshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mount_fuji,
  3. Mount Kailash, Tibet
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           Mount Kailash is a peak in the Gangdisê Mountains, which are part of the Himalayas in Tibet. It lies near the source of some of the longest rivers in Asia: the Indus River, the Sutlej River (a major tributary of the Indus River), the Brahmaputra River, and the Karnali River (a tributary of the Ganges River). It is considered as a sacred place in five religions: Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Ayyavazhi and the Bön faith. In Hinduism, it is considered to be the abode of Lord Shiva and as a place of eternal bliss. The mountain lies near Lake Manasarowar and Lake Rakshastal in Tibet. There have been no recorded attempts to climb Mount Kailash; it is considered off limits to climbers in deference to Buddhist and Hindu beliefs. It is the most significant peak in the world that has not seen any known climbing attempts.
    Links: Top Ten Tibetan Attractions, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mount_Kailash,
  4. Kangchenjunga, India
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    Kangchenjunga is the 3rd highest mountain in the world, rising 8,586 m (28,169 ft.) in a section of the Himalayas called Kangchenjunga Himal that is limited in the west by the Tamur River and in the east by the Teesta River. Kangchenjunga is located on the boundary between Nepal and the Indian state of Sikkim. It is the highest peak in India and the easternmost of the peaks higher than 8,000 m (26,000 ft.). It is called Five Treasures of Snow after its five high peaks, and has always been worshiped by the people of Darjeeling and Sikkim. Two of the five peaks are in Taplejung District, Nepal. The other three peaks – main, central, and south – are on the border of North Sikkim and Nepal. Kangchenjunga Main is the 2nd highest peak in Nepal after Mount Everest. Until 1852, Kangchenjunga was assumed to be the highest mountain in the world, but calculations based on various readings and measurements made by the Great Trigonometric Survey of India in 1849 came to the conclusion that Mount Everest, known as Peak XV at the time, was the highest. Kangchenjunga was first climbed on 25 May 1955 by Joe Brown and George Band, who were part of a British expedition. They stopped short of the summit as per the promise given to the Maharaja of Sikkim that the top of the mountain would remain inviolate. Every climber or climbing groups that have reached the summit have followed this tradition. Other members of this expedition included John Angelo Jackson and Tom Mackinon.
    Links: Top Ten Indian Attractionshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kangchenjunga,
  5. Mount Kinabalu, East Malaysia
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    Mount Kinabalu is a prominent mountain on the island of Borneo in Southeast Asia. It is located in the East Malaysian state of Sabah and is protected as Kinabalu National Park. Kinabalu is the highest peak in Borneo’s Crocker Range and is the highest mountain in the Malay Archipelago. Mount Kinabalu is also the 20th most prominent mountain in the world by topographic prominence. In 1997, a re-survey using satellite technology established its summit (known as Low’s Peak) height at 4,095 m (13,435 ft.) above sea level. Mount Kinabalu includes the Kinabalu montane alpine meadows ecoregion in the montane grasslands and shrublands biome. The mountain and its surroundings are among the most important biological sites in the world, with between 5,000 and 6,000 species of plants, 326 species of birds, and more than 100 mammalian species identified. Among this rich collection of wildlife are famous species such as the gigantic Rafflesia plants and the orangutan. Low’s Peak can be climbed quite easily by a person in good physical condition and there is no need for mountaineering equipment at any point on the main route.
    Links: Top Ten Malaysian Attractions, Top Ten Primates, Top 100 Flowers,  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mount_Kinabalu,
  6. K2
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    K2 is the 2nd highest mountain on Earth, after Mount Everest. It is located on the border between Baltistan, in the Gilgit–Baltistan region of northern Pakistan, and the Taxkorgan Tajik Autonomous County of Xinjiang, China. With a peak elevation of 8,611 m (28,251 ft.), K2 is the highest point of the Karakoram Range and the highest point in Pakistan. K2 is known as the Savage Mountain due to the extreme difficulty of ascent and the 2nd highest fatality rate among the eight thousanders. For every four people who have reached the summit, one has died trying. It is more hazardous to reach K2 from the Chinese side; thus, it is mostly climbed from the Pakistani side. Unlike Annapurna, the mountain with the highest fatality-to-summit rate, K2 has never been climbed in winter.
