Top Ten Montenegrin Attractions

Top Ten Montenegrin Attractions

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       Montenegro, meaning “Black Mountain,” is a country located in Southeastern Europe. It has a coast on the Adriatic Sea to the south-west and is bordered by Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia and Albania. Its capital and largest city is Podgorica, while Cetinje is designated as the Prijestonica, meaning the former Royal Capital City. In the 10th century, modern Montenegro was divided into three Slavic principalities: Duklja, roughly corresponding to the southern half, Travunia, the west, and Rascia, the north. In 1042, archon Stefan Vojislav led a revolt that resulted in independence of Duklja and the establishment of the House of Vojislavljević. Duklja reached its zenith under Vojislav’s son, Mihailo (1046–81), and his son Bodin (1081–1101). By the 13th century, Zeta had replaced Duklja when referring to the realm, which at the time was part of the Serbian Grand Principality of the Nemanjić dynasty. With the fall of the Serbian Empire in the late 14th century, southern Montenegro came under the rule of the Balsic noble family, then the Crnojevic noble family, and by the 15th century, Zeta was more often referred to as Crna Gora. A sovereign principality since the Late Middle Ages, Montenegro saw its independence from the Ottoman Empire formally recognized in 1878. From 1918, it was a part of Yugoslavia. On the basis of a referendum held on May 21, 2006, Montenegro declared independence on June 3rd of that year.Montenegro is classified by the World Bank as a middle-income country.

