Top Ten Argentinian Attractions

    Top Ten Argentinian Attractions

       Argentina is the 2nd largest country in South America by land area, after Brazil. It is constituted as a federation of 23 provinces and an autonomous city, Buenos Aires. It is the 8th largest country in the world by land area and the largest among Spanish-speaking nations. Argentina’s continental area is between the Andes mountain range in the west and the Atlantic Ocean in the east. It borders Paraguay and Bolivia to the north, Brazil and Uruguay to the northeast, and Chile to the west and south. Argentine claims over Antarctica, as well as overlapping claims made by Chile and the UK, are suspended by the Antarctic Treaty of 1961. Argentina also claims the Falkland Islands and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, which are administered by the UK as British Overseas Territories. A recognized middle power, Argentina is Latin America’s 3rd largest economy, with a high rating on the Human development index. Within Latin America, Argentina has the 5th highest nominal GDP per capita and the highest in purchasing power terms. Analysts have argued that the country has a “foundation for future growth due to its market size, levels of foreign direct investment, and percentage of high-tech exports as share of total manufactured goods,” and it is classed by investors as an emerging economy.

  1. Buenos Aires

    Buenos Aires is the capital and largest city of Argentina, and the 2nd largest metropolitan area in South America, after São Paulo. It is located on the western shore of the estuary of the Río de la Plata, on the southeastern coast of the South American continent. Greater Buenos Aires conurbation, which also includes several Buenos Aires Province districts, constitutes the 4th largest conurbation in Latin America, with a population of around 13 million. The city of Buenos Aires is not a part of the Buenos Aires Province, nor is it its capital; rather, it is an autonomous district. In 1880, after decades of political infighting, Buenos Aires was federalized and removed from Buenos Aires Province. The city limits were enlarged to include the towns of Belgrano and Flores. The 1994 constitutional amendment granted the city autonomy, hence its formal name: Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires. Its citizens first elected a Chief of Government (Mayor) in 1996; before, the Mayor was directly appointed by the President of the Republic. People from Buenos Aires are referred to as porteños (people of the port). Buenos Aires is a top tourist destination, and is known for its European style architecture and rich cultural life.
    Links: Cities, Top Ten South American Cities, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buenos_aires,
  2. Iguazú National Park

           The Iguazú National Park is a national park of Argentina, located in Iguazú, in the north of the province of Misiones, Argentine Mesopotamia. It has an area of 550 square km (212 sq mi).
    Links: National Parks, Top Ten South American National Parks, Top Ten Waterfalls, Animals, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iguaz%C3%BA_National_Park,
  3. Jesuit Block and Estancias of Córdoba

           The Jesuit Block and Estancias of Córdoba are a former Jesuit reduction built by missionaries in Córdoba, Argentina. The Manzana Jesuítica contains the University of Córdoba, one of the oldest in South America, the Monserrat Secondary School, a church, and residence buildings. To maintain such a project, the Jesuits operated six Estancias (residences) around the province of Córdoba, named Caroya, Jesús María, Santa Catalina, Alta Gracia, Candelaria and San Ignacio. The farm and the complex, started in 1615, had to be left by the Jesuits, following the 1767 decree by King Charles III of Spain that expelled them from the continent. They were then run by the Franciscans until 1853, when the Jesuits returned to The Americas. Nevertheless, the university and the high-school were nationalized a year later. Each Estancia has its own church and set of buildings, around which towns grew, such as Alta Gracia, the closest to the Block. The Estancia San Ignacio no longer exists. The Jesuit Block and the Estancias can be visited by tourists; the Road of the Jesuit Estancias has around 250 km of length.
    Links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jesuit_Block_and_Estancias_of_C%C3%B3rdoba,
  4. Cathedral of La Plata

            The Cathedral of La Plata, dedicated to the Immaculate Conception, is the largest Roman Catholic sanctuary in the city of La Plata in Argentina, and one of the largest in Latin America. This Neogothic edifice is located in the geographical center of the city, facing the central square, Plaza Moreno, and the City Hall. Inspired by the European cathedrals of Amiens and Cologne, its plans were drawn by architect Ernesto Meyer under the direction of city planner Pedro Benoit. The cornerstone was laid in 1884, and it was consecrated as the Parroquia Nuestra Señora de los Dolores in 1902. The parish church, which continued undergoing works, was designated a cathedral in 1932.
    Links: Top Ten Cathedrals, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cathedral_of_La_Plata,
  5. Jesuit Missions of the Guaranis

