Top Ten Algerian Attractions

Top Ten Algerian Attractions

       Algeria is a country in the Maghreb. In terms of land area, it is the 10th largest country in the world and the largest country in Africa, the Arab World and of the countries bordering the Mediterranean Sea. Algeria is bordered by Tunisia, Libya, Morocco, the Western Sahara, Mauritania, Mali, Niger and the Mediterranean Sea. Its size is almost 2,400,000 square kilometers (926,645 square mi) with an estimated population of 35.7 million (2010). The capital is Algiers.

  1. Djémila

    Djémila (“the Beautiful one”) is a mountain village in Algeria, near the northern coast east of Algiers, where some of the best preserved Berbero-Roman ruins in North Africa can be found. It is situated in the region bordering the Constantinois and Petite Kabylie (Basse Kabylie). In 1982, Djémila became a UNESCO World Heritage Site for its unique adaptation of Roman architecture to a mountain environment. Significant buildings in Djémila include a theatre, two fora, temples, basilicas, arches, streets and houses. The exceptionally well preserved ruins surround the forum of the Harsh, a large paved square with an entry marked by a majestic arch.
  2. M’zab

    The M’zab or Mzab, is a region of the northern Sahara, in the Ghardaïa wilaya, an administrative division similar to a province, of Algeria. It is located 500 km (310 mi) south of Algiers and there are approximately 360,000 inhabitants (2005).
  3. The Casbah

    The Casbah the citadel of Algiers in Algeria and the traditional quarter clustered around it. More generally, a kasbah is the walled citadel of many North African cities and towns. The name made its way into English from French in the late 19th century and continues to be spelled as acquired from that language.
  4. Tassili n’Ajjer

    Tassili n’Ajjer, Berber for “Plateau of the Rivers,” is a mountain range in the Sahara desert. It is a vast plateau in south-east Algeria at the borders of Libya, Niger and Mali, covering an area of 72,000 sq. km. The exceptional density of paintings and engravings, and the presence of many prehistoric vestiges, are remarkable testimonies to Prehistory. From 10,000 BC to the first centuries of our era, successive peoples left many archaeological remains, habitations, burial mounds and enclosures which have yielded abundant lithic and ceramic material. However, it is the rock art (engravings and paintings) that have made Tassili world famous since its discovery in 1933. 15,000 engravings have been identified to date. The nearest town is Djanet, about 10 km southwest of the range. Much of the range, including the cypresses and archaeological sites are protected in a National park, Biosphere Reserve and World Heritage Site, named the Tassili n’Ajjer National Park. The plateau is also of great geological and aesthetic interest: the panorama of geological formations with “rock forests” of eroded sandstone resembles a strange lunar landscape.
    Links: Top Ten Cave Paintings, Top Ten African Cave Paintings, Relieves and Petroglyphs, Top Ten Paintings Depicting ExtraterrestrialsTop Ten Artifacts Depicting Extraterrestrials,,
  5. Timgad

    Timgad was a Roman colonial town in North Africa founded by the Emperor Trajan around 100 AD. The full name of the town was Colonia Marciana Ulpia Traiana Thamugadi. Trajan commemorated the city after his mother Marcia, father Marcus Ulpius Traianus and his eldest sister Ulpia Marciana. Located in modern-day Algeria, about 35 km east of the town of Batna, the ruins are noteworthy for representing one of the best extant examples of the grid plan as used in Roman city planning.
  6. Tipaza
    Tipaza is a Berber-speaking town on the coast of Algeria, capital of the Tipaza province. The modern town, founded in 1857, is remarkable chiefly for its sandy beach, and ancient Berber and Roman ruins.
  7. Algiers

    Links: Cities, Top Ten African Cities, Top Ten Paintings by Pablo Picasso,
  8. Annaba

    Annaba is a city in the northeastern corner of Algeria near the river Seybouse and the Tunisian border. It is located in Annaba Province. With a population of 257,359 (2008), it is the 4th largest city in Algeria. It is a leading industrial center in eastern Algeria and was once the Phonecian and Roman city of Hippo Regius.
  9. Beni Hammad Fort

    Beni Hammad Fort, also called Al Qal’a of Beni Hammad, is a ruined, fortified palatine city in Algeria, serving as the first capital of the Hammadid dynasty. It is located in the mountains northeast of M’Sila, at an elevation of 1,418 m, and receives abundant water from the surrounding mountains. Beni Hammad Fort is near the town of Maadid (aka Maadhid), about 225 km southeast of Algiers, in the Maghreb. In 1980, it was inscribed as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO, and described as “an authentic picture of a fortified Muslim city.” The town includes a 7 km-long line of walls. Inside the walls are four residential complexes, and the largest mosque built in Algeria after that of Mansurah. It is similar to the Grand Mosque of Kairouan, with a tall minaret (20 m). Excavations have brought to light numerous terracotta, jewels, coins and ceramics testifying to the high level of civilization under the Hammadid dynasty. Also among the artifacts discovered are several decorative fountains using the lion as a motif. The remains of the emir’s palace, known as Dal al-Bahr, include three separate residences separated by gardens and pavilions.
    Links: Top Ten Forts,,
  10. Tomb of Massinissa, Constantine, Algeria

    Masinissa or Massena (240 or 238 BC – 148 BC) was the first King of Numidia, an ancient North African nation of ancient Libyan tribes, which he united, and is most famous for his role as a Roman ally in the Battle of Zama in Ancient Algeria.
    Links: Top Ten Tombs,,
  11. Links: Attractions, African Attractions,,