    Links: Top Ten Pakistani Attractions, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/K2,
  7. Hkakabo Razi, China, India and Myanmar
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    Hkakabo Razi is Southeast Asia’s highest mountain, located in the northern Myanmar state of Kachin. It lies in an outlying subrange of the Greater Himalayan mountain system. The mountain lies on the border tri-point among Myanmar, China, and India. The peak is enclosed within Hkakabo Razi National Park. The park is entirely mountainous and is characterized by broad-leaved evergreen rain forest, a sub-tropical temperate zone from 8,000 to 9,000 feet (2,400–2,700 m), then broad-leaved, semi-deciduous forest and finally needle-leaved evergreen, snow forest. Above 11,000 feet (3,400 m), the highest forest zone is alpine, different not only in kind from the forest, but different in history and origin. Still higher up, around 15,000 feet (4,600 m), cold, barren, windswept terrain and permanent snow and glaciers dominate. At around 17,500 feet (5,300 m), there is a large ice cap with several outlet glaciers.
    Links: Top Ten Chinese Attractions, Top Ten Indian Attractions, Top Ten Myanmar Attractions,  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hkakabo_Razi,
  8. Nanda Devi, India
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    Nanda Devi is the 2nd highest mountain in India and the highest entirely within the country (Kangchenjunga being on the border of India and Nepal); owing to this geography it was considered the highest known mountain in the world until computations on Dhaulagiri by western surveyors in 1808. It was also the highest mountain in India before Sikkim joined the Indian Union. It is part of the Kumaon Himalayas, and is located in the state of Uttarakhand, between the Rishiganga valley on the west and the Goriganga valley on the east. Its name means Bliss-Giving Goddess. The peak is regarded as the patron-goddess of the Uttarakhand Himalaya. In acknowledgment of its religious significance and for the protection of the its fragile ecosystem, the peak as well as the circle of high mountains surrounding it—the Nanda Devi sanctuary—were closed to both locals and climbers in 1983.
    Links: Top Ten Indian Attractions,
  9. Mount Apo, Philippines
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    Mount Apo is a large solfataric, potentially-active stratovolcano in the island of Mindanao, Philippines. With an altitude of 2,954 m (9,692 ft.) above sea level, it is the highest mountain in the country and is located between Davao City and Davao del Sur province in Region XI and Cotabato province in Region XII. The peak overlooks Davao City 40 km (25 mi) to the northeast, Digos City 25 km (16 mi) to the southeast, and Kidapawan City 20 km (12 mi) to the west. Apo, which means “ancestor,” is flat-topped mountain with three peaks and is capped by a 500 m wide (1,600 ft.) volcanic crater containing a small crater lake. The date of its most recent eruption is unknown, and none are verified in historical times. The volcano is one of the most popular climbing destinations in the Philippines with the summit, on the average, takes two days to reach. The first recorded climb was on October 10, 1880, by a party led by Joaquin Rajal, then Spanish governor of Davao.
    Links: Top Ten Philippine Attractions, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mount_Apo,
  10. Mount Tambora, Indonesia
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           Mount Tambora is an active stratovolcano on the island of Sumbawa, Indonesia. Tambora was formed by the active subduction zone beneath it, which raised Mount Tambora as high as 4,300 m (14,100 ft), making it, in the 18th century, one of the tallest peaks in the Indonesian archipelago. After a large magma chamber inside the mountain filled over the course of several decades, volcanic activity reached a historic climax in the eruption of 10 April 1815. This eruption was approximately VEI-7, the only eruption unambiguously confirmed of that size since the Lake Taupo eruption in about 180 AD, though the Heaven Lake eruption of Baekdu Mountain in 969 AD may have also been VEI-7. With an estimated ejecta volume of 160 cubic km (38 cu mi), Tambora’s 1815 outburst was the largest volcanic eruption in recorded history. The explosion was heard on Sumatra island more than 2,000 km (1,200 mi) away. Heavy volcanic ash falls were observed as far away as Borneo, Sulawesi, Java and Maluku islands. Most deaths from the eruption were from starvation and disease, as the eruptive fallout ruined agricultural productivity in the local region. The death toll was at least 71,000 people, of whom 11,000–12,000 were killed directly by the eruption. The eruption caused global climate anomalies that included the phenomenon known as “volcanic winter:” 1816 became known as the “Year Without a Summer” because of the effect on North American and European weather. Crops failed and livestock died in much of the Northern Hemisphere, resulting in the worst famine of the 19th century. During an excavation in 2004, a team of archaeologists discovered cultural remains buried by the 1815 eruption. They were kept intact beneath the 3 m (9.8 ft) deep pyroclastic deposits. At the site, dubbed the Pompeii of the East, the artifacts were preserved in the positions they had occupied in 1815.
