Top Ten Madeiran Attractions

Top Ten Madeiran Attractions

       Madeira is a Portuguese archipelago that lies just under 400 km north of Tenerife, Canary Islands, in the north Atlantic Ocean and an outermost region of the European Union. The archipelago comprises one of the two Autonomous regions of Portugal (the other being the Azores located to the northwest), that includes the islands of Madeira, Porto Santo, the Desertas and the Savage Islands. Madeirawas re-discovered by Portuguese sailors in the service of Infante D. Henrique (Henry the Navigator) in 1419 and settled after 1420. The archipelago is considered to be the first territorial discovery of the exploratory period of the Portuguese Age of Discovery. Today, it is a popular year-round resort, being visited every year by about one million tourists, noted for its Madeirawine, flowers, landscapes and embroidery artisans, as well for its annual New Years celebrations that feature the largest fireworks show in the world, as officially recognized by the Guinness World Records, in 2006. The main harbor in Funchal is the leading Portuguese port in cruise liner dockings, being an important stopover for commercial and trans-Atlantic passenger cruises between Europe, the Caribbean and North America. Madeira is currently the 2nd richest region in Portugal, after Lisbon, with a GDP per capita of 103% of the European average.

  1. Funchal

    Funchal is the largest city, the municipal seat and the capital of Portugal’s Autonomous Region of Madeira. The city has a population of 112,015 and has been the capital of Madeira for more than five centuries.
    Links: Top 100 Flowers, Top Ten Floral Regions,
  2. Laurisilva

    Laurisilva or laurissilva (“laurel forest”) is a subtropical forest, found in areas with high humidity and relatively stable and mild temperatures. They are characterized by tree species that look alike with leaves of lauroide type, evergreen, glossy-leaved trees. Particularly is the endemic type of humid subtropical laurel forest, macaronesian laurisilva (laurisilva macaronésica), found on several of the Macaronesian islands of the North Atlantic and Macaronesian African mainland enclaves, namely Madeira Islands, the Azores, Cape Verde Islands and the Canary Islands, a relict of the Pliocene subtropical forests, supporting numerous endemic species.
  3. Links: Top Ten Fireworks Shows, Top Ten Cruises, Top Ten Explorers, Top Ten Diving Destinations,