Top Ten Guyanese Attractions

    Top Ten Guyanese Attractions

       Guyana is a sovereign state on the northern coast of South America and also borders the end most of the Caribbean Sea. The nation is culturally part of the Anglophone Caribbean. Guyana was a former colony of the Dutch and (for over 200 years) of the British. It is the only state of the Commonwealth of Nations on mainland South America, and the only one on that continent where English is an official language. It is also a member of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM), which has its secretariat headquarters in Guyana’s capital, Georgetown. Guyana is one of the very few Caribbean nations that is not an island. Guyana achieved independence from the UK on May 26, 1966, and became a republic on February 23, 1970. Historically, the region known as “Guiana” or “Guayana” comprised the large shield landmass north of the Amazon River and east of the Orinoco River known as the “Land of many waters.” Historical Guyana is made up of three Dutch colonies: Essequibo, Demerara and Berbice. Modern Guyana is bordered by Suriname, Brazil, Venezuela, as well as the Atlantic Ocean. At 215,000 square km, Guyana is the 3rd smallest independent state on the mainland of South America (after Uruguay and Suriname). Its population is approximately 770,000 (2002) of which the majority are of East Indian descent (43.5%) and African descent (30.2%).

  1. Georgetown

           Georgetown, estimated population 239,227 (2002), is the capital and largest city of Guyana, located in the Demerara-Mahaica region. It is situated on the Atlantic Ocean coast at the mouth of the Demerara River and it was nicknamed ‘Garden City of the Caribbean.’ The city serves primarily as a retail and administrative center, as well as a financial services center.
    Links: Top Ten Clock Towers, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Georgetown,_Guyana,
  2. Kaieteur Falls

           Kaieteur Falls is a high-volume waterfall on the Potaro River in central Guyana, Potaro-Siparuni region. It is located in Kaieteur National Park. It is 226 m (741 ft.) high when measured from its plunge over a sandstone and conglomerate cliff to the first break. It then flows over a series of steep cascades that, when included in the measurements, bring the total height to 251 m (822 ft.). While many falls have greater height, few have the combination of height and water volume. This has given Kaieteur Falls the misleading label of “largest single drop” waterfall in the world which is often misinterpreted as “tallest single drop.” However, it is likely one of the most powerful waterfalls in the world. Kaieteur Falls is about five times higher than the more well known Niagara Falls, located on the border between Canada and the United States and about two times the height of the Victoria Falls located on the border of Zambia and Zimbabwe in Africa. It is a single drop waterfall which is the 123rd tallest (single and multi-drop waterfall) in the world, according to the World Waterfalls Database. The same web site lists it as 19th largest waterfall in terms of volume, and in their estimation, Kaieteur is the 26th most scenic waterfall in the world. Its distinction lies in the unique combination of great height and large volume, averaging 663 cubic meters per second (23,400 cubic ft./sec). Thus it is one of the most powerful waterfalls in the world, rivaling even the Jog Falls of India’s Karnataka state during the monsoon season. Up river from the falls, the Potaro Plateau stretches out to the distant escarpment of the Pakaraima Mountains. The Potaro river empties in to the Essequibo River which is one the longest and widest rivers in South America.
    Links: Top Ten Waterfalls, Top Ten Rivers, Top Ten South American Rivers,
  3. Links: Top 100 Birds, Top Ten Frogs/Toads, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guyana,