           Guaraní are a group of culturally related indigenous peoples of South America. They are distinguished from the related Tupi by their use of the Guaraní language. The traditional range of the Guaraní people is in what is now Paraguay between the Uruguay River and lower Paraguay River, the Corrientes and Entre Ríos Provinces of Argentina, southern Brazil, and parts of Uruguay and Bolivia. Although their demographic dominance of the region has been reduced by European colonization and the commensurate rise of mestizos, there are contemporary Guaraní populations in these areas. Most notably, the Guaraní language, still widely spoken across traditional Guaraní homelands, is one of the two official languages in Paraguay, the other one being Spanish. The language was once looked down upon by the upper and middle classes, but it is now often regarded with pride and serves as a symbol of national distinctiveness.
    Links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guarani_people, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/San_Ignacio_Mini, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nuestra_Se%C3%B1ora_de_Santa_Ana, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nuestra_Se%C3%B1ora_de_Loreto, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Santa_Mar%C3%ADa_la_Mayor,
  6. Cueva de las Manos, Río Pinturas

           Cueva de las Manos, “Cave of the Hands,” is a cave or a series of caves located in the province of Santa Cruz, Argentina, 163 km (101 mi) south of the town of Perito Moreno. It is famous (and gets its name) for the paintings of hands, made by the indigenous inhabitants (possibly forefathers of the Tehuelches) some 9,000 years ago. The composition of the inks is mineral, so the age of the paintings was calculated from the remains of bone-made pipes used for spraying the paint on the wall blocked by the hand.
    Links: Caves, Top Ten Cave Paintings, Top Ten South American Cave Paintingshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cueva_de_las_Manos,
  7. Península Valdés

           The Valdes Peninsula is a peninsula on the Atlantic coast in the Viedma Department in the north east of Chubut Province, Argentina. About 3,625 square km (896,000 acres; 1,400 sq mi) in size.
    Links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pen%C3%ADnsula_Vald%C3%A9s,
  8. Quebrada de Humahuaca

           The Quebrada de Humahuaca is a narrow mountain valley located in the province of Jujuy in northwest Argentina, 1,500 km (932 mi) north of Buenos Aires. It is about 155 km (96 mi) long, oriented north-south, bordered by the Altiplano in the west and north, by the Sub-Andean hills in the east, and by the warm valleys (Valles Templados) in the south. It receives its name from Humahuaca, a small city of 11,000 inhabitants. The Grande River (Río Grande), which is dry in winter, flows copiously through the Quebrada in the summer. The region has always been a crossroads for economic, social and cultural communication. It has been populated for 10,000 years, since the settlement of the first hunter-gatherers, which is evidenced by substantial prehistoric remains. It was a caravan road for the Inca Empire in the 15th century, then an important link between the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata and the Viceroyalty of Peru, as well as a stage for many battles of the Spanish War of Independence.
    Links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quebrada_de_Humahuaca,
  9. Los Glaciares

           Parque Nacional Los Glaciares is a national park in the Santa Cruz Province, in Argentine Patagonia. It comprises an area of 4459 km². The national park, created in 1937, is the 2nd largest in Argentina. Its name refers to the giant ice cap in the Andes range that feeds 47 large glaciers, of which only 13 flow towards the Atlantic Ocean. The ice cap is the largest outside of Antarctica and Greenland. In other parts of the world, glaciers start at a height of at least 2,500 meters above mean sea level, but due to the size of the ice cap, these glaciers begin at only 1,500m, sliding down to 200m, eroding the surface of the mountains that support them.
    Links: National Parks, Top Ten Wonders of the Natural World,
  10. Ischigualasto and Talampaya Natural Parks

           Ischigualasto is a geological formation and a natural park associated with it in the province of San Juan, north-western Argentina, near the border with Chile. The Ischigualasto Provincial Park is located in the north-east of the province and its northern border is the Talampaya National Park, in La Rioja, both of which belong to the same geological formation. Talampaya National Park is a national park located in the east/centre of La Rioja Province, Argentina. The park covers an area of 2,150 square km (830 sq mi). Its purpose is to protect important archaeological and palaeontological sites found in the area. It has landscapes of great beauty, with flora and fauna typical of the mountain biome. The park is in a basin between the Cerro Los Colorados to the west and the Sierra de Sañagasta to the east. The landscape is the result of erosion by water and wind in a desert climate, with large ranges in temperature, high heat by day and low temperature at night, with torrential rain in summer and strong wind in spring. The park includes: The dry bed of the Talampaya River, where dinosaurs lived millions of years ago, numerous fossils have been found here; The Talampaya gorge and its rock formations with walls up to 143 meters (469 ft) high; The remains of indigenous peoples’ settlements, such as the petroglyphs of the Puerta del Cañón; A botanical garden of the local flora at the narrow point of the canyon; Regional fauna, including guanacos, hares, maras, foxes and condors.
    Links: National Parks, Top Ten South American National Parks, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Talampaya_National_Park,
  11. Links: Top Ten South American Attractions, Top Ten Argentinian Hotels, Top Ten Argentinian Restaurants, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Argentina,

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