  1. Podgorica
    PodgoricaPodgorica1Podgorica2Podgorica3Podgorica4Podgorica5
    Podgorica, “under the small hill,” is the capital and largest city of Montenegro. Podgorica’s favorable position at the confluence of the Ribnica and Morača rivers and the meeting point of the fertile Zeta Plain and Bjelopavlići Valley has encouraged settlement. The city is close to winter ski centers in the north and seaside resorts on the Adriatic Sea. A census in 2011 put the city’s population at 151,312. The Podgorica municipality contains 10.4% of Montenegro’s territory and 29.9% of its population. It is the administrative center of Montenegro and its economic, cultural and educational focus.
    Links: Top Ten Bridges,
  2. Herceg Novi
    Herceg NoviHerceg Novi1Herceg Novi2Herceg Novi3Herceg Novi4Herceg Novi5Herceg Novi6Herceg Novi7Herceg Novi8
    Herceg Novi is a coastal town in Montenegro located at the entrance to the Bay of Kotor and at the foot of Mount Orjen. It is the administrative center of the Herceg Novi Municipality with around 33,000 inhabitants. Herceg Novi was known as Castelnuovo (“New castle” in Italian) between 1420 and 1797 when was part of the Albania Veneta of the Republic of Venice. Herceg Novi has had a turbulent past, despite being one of the youngest settlements on the Adriatic. A history of varied occupations has created a blend of diverse and picturesque architectural style in the city.
    Links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herceg_Novi,
  3. Cetinje
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    Cetinje is a town and Old Royal Capital of Montenegro. It is also a historical and the secondary capital of Montenegro, with the official residence of the President of Montenegro. It had a population of 13,991 as of 2011. The city nestles on a small karst plain surrounded by limestone mountains, including Mt. Lovćen, the Black Mountain from which Montenegro gets its name. Cetinje is a town of immense historical heritage, founded in the 15th century. It became the center of Montenegrin life and both a cradle of Montenegrin and a Serbian Orthodox religious center. It is because of its heritage as a long-term Montenegrin capital that it is today the honorary capital of Montenegro.
    Links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cetinje,
  4. Budva
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    Budva is a coastal town in Montenegro. It has around 15,000 inhabitants, and it is the center of municipality. The coastal area around Budva, called the Budvanska rivijera, is the center of Montenegro’s tourism, and is well known for its sandy beaches, diverse nightlife, and examples of Mediterranean architecture. Budva is 2,500 years old, which makes it one of the oldest settlements on the Adriatic Sea coast.
    Links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Budva,
  5. Natural and Culturo-Historical Region of Kotor
    Natural and Culturo-Historical Region of KotorNatural and Culturo-Historical Region of Kotor1Natural and Culturo-Historical Region of Kotor2
    The Natural and Culturo-Historical Region of Kotor is a World Heritage Site located in Montenegro that was inscribed in 1979. It encompasses the old town of Kotor (Italian Cattaro), the fortifications of Kotor, and the surrounding region of the inner Bay of Kotor.
    Links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Natural_and_Culturo-Historical_Region_of_Kotor,
  6. Biogradska Gora
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    Biogradska Gora is a forest and a national park in Montenegro within Kolašin municipality.
    Links: National Parks, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biogradska_Gora,
  7. Durmitor National Park
    Durmitor National ParkDurmitor National Park1Durmitor National Park2
    Description:
    Links: National Parks,
  8. Tara River Canyon and National Park
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    The Tara River Canyon, also known as the Tara River Gorge, is the longest canyon in Montenegro. It is 82 km long and is 1,300 m at its deepest, making it the deepest river canyon in Europe. The Tara canyon is unique with significant depths averaging around one thousand meters, and in some places up to one thousand-three hundred meters. It is ranked right behind the Grand Canyon in Arizona, USA. The Tara River, at its end making confluence with Piva, becomes the Drina, and is some 150 km long. In its passage through the Tara National Park, the river has a mean fall of 3.6 m/km, making a host of waterfalls and cascades possible, thus creating with its uniqueness The Montenegrin Colorado. All along its flow, the Tara gets large quantities of water from numerous sources, and quite a few tributaries. The most important tributaries on the left bank of the Tara are Ljutica and Susica, and the most important tributaries on the right bank being Vaskovaska rijeka and Draga. The most important source is the source Bajlovica sige, a source placed on the left bank of the Tara river giving to the Tara a few hundred liters per second, where the water sourcing from the Bucevica cave falls into the Tara more than 30 meters high, and more than a 150 m wide. The roar of the breathtaking Tara cascades can be heard on the very peaks of the canyon. There are more than 40 cascades, the most famous being: Djavolje lazi, Sokolovina, Bijeli kamen, Gornji tepacki buk and Donji tepacki buk. Because of the quality of its water, and because of its unique ecological system, Tara in 1977 was put into the program “Covjek i biosfera” (Men and Biosphere) and inscribed into the ecological biosphere reservations of the World, being thus protected under an internationally issued convention. There are rocky and pebbly terraces, sandy beaches, high cliffs, and more than 80 large caves along the canyon.
    Links: Top Ten Canyons, Top Ten Rivers, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tara_River_Canyon,
  9. Our Lady of the Rocks
    Our Lady of the RocksOur Lady of the Rocks1Our Lady of the Rocks2Our Lady of the Rocks3Our Lady of the Rocks4Our Lady of the Rocks5
    Our Lady of the Rocks is one of the two islets off the coast of Perast in Bay of Kotor, Montenegro (the other being Sveti Đorđe Island). It is an artificial island created by bulwark of rocks and by sinking old and seized ships loaded with rocks. The Roman Catholic Church of Our Lady of the Rocks is the only building on the islet. According to legend, the islet was made over the centuries by the seamen who kept an ancient oath after finding the icon of Madonna and Child on the rock in the sea on July 22, 1452. Upon returning from each successful voyage, they laid a rock in the Bay. Over time, the islet gradually emerged from the sea. The custom of throwing rocks into the sea is alive even nowadays. Every year on the sunset of July 22, an event called fašinada, when local residents take their boats and throw rocks into the sea, widening the surface of the island, takes place. The first known church was built on the islet in 1452 and it was Serbian Orthodox. It was taken over by Roman Catholics and in 1632 the present Church of Our Lady of the Rocks was built. It was upgraded in 1722. The church contains 68 paintings by Tripo Kokolja, a famous 17th century baroque artist from Perast. His most important painting, ten meters long, is The Death of the Virgin. There are also paintings by Italian artists, and an icon (circa 1452) of Our Lady of the Rocks, by Lovro Dobričević of Kotor. The church also houses a collection of silver votive tablets and a famous votive tapestry embroidered by Jacinta Kunić-Mijović from Perast. It took her 25 years to finish it while waiting her darling to come from a long journey, and eventually, she became blind. She used golden and silver fibers but what makes this tapestry so famous is the fact that she also embroidered her own hair in it.
    Links: Top Ten Paintings by Tripo Kokolja,
  10. Links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Montenegro,