Top Ten Bosnian Herzegovinian Attractions

Top Ten Bosnian Herzegovinian Attractions

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       Bosnia and Herzegovina is a sovereign state in Southern Europe, on the Balkan Peninsula, bordered by Croatia, Serbia and Montenegro. The country is almost landlocked, except for the 26 km (16 miles) of coastline on the Adriatic Sea surrounding the town of Neum. The central and southern interior of the country is mountainous, while the northwest is moderately hilly, and the northeast is predominantly flatland. The inner region of the country has a moderate continental climate, bookended by hot summers and cold and snowy winters, while the southern tip has a Mediterranean climate. The country is home to three ethnic groups. Bosniaks are the largest group of the three, followed by Serbs and Croats. Regardless of ethnicity, a citizen of Bosnia and Herzegovinais often identified in English as a Bosnian. The terms Herzegovinian and Bosnian are maintained as a regional rather than ethnic distinction, and Herzegovinahas no precisely defined borders of its own. Moreover, the country was called just “Bosnia” until Austro-Hungarian occupation at the end of the 19th century. Formerly one of the six federal units constituting the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia,Bosnia and Herzegovina gained its independence during the Yugoslav Wars of the 1990’s.Bosnia and Herzegovina is a parliamentary republic, which has a bicameral legislature and a three-member Presidency composed of a member of each major ethnic group. However, the central government’s power is highly limited, as the country is largely decentralized and comprises two autonomous entities: the Federation of Bosnia andHerzegovina and Republika Srpska, with a third region, the Brčko District, governed under local government.

  1. Sarajevo
    SarajevoSarajevo1Sarajevo2Sarajevo3Sarajevo4Sarajevo5Sarajevo7Sarajevo8
    Sarajevo is the capital and largest city of Bosnia and Herzegovina, with an estimated population of over 310,605 people within its administrative limits. It is also the capital of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina entity, as well as the center of the Sarajevo Canton, which has a population of 436,572. Sarajevo is located in the Sarajevo valley of Bosnia, surrounded by the Dinaric Alps and situated along the Miljacka River in the heart of Southeastern Europe and the Balkans. Sarajevo is the leading business and cultural center of Bosnia and Herzegovina, and its influences in politics, education, entertainment, media, fashion, science and the arts contribute to its status as Bosnia and Herzegovina’s major economic center. The city is historically famous for its traditional religious diversity, with adherents of Islam, Orthodoxy, Catholicism and Judaism coexisting there for centuries. Due to this long and rich history of religious diversity, Sarajevo is often being called the “Jerusalem of Europe: or “Jerusalem of the Balkans.” Although settlement in the area stretches back to prehistoric times, the modern city arose as an Ottoman stronghold in the 15th century. Sarajevo has attracted international attention several times throughout its history. In 1885 Sarajevo was the 1st city in Europe and the 2nd city in the world to have a full-time electric tram network running through the city, the first being San Francisco, California. In 1914 it was the site of the assassination of the Archduke of Austria that sparked WWI. 70 years later, it hosted the 1984 Winter Olympics. For nearly four years, from 1992–1996, the city suffered from a siege during the Bosnian War for independence. Today the city is undergoing post-war reconstruction, and is the fastest growing city in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The travel guide series, Lonely Planet, has named Sarajevo as the 43rd best city in the world, and in December 2009 listed Sarajevo as one of the top ten cities to visit in 2010. In 2011 Sarajevo was the first city outside the European Union to be nominated for the European Capital of Culture in 2014.
    Links: Cities, Top Ten Towers, Top Ten Fountains, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sarajevo,
  2. Bosnian Pyramids

    Description:
    Links: Pyramids, Top Ten European Pyramids,
  3. Banja Luka
    Banja LukaBanja Luka1
    Banja Luka is the 2nd largest city in Bosnia and Herzegovina and the administrative capital of the Bosnian-Serb Republika Srpska entity. Traditionally it has been the center of the Bosanska Krajina region, located in the north-western part of the country. It is home of the University of Banja Luka, as well as numerous state and entity institutions of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The city lies on the Vrbas River and is well known in the countries of the Former Yugoslavia for being full of tree-lined avenues, boulevards, gardens and parks.
    Links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Banja_Luka,
  4. Stari Most (“Old Bridge”) and the Surrounding Area of the Old City of Mostar
    Stari MostStari Most1Stari Most2Stari Most3
    Mostar is a city and municipality in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the largest and one of the most important cities in the Herzegovina region and the center of the Herzegovina-Neretva Canton of the Federation. Mostar is situated on the Neretva river and is the 5th largest city in the country. Mostar was named after the bridge keepers, Mostari, who in the medieval times guarded the Stari Most over Neretva river. Stari Most (“Old Bridge”) is a 16th century Ottoman bridge in the city of Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina that crosses the river Neretva and connects two parts of the city. The Old Bridge stood for 427 years, until it was destroyed on November 9, 1993 during the Croat-Bosniak War. Subsequently, a project was set in motion to reconstruct it and the rebuilt bridge opened on July 23, 2004.
    Links: Top Ten Bridges, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stari_most,
  5. Neum
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    Neum is the only coastal town in Bosnia and Herzegovina. It comprises 24.5 km (15 mi) of coastline, the country’s only access to the Adriatic Sea. As of 2009, municipal (općina) population was of 4,605 and the one of Neum main town (naselje) was of 4,268 (in 1991).
    Links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neum,
  6. Daorson
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    Daorson was the capital of a Hellenized Illyrian tribe called the Daorsi. The Daorsi lived in the valley of the Neretva River between 300 BC and 50 BC. The remnants of Daorson can be found at Ošanići, near Stolac, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
    Links: Top Ten Ancient Ruins, Top 100 Coins, Top 100 European Coins, http://illyrianmysteries.blogspot.com/2011/02/daorson.html,
  7. Igman Mountain
    Igman Mountain
    Igman is a mountain in central Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is found directly to the southwest of Sarajevo, bordering Bjelašnica Mountain and the city of Ilidža. Igman’s highest point, Vlahinja Ridge, is 1,502 meters (4,928 feet), making it the shortest of the Sarajevo mountains. Igman is a popular destination for hiking and skiing. During the 1984 Winter Olympics, it was the primary mountain used for the Olympic events, along with Jahorina and Bjelašnica. The Malo Polije area hosted the ski jumping and the ski jumping part of the nordic combined events. Meanwhile, the Veliko Polje hosted the biathlon, cross-country skiing, and the cross-country skiing part of the nordic combined event. There are numerous structures on Igman dating from this time, although many still bear the scars of the 1992-1995 conflict. There are plans for a new cable railway line between Igman and Ilidža’s Hrasnica neighborhood. Today Igman is still one of Sarajevo’s leading tourist attractions. One of the most interesting attractions is the Ski Jumping platforms from the Winter Olympics. Of note are the many bullet impact holes near the medal platform at the bottom of the hill; this site was used for executions during the war. Igman was the location of the lowest recorded temperature in the region, −43 °C (−45 °F). When the weather is right, from Igman mountaineers can see all the way to Montenegro and the Adriatic Sea.
    Links: Top Ten Ski Resorts, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Igman,
  8. Battle of Sutjeska Monument
    Battle of Sutjeska Monument
    The Battle of the Sutjeska, codenamed Fall Schwarz, was a joint attack by the Axis taking place from May 15 to June 16 1943, which aimed to destroy the main Yugoslav Partisan force, near the Sutjeska river in south-eastern Bosnia. The failure of the offensive marked a turning point for Yugoslavia during WWII. The operation is generally known as the Fifth anti-Partisan Offensive, while it is also known as the Fifth Enemy Offensive in ex-Yugoslav terminology. Codenamed Fall Schwarz, it immediately followed Fall Weiss which had failed in accomplishing the same objectives: to eliminate the central Partisan formations and capture their commander, Josip Broz Tito, also known by his Comintern codename as “Walter.”
    Links: Top Ten Battles, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Sutjeska,
  9. Mehmed Paša Sokolović Bridge in Višegrad
    Mehmed Paša Sokolović Bridge in VišegradMehmed Paša Sokolović Bridge in Višegrad1Mehmed Paša Sokolović Bridge in Višegrad2
    The Mehmed Paša Sokolović Bridge is a historic bridge in Višegrad, over the Drina River in eastern Republika Srpska entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina. It was completed in 1577 AD by the Ottoman court architect Mimar Sinan on the order of the Grand Vizier Mehmed Paša Sokolović.
    Links: Top Ten Bridges, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mehmed_Pa%C5%A1a_Sokolovi%C4%87_Bridge,
  10. Links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bosnia_%26_Herzegovina,