Top Ten Yemen Attractions

Top Ten Yemen Attractions

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       The Republic of Yemen is a country located in the Middle East, occupying the southwestern and southern end of the Arabian Peninsula. It is bordered by Saudi Arabia to the north, the Red Sea to the west, and Oman to the east. Yemen has a land area of 555,000 square km and a population of approximately 24 million (2010). Its capital and largest city is Sana’a. Yemen’s territory includes over 200 islands, the largest of which is Socotra, about 415 km to the south of mainland Yemen, off the coast of Somalia. It is the only state in the Arabian Peninsula to have a purely republican form of government (though not in practice). In February and March 2011, an uprising against the government began, and clashes with police and pro-government supporters have steadily intensified. Many protesters demand the immediate resignation of the current leadership, and in particular that of President Ali Abdullah Saleh.

  1. Old City of Sana’a
    Old City of Sana’aOld City of Sana’a1Old City of Sana’a2Old City of Sana’a3Old City of Sana’a4Old City of Sana’a5Old City of Sana’a6
    Sana’a is the capital of Yemen and the center of the San‘a’ Governorate; however the city itself is not part of the Governorate, but forms the separate administrative district of “Amanat Al-Asemah.” Sana’a is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. At an altitude of 2,300 m (7,500 ft), it is also one of the highest capital cities in the world. Sana’a has a population of approximately 1,748,000 (2010) making it Yemen’s largest city. The old city of Sana’a, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, has a distinctive visual character due its unique architectural characteristics, most notably expressed in its multi-story buildings decorated with geometric patterns
    Links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sana%27a, http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/385,
  2. Old Walled City of Shibam
    Old Walled City of ShibamOld Walled City of Shibam1Old Walled City of Shibam2
    Shibam (often referred to as Shibam Hadhramaut) is a town in Yemen with about 7,000 inhabitants. The first known inscription about the city dates from the 3rd century AD. It was the capital of the Hadramawt Kingdom.
    Links: Cities, Top Ten Wallshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shibam, http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/192,
  3. Historic Town of Zabid
    Historic Town of ZabidHistoric Town of Zabid1Historic Town of Zabid2Historic Town of Zabid3Historic Town of Zabid4Historic Town of Zabid5Historic Town of Zabid6Historic Town of Zabid7Historic Town of Zabid8
    Zabid is a town with an urban population of around 23,000 on Yemen’s western coastal plain. The town, named after Wadi Zabid, the wadi (or valley) to its south, is one of the oldest towns in Yemen. It was the capital of Yemen from the 13th to the 15th century and a center of the Arab and Muslim world due in large part to its famed University of Zabid and being a center of Islamic education. It was the capital of the Ziyadid dynasty from 819–1018 and the Najahid dynasty from 1022–1158. Today, however, it is at the intellectual and economic margins of modern Yemen. Zabid has been declared a World Heritage Site by the UNESCO. Its Great Mosque occupies a prominent place in the town. The vestiges of its university can also be visited.
    Links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zabid, http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/611,
  4. Socotra Archipelago
    Socotra ArchipelagoSocotra Archipelago1Socotra Archipelago2Socotra Archipelago3Socotra Archipelago4Socotra Archipelago5Socotra Archipelago6
    Socotra is a small archipelago of four islands in the Indian Ocean. The largest island, also called Socotra, is about 95% of the landmass of the archipelago. It lies some 240 kilometers (150 mi) east of the Horn of Africa and 380 km (240 mi) south of the Arabian Peninsula. The island is very isolated and through the process of speciation, one third of its plant life is found nowhere else on the planet. It has been described as the most alien-looking place on Earth. Socotra is part of the Republic of Yemen.
    Links: Top Ten Reefs, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Socotra_Archipelago, http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1263,
  5. Aden
    Aden1AdenAden2Aden3
    Aden is a seaport city in Yemen, located by the eastern approach to the Red Sea (the Gulf of Aden), some 170 km east of Bab-el-Mandeb. Its population is approximately 800,000. Aden’s ancient, natural harbor lies in the crater of an extinct volcano which now forms a peninsula, joined to the mainland by a low isthmus. This harbor, Front Bay, was first used by the ancient Kingdom of Awsan between the 5th and 7th centuries BC. The modern harbor is on the other side of the peninsula. A local legend in Yemen states that Aden may be as old as human history itself. Some also believe that Cain and Abel are buried somewhere in the city.
    Links: Top 100 Stampshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aden,
  6. Town of Hajarin
    Town of HajarinTown of Hajarin1
    Description:
    Links:
  7. The Madrasa Amiriya of Rada
    The Madrasa Amiriya of RadaThe Madrasa Amiriya of Rada1The Madrasa Amiriya of Rada2The Madrasa Amiriya of Rada3The Madrasa Amiriya of Rada4The Madrasa Amiriya of Rada5
    Al-Amiriya is a 16th century madrasa (educational institution) located in Rada, Yemen. It is under consideration for inscription as a UNESCO World Heritage site. It was built in 1504 and is an example of the architecture of Tahirids, Yemen. The monument was in poor condition until 1978 when Iraqi-born archaeologist Selma Al-Radi saw it and enlisted financial help from foreign missions to restore it in a more than twenty year effort which she led.
    Links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amiriya_Madrasa,
  8. Jibla
    JiblaJibla1Jibla2Jibla3
    Jibla is a town in southwestern Yemen, close to Ibb. The town and its surroundings were added to the UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List due to its purported universal cultural value. Following the death of Sulayhid Dynasty ruler Ali al-Sulayhi in 1067, Arwa al-Sulayhi’s husband Ahmad became the de jure ruler of Yemen, but he was unable to rule being paralyzed and bedridden. He gave all of his power to Arwa, one of her first actions was to move the capital from Sana’a to Jibla in order to be in a better position to destroy Sa’id ibn Najar and thus avenge her father-in-law’s death. This she managed to do by luring him into a trap in 1088. She built a new palace at Jibla, and transformed the old palace into a great mosque where she was eventually buried.
    Links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jibla,
  9. Archaeological site of Marib
    Archaeological site of MaribArchaeological site of Marib1Archaeological site of Marib2Archaeological site of Marib3Archaeological site of Marib4Archaeological site of Marib5
    Ma’rib is the capital town of the Ma’rib Governorate, Yemen and was the capital of the Sabaean kingdom (Ancient Sheba of biblical fame). It is located approximately 120 kilometers east of Yemen’s modern capital, Sana’a. The Sabaean kingdom was located in what is now the Aseer region in southwestern Yemen. The Sabaean kings made their capital at Ma’rib, and built great irrigation works such as the Ma’rib dams, whose ruins are still visible. The Marib Dam supported a flourishing culture for more than a thousand years; its collapse in 575 AD, a few years after the birth of Muhammad, may be one of the main reasons that Arabia did not become Christian. They also built castles and temples in the area, and were known for trading the valuable frankincense and myrrh. They were a seafaring people and known to have influence and a population in the Northeast African kingdom of D’mt, across the Red Sea in Eritrea and perhaps Ethiopia, the only other source of both frankincense and myrrh.
    Links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marib,
  10. The Historic City of Thula
    The Historic City of ThulaThe Historic City of Thula1
    Thula is one of five towns in Yemen on the tentative UNESCO World Heritage List. Dating to the Himyarite period, the town is very well-preserved and includes traditional houses and mosques.
    Links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thula,
  11. Historic city of Sa’dah
    Historic city of Sa’dahHistoric city of Sa’dah1Historic city of Sa’dah2Historic city of Sa’dah3Historic city of Sa’dah4Historic city of Sa’dah5
    Sa’dah is the capital city of Saada Governorate in north-western Yemen. Known in antiquity as Karna, it had a population of 51,870 in 2004.
    Links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saada,
  12. Jabal Haraz
    Jabal HarazJabal Haraz1Jabal Haraz2Jabal Haraz3Jabal Haraz4Jabal Haraz5
    Jabal Haraz is a small enclave of Ism’aili communities located in the mountains of Yemen, between Sana’a and al-Hudayda. The area is being considered for inscription in UNESCO’s World Heritage list of sites that have “outstanding universal value.”
    Links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jabal_Haraz,
  13. Balhaf/Burum Coastal Area
    BalhafBurum Coastal Area
    Balhaf is an oasis in an area of coastal dunes in the Burum Coastal Area of Yemen. It has palm trees and white sand, which gives way to fields of black lava and to the fishing port of Bir-Ali. Qana, a major point of departure of the Route I’Encens, was the main port of the ancient kingdom of Hadhramaut, and is dominated by a hill, Husn al-Ghurab, or remains of the ancient vestiges. A I’écart is located on an extinct volcano, a crater lake with turquoise waters. The “Corniche” road leads to the coastal port of Burum. Burum, a typical fishing port, is an old village surrounded by a gypsum kilns. Close by, one can see the large bay of Mukalla, whose wetlands are populated by migrant birds from India or Africa.
    Links: Top Ten Craters, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Balhaf,
  14. Links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yemenhttp://whc.unesco.org/en/statesparties/ye,