Top Ten Estonian Attractions

Top Ten Estonian Attractions

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       Estonia is a state in the Baltic region of Northern Europe bordered by the Gulf of Finland, the Baltic Sea, Latvia, Lake Peipsi and Russia. Across the Baltic Sea lies Sweden in the west and Finland in the north. The territory of Estonia covers 45,227 square km (17,462 square mi) and is influenced by a temperate seasonal climate. The Estonians are a Finnic people, and the official language, Estonian, is closely related to Finnish. Estonia is a democratic parliamentary republic and is divided into 15 counties. The capital and largest city is Tallinn. With a population of 1.34 million, Estonia is one of the least-populous members of the European Union, Eurozone and NATO. Today,Estonia has the highest GDP per person among former Soviet republics. Estonia is listed as a “High-Income Economy” by the World Bank, as an “advanced economy” by the International Monetary Fund and is a High-income OECD member. The United Nations lists Estonia as a developed country with a Human Development Index of “Very High.” The country is also ranked highly for press freedom, economic freedom, democracy and political freedom and education.

  1. Tallinn
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    Tallinn is the capital and largest city of Estonia. It occupies an area of 159.2 square km (61.5 square mi) with a population of 414,353. It is situated on the northern coast of the country, on the banks of the Gulf of Finland, 80 km (50 mi) south of Helsinki, east of Stockholm and west of Saint Petersburg. It is ranked as a global city and has been listed among the top 10 digital cities in the world. The city is a European Capital of Culture for 2011, along with Turku, Finland.
    Links: Cities, Top Ten Digital Cities, Palaces, Top Ten Cathedrals, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tallinn,
  2. Tartu
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    Tartu is the 2nd largest city in Estonia. In contrast to Estonia’s political and financial capital Tallinn, Tartu is often considered the intellectual and cultural hub, especially since it is home to Estonia’s oldest and most renowned university. Situated 186 km southeast of Tallinn, the city is the center of southern Estonia. The Emajõgi River, which connects the two largest lakes of Estonia, crosses Tartu. The city is served by Tartu Airport. Historical names of the town include Tarbatu, an Estonian fortress founded in the 5th century, Yuryev (Юрьев) named 1030 by Yaroslav I the Wise, and Dorpat as first known by the German crusaders in the 13th century.
    Links: Top Ten Fountains, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tartu,
  3. Struve Geodetic Arc
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    The Struve Geodetic Arc is a chain of survey triangulations stretching from Hammerfest in Norway to the Black Sea, through ten countries and over 2,820 km, which yielded the first accurate measurement of a meridian. The chain was established and used by the German-born Russian scientist Friedrich Georg Wilhelm von Struve in the years 1816 to 1855 to establish the exact size and shape of the earth. At that time, the chain passed merely through two countries: Union of Sweden-Norway and the Russian Empire. The Arc’s first point is located in Tartu Observatory, where Struve conducted much of his research. In 2005, the chain was inscribed on the World Heritage List as a memorable ensemble of the chain made up of 34 commemorative plaques or built obelisks out of the original 265, main station points which are marked by drilled holes in rocks, iron crosses, cairns, others. Measurement of the triangulation chain comprises 258 main triangles and 265 geodetic vertices. The northernmost point is located near Hammerfest in Norway and the southernmost point near the Black Sea in Ukraine.
    Links: Top 100 Scientists, Top Ten Scientific Theories, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Struve_Geodetic_Arc,
  4. Kuressaare Castle
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    Kuressaare is a town and a municipality on Saaremaa island in Estonia. It is the capital of Saare County. The current population is about 14,706 (2011).
    Links: Castles, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kuressaare,
  5. Links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Estonia,

Recommendations for Excursions in Estonia