Top Ten American Samoan Attractions

Top Ten American Samoan Attractions

American Samoa is an unincorporated territory of the US located in the South Pacific Ocean, southeast of the sovereign state of Samoa. The main (largest and most populous) island is Tutuila, with the Manuʻa Islands, Rose Atoll and Swains Island also included in the territory. American Samoa is part of the Samoan Islands chain, located west of the Cook Islands, north of Tonga, and some 300 miles (500 km) south of Tokelau. To the west are the islands of the Wallis and Futuna group. The 2010 census showed a total population of 55,519 people. The total land area is 76.1 square miles (197.1 square km), slightly more than Washington, D.C. American Samoa is the southernmost territory of the US.

  1. Ofu and Olosega

           Ofu and Olosega are parts of a volcanic doublet in the Manu‘a Group of the Samoan Islands, part of American Samoa. The twin islands, formed from shield volcanoes, have a combined length of 6 km. They are geographic volcanic remnants separated by the narrow 137 m wide Asaga strait, a natural bridge of shallow coral reef. Before 1970, one had to wade between the two islands at low tide; now a single-lane road bridge over the strait connects villages on Ofu Island with those on Olosega. The highest peak on Ofu is Mount Tumutumu (491 m, also referred to as Tumu) and the highest elevation on Olosega is Mount Piumafua (629 m). The most recent volcanic eruption took place in 1866, 3 km south east of Olosega. Archaeology field work carried out in the 1980’s yielded pre-historic evidence including ceramics, adzes, shell and bone which have been significant in furthering understanding of the ancient history of the Samoa Islands and Polynesia. This included samples of red-slipped plainware ceramics that appeared to be in the tradition of Lapita culture. The work, carried out by a team that included Pacific archaeology specialist Patrick Vinton Kirch, focused on a site called To’aga, a 2 km coastal stretch on the south coast of Ofu. The results showed continuous human habitation of about 3,000 years.
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