    Links: Top Ten Indonesian Attractions, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mount_Tambora,
  11. Mount Krakatau, Indonesia
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           Krakatoa, or Krakatau, is a volcanic island situated in the Sunda Strait between the islands of Java and Sumatra in Indonesia. The name is also used for the surrounding island group comprising the remnants of a much larger island of three volcanic peaks which was obliterated in a cataclysmic 1883 eruption, unleashing huge tsunamis (killing more than 36,000 people) and destroying over two-thirds of the island. The explosion is considered to be the loudest sound ever heard in modern history, with reports of it being heard up to 3,000 miles (4,800 km) from its point of origin. The shock waves from the explosion were recorded on barographs around the globe. In 1927 a new island, Anak Krakatau, or “Child of Krakatoa,” emerged from the caldera formed in 1883 and is the current location of eruptive activity.
    Links: Top Ten Indonesian Attractions, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Krakatoa,
  12. Mount Bromo, Indonesia
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    Mount Bromo, is an active volcano and part of the Tengger massif, in East Java, Indonesia. At 2,329 m (7,641 ft) it is not the highest peak of the massif, but is the most well-known. The massif area is one of the most visited tourist attractions in East Java, Indonesia. The volcano belongs to the Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park. The name of Bromo derived from Javanese pronunciation of Brahma, the Hindu creator god. Mount Bromo sits in the middle of a vast plain called the “Sea of Sand,” a protected nature reserve since 1919. The typical way to visit Mount Bromo is from the nearby mountain village of Cemoro Lawang. From there it is possible to walk to the volcano in about 45 minutes, but it is also possible to take a jeep tour, which includes a stop at the viewpoint on Mount Penanjakan (2,770 m or 9,088 ft). From inside the caldera, sulfur is collected by workers. Depending on the degree of volcanic activity, the Indonesian Centre for Vulcanology and Disaster Hazard Mitigation sometimes issues warnings against visiting Mount Bromo.
    Links: Top Ten Indonesian Attractions, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mount_Bromo,
  13. Mount Banahaw, Philippines
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    Mount Banahaw is an active volcano on Luzon Island in the Republic of the Philippines. The three-peaked volcano complex is located between the provinces of Laguna and Quezon and is the tallest mountain in the CALABARZON region dominating the landscape for miles around. The mountain is considered by many as a “Holy mountain” and is popular among pilgrims along with mountain climbers. Banahaw is a national park and a protected area in the Philippines since 1941, and is now called Mts. Banahaw-San Cristobal Protected Landscape covering 10,901 hectares (26,940 acres) of land.
    Links: Top Ten Philippine Attractions, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mount_Banahaw,
  14. Annapurna Mastif, Nepal
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    Annapurna is a section of the Himalayas in north-central Nepal that includes 8,091 m (26,545 ft.) This section is a 55 km-long (34 mi-long) massif, including 13peaks,  bounded by the Kali Gandaki Gorge on the west, the Marshyangdi River on the north and east, and Pokhara Valley on the south. Annapurna I is tenth among Earth’s 14 eight-thousanders. 8167 m Dhaulagiri I rises 34 km to the west across the Kali Gandaki Gorge, considered Earth’s deepest canyon. Annapurna is a Sanskrit name which literally means “full of food” (feminine form), but is normally translated as Goddess of the Harvests. In Hinduism, Annapurna is “… the universal and timeless kitchen-goddess … the mother who feeds. Without her there is starvation, a universal fear: This makes Annapurna a universal goddess … Her most popular shrine is located in Kashi, on the banks of the river Ganga.” Her association with the giving of food (wealth) led her in time to be transformed into Lakshmi, the Goddess of Wealth. The entire massif and surrounding area are protected within the 7,629 km2 Annapurna Conservation Area, the first and largest conservation area in Nepal. The Annapurna Conservation Area is home to several world-class treks, including the Annapurna Circuit. The Annapurna peaks are among the world’s most dangerous mountains to climb, although in more recent history, using figures from only 1990 and after, Kangchenjunga has a higher fatality rate. As of the end of 2009, there had been 157 summit ascents of Annapurna I, and 60 climbing fatalities on the mountain. This fatality-to-summit ratio (38%) is the highest of any of the eight-thousanders. In particular, the ascent via the south face is considered, by some, the most difficult of all climbs.
    Links: Top Ten Nepali Attractions, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Annapurna,
  15. Dhaulagiri, Nepal
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    The Dhaulagiri massif in Nepal extends 120 km from the Kaligandaki River west to the Bheri. This massif is enclosed on the north and southwest by tributaries of the Bheri and on the southeast by Myagdi Khola. Dhaulagiri I at 8,167 m (26,795 ft) ranks 7th among Earth’s 14 peaks over eight thousand m. It was first climbed on May 13, 1960 by a Swiss/Austrian/Nepali expedition. The mountina’s name comes from Sanskrit where dhawala, means dazzling, white, beautiful and giri means mountain. Dhaulagiri I is also the highest point of the Gandaki river basin. Annapurna I (8,091m/26,545 ft.) is only 34 km. east of Dhaulagiri I. The Kaligandaki River flows between through its notable gorge, said to be the world’s deepest. The town Pokhara is south of the Annapurnas, an important regional center and the gateway for climbers and trekkers visiting both ranges as well as a tourist destination in its own right.
    Links: Top Ten Nepali Attractions, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dhaulagiri,
  16. Cho Oyu, Tibet and Nepal
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           Cho Oyu is the 6th highest mountain in the world at 8,201 m (26,906 ft.) above sea level. Cho Oyu means “Turquoise Goddess” in Tibetan. The mountain is the westernmost major peak of the Khumbu sub-section of the Mahalangur Himalaya 20 km west of Mount Everest. The mountain stands on the Tibet-Nepal border. Just a few km west of Cho Oyu is Nangpa La (5,716m/18,753 ft.), a glaciated pass that serves as the main trading route between the Tibetans and the Khumbu’s Sherpas. This pass separates the Khumbu and Rolwaling Himalayas. Due to its proximity to this pass and the generally moderate slopes of the standard northwest ridge route, Cho Oyu is considered the easiest 8,000 m peak to climb. It is a popular objective for professionally guided parties.
    Links: Top Ten Tibetan Attractions, Top Ten Nepali Attractions, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cho_Oyu,
  17. Lhotse, Tibet and Nepal
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    Lhotse is the 4th highest mountain on Earth (after Mount Everest, K2 and Kangchenjunga) and is connected to Everest via the South Col. Lhotse means “South Peak” in Tibetan. In addition to the main summit at 8,516 m (27,940 ft.) above sea level, Lhotse Middle (East) is 8,414 m (27,605 ft.) and Lhotse Shar is 8,383 m (27,503 ft). It is located at the border between Tibet (China) and the Khumbu region of Nepal.
    Links: Top Ten Tibetan Attractions, Top Ten Nepali Attractions, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lhotse,
  18. Manaslu, Nepal
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    Manaslu is the 8th highest mountain in the world, and is located in the Mansiri Himal, part of the Nepalese Himalayas, in the west-central part of Nepal. Its name, which means “Mountain of the Spirit,” comes from the Sanskrit word Manasa, meaning “intellect” or “soul.” Manaslu was first climbed on May 9, 1956 by Toshio Imanishi and Gyalzen Norbu, members of a Japanese expedition. Manaslu at 8,156 m (26,759 ft.) above mean sea level is the highest peak in the Lamjung District and is located about 40 miles east of Annapurna. The mountain’s long ridges and valley glaciers offer feasible approaches from all directions, and culminate in a peak that towers steeply above its surrounding landscape, and is a dominant feature when viewed from afar. The Manaslu region offers a variety of trekking options. The popular Manaslu trekking route of 177 km (110 mi), skirts the Manaslu massif over the pass down to Annapurna. The trekking trail follows an ancient salt-trading route along the Budhi Gandaki river. En route, 10 peaks over 6,500 m (21,300 ft.) are visible, including a few over 7,000 m (23,000 ft.). The highest point reached along the trek route is the Larkya La at an elevation of 5,235 m (17,175 ft.). As of May 2008, the mountain has been climbed 297 times with 53 fatalities.
    Links: Top Ten Nepali Attractions, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manaslu,
  19. Hialchuli, Nepal
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    Himalchuli is the 2nd highest mountain in the Mansiri Himal, part of the Nepalese Himalayas. It lies south of Manaslu, one of the Eight-thousanders. Himalchuli has three main peaks: East (7893 m), West (7540 m) and North (7371 m). It is also often written as two words, “Himal Chuli.” Himalchuli is the 18th highest mountain in the world (using a cutoff of 500 m prominence, or re-ascent). Himalchuli is also notable for its large vertical relief over local terrain. For example, it rises 7,000 m over the Marsyangdi River to the southwest in about 27 km (17 mi) horizontal distance.
    Links: Top Ten Nepali Attractions, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hilmalchuli,
  20. Shishapangma, Tibet
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    Shishapangma, also called Gosainthān, is the 14th highest mountain in the world and, at 8,013 m (26,289 ft.), the lowest of the eight-thousanders. It was the last 8,000 m peak to be climbed, due to its location entirely within Tibet and the restrictions on visits by foreigners to the region imposed by national Chinese and regional Tibetan authorities.
    Links: Top Ten Tibetan Attractions, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shishapangma,
  21. Mount Baigong, China
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           Some of the Baigong Pipes are reported to be associated with three caves in Mount Baigong. These caves are reported to occur within the front face of Mount Baigong. The mouths of the two smaller caves have collapsed. Only the largest cave, which is 6 m (18 feet) high, can be entered. The vague resemblance of the top of Mount Baigong to a pyramid has been the focus of much fringe speculation.
    Links: Top Ten Chinese Attractions, Top Ten Asian Pyramids, Top Ten Chinese Pyramids,  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baigong_Pipes#Mount_Baigong,
  22. Arunachala, India
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           Arunachala refers to the holy hill at Thiruvannamalai in Tamil Nadu, where the Annamalaiyar Temple, a temple of Lord Shiva is located. Every year in the Tamil month of Karthigai (October–November), the Karthigai Deepam (Light) is lit atop the hill. This place is also known by the names Arunagiri, Annamalai Hill, Arunachalam, Arunai, Sonagiri and Sonachalam. It is the most important holy place for people practicing Atma vichara (self-enquiry) and one of the 5 main shaivite holy places in South India. The ashram of Sri Ramana Maharishi, Sri Ramana Ashram is also situated at its foothills.
    Links: Top Ten Indian Attractions, Temples, Top Ten TemplesTop Ten Asian TemplesTop Ten Indian TemplesTop Ten ShrinesTop Ten Asian Shrineshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arunachala,
  23. Bonus: Mt. Meru (Sumeru)
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           Mount Meru, also knows as called Sumeru, i.e. the “Excellent Meru,” is a sacred mountain in Hindu and Buddhist cosmology as well as in Jain cosmology, considered to be the center of all the physical, metaphysical and spiritual universes. It is also the abode of Lord Brahma and the Demi-Gods (Devas). The mountain is said to be 84,000 Yojanas high (which is around 1,082,000 km (672,000 mi), or 85 times the Earths’s diameter). Many famous Hindu and Jain temples have been built as symbolic representations of this mountain. The highest point (the finial bud) on the pyatthat, a Burmese-style multi-tiered roof, represents Mount Meru.
    Links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mount_Meru_%28mythology%29,
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