Top Ten Mummies

Top Ten Mummies

  1. King Tutankhamen

    Tutankhamun was an Egyptian pharaoh of the 18th dynasty (ruled ca. 1332 BC – 1323 BC in the conventional chronology), during the period of Egyptian history known as the New Kingdom. His original name, Tutankhaten, means “Living Image of Aten,” while Tutankhamun means “Living Image of Amun.” In hieroglyphs, the name Tutankhamun was typically written Amen-tut-ankh, because of a scribal custom that placed a divine name at the beginning of a phrase to show appropriate reverence. He is possibly also the Nibhurrereya of the Amarna letters, and likely the 18th dynasty king Rathotis who, according to Manetho, an ancient historian, had reigned for nine years—a figure that conforms with Flavius Josephus’s version of Manetho’s Epitome. The 1922 discovery by Howard Carter and George Herbert, 5th Earl of Carnarvon of Tutankhamun’s nearly intact tomb received worldwide press coverage. It sparked a renewed public interest in ancient Egypt, for which Tutankhamun’s burial mask remains the popular symbol. Exhibits of artifacts from his tomb have toured the world. In February 2010, the results of DNA tests confirmed that he was the son of Akhenaten (mummy KV55) and Akhenaten’s sister and wife (mummy KV35YL), whose name is unknown but whose remains are positively identified as “The Younger Lady” mummy found in KV35.
    Links: Top 100 Works of Art, Top 100 Egyptian Artifacts, Top Ten Pharaohs, Top 100 Maskshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/King_tut,
  2. Chachapoyas Mummy

    Description:
    Links:
  3. Queen Hatshepsut

           Hatshepsut, who ruled for 21 years from 1479 to 1458 BC, was one of the most powerful female monarchs of the ancient world, who declared herself pharaoh after the death of her husband-brother Tuthmosis II.
    Links: Top Ten Queens,
  4. Ötzi the Iceman

    Ötzi the Iceman was found in the Schnalstal glacier in the Ötztal Alps in 1991 by two German Tourists. Ötzi the Iceman was said to be preserved in ice, in the Alps for 5,300 years! The body of Ötzi the Iceman was very well preserved; this was because it was mostly covered with ice.
    Links:
  5. Inca Mummies’ Sleeping Child

    Description:
    Links: Top Ten Incan Artifacts,
  6. Ramesses II

    This mummy mug shot belongs to Ramses II, (c. 1303 BC – July or August 1213 BC) referred to as Ramesses the Great, who was the third Egyptian pharaoh (reigned 1279 BC – 1213 BC) of the 19th dynasty. He is often regarded as the greatest, most celebrated, and most powerful pharaoh of the Egyptian Empire. His successors and later Egyptians called him the “Great Ancestor.” Ramesses II led several military expeditions into the Levant, re-asserting Egyptian control over Canaan. He also led expeditions to the south, into Nubia, commemorated in inscriptions at Beit el-Wali and Gerf Hussein. At age fourteen, Ramesses was appointed Prince Regent by his father Seti I. He is believed to have taken the throne in his late teens and is known to have ruled Egypt from 1279 BC to 1213 BC for 66 years and 2 months, according to both Manetho and Egypt’s contemporary historical records. He was once said to have lived to be 99 years old, but it is more likely that he died in his 90th or 91st year. If he became Pharaoh in 1279 BC as most Egyptologists today believe, he would have assumed the throne on May 31, 1279 BC, based on his known accession date of III Shemu day 27. Ramesses II celebrated an unprecedented 14 sed festivals (the first held after thirty years of a pharaoh’s reign, and then every three years) during his reign—more than any other pharaoh. On his death, he was buried in a tomb in the Valley of the Kings; his body was later moved to a royal cache where it was discovered in 1881, and is now on display in the Cairo Museum. The early part of his reign was focused on building cities, temples and monuments. He established the city of Pi-Ramesses in the Nile Delta as his new capital and main base for his campaigns in Syria. This city was built on the remains of the city of Avaris, the capital of the Hyksos when they took over, and was the location of the main Temple of Set. He is also known as Ozymandias in the Greek sources, from a transliteration into Greek of a part of Ramesses’s throne name, Usermaatre Setepenre, “Ra’s mighty truth, chosen of Ra.”
    Links: Top Ten Pharaohs, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ramses_II,
  7. Tocharian Mummy

    This Tocharian mummy was found with a clay bowl with a swastika decoration.
    Links: Top 100 Symbols, Top Ten Swastikas,
  8. Beauty of Loulan

    The Beauty of Loulan mummy, is one of a series of Tarim mummies, which were discovered in the Tarim Basin in present-day Xinjiang, China. These mummies date from 1,800 BC to 200 CE. Some of the mummies are frequently associated with the presence of the Indo-European Tocharian languages in the Tarim Basin although the evidence is not totally conclusive.
    Links:
  9. Xinjiang Mummy

    Description:
    Links:
  10. Nordic Marches Mummy

    Description:
    Links:
  11. New Croatia Mummy

    Description:
    Links:
  12. Llullaillaco Mummies

    Description:
    Links:
  13. Franklin Mummy

    Description:
    Links:

  14. Description:
    Links:
  15. Bonus: Lenin’s Mummy

    Description:
    Links:
  16. Links: Top Ten ArchaeologistsTop Ten Zombie Films, Museums and Galleries, http://socyberty.com/social-sciences/10-mummies-that-are-important-and-valuable-to-archaeologists